Information technology for a company’s business processes and decision making

October 2, 2017 Information Technology

Q1: – & A ; gt ; How can information engineering support a company ‘s concern procedures and determination devising, and give it a competitory advantage? Give illustrations to exemplify your reply

Ans.1

Information engineering Support a Company ‘s Business Processes And Dicision Making An vitamin D Its Cometitive Aadvantage Is: –

Support Business Procedure: -As a Consumer, You Regularly Enconter Information Systems That Support The Business Processes And Operation At The Many Retail Sstores Where YOU store.

For Example: – Most Retali Shops now use computing machine -bassed Information Systems To Help Them Record Coustmer Purchhases, Keep Track Of Inventory, Pay Employes But New MeRchandise, And Evaluaate gross revenues Trends, Store operations Would Crunch To aA Halt Without The Support Of Such Information systems.

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Support dicision devising: -Information system besides Help Stores Managers And Other Business Professionals make Better Desions.

For illustration: -Decisions on What Lines Of MerchandiseNeed To Be Added Or discontinued or On what Kind Of Investing they Require, Are Typically made after an analysis Provided By Computer -Based Information systems.this Not Merely supports The Decisions Making Of Stores Managers, Buyers And Others But besides Helps Them expression For ways to Derive An Advantage Over Other Retailers In The Competition For Customers.

Support Competitive advantage: -Gaining a Strategic Advantage Over Competitiors Requires Innovative Of Information Technologies.

For Example: – Shop Management might Make a Decision To Instaall Touch Screne Kiosks In All Stores, With Links To Their E-commerce WebsiteFor Online Shopping.This Might Attract New coustmer And Build Coustemers Localty Because Of The Ease Of Shopping And Buying Merchandise Provide Products And Services That Give a Business a Comparative Advantage Over Its Rivals.

Q2: – & A ; gt ; Identify several basic competitory schemes and explicate how they can utilize information engineerings to comfront the competitory forces faced by a concern.

Ans.2

There Are Five Basics competitory Schemes

1.Cost Leadership Strategy.

2.Differentition Strategy.

3.Innovation Strategy.

4.Growth schemes.

5. Alliance schemes.

1.Cost Leadership Scheme: -A Low-cost ProDucer Of Products and Services In The Industry, Or Finding Ways To Help Its Suppliers OR Customers Reducee Thier Costs Or To increase The Costss Of their Rivals.

2.Differention Scheme: – Developing Wayss to Distinguish a fiems Products And service s from Its Competitiors Or Reduce The distinction Advantages of Competitiors. This May Be A Firm To Concentrate Its merchandises Or services To Give It an Advantage In Particular Sections Or Niches Of a Market.

3.Innovation Scheme: – happen The New Way Of Doing Buiseness.This May Involve The Development Of Unique Products And Service Or Entry Into UniqueMarkets Or Markket niches.It May Besides Involve Making Radial Changes To The Business Processes For Producing Or Distributing Products And Services That Are So Different From The Way a Business Has Been Conducted That They Allow The Cardinal construction Or An Industry.

4.Growth Scheme: – Significantly Expanding A company Capacity To Produce Goods and Servieces Expanding Into Global markets, Diversifing Into New Products And services, or Integrating Into Related Products And Services.

5.Alliance Strategies ; – Establish New Business Linkage And confederation With Coustemers, Suppliers, Competitiors, joint Ventures, forming Of “ practical companies ” or Other Marketing Manufacture Or DisTriBution understandings Between a Business And It Trading Pateners.

Q3: – & A ; gt ; Identify the major types and utilizations of micro-computer, midrange and mainframe computing machine systems?

Ans3.

The Major Types And Uses Of Micro-Computer, Midrange And AminFrame computing machine SystemsAre: –

1.Micro-computer: -It Is Most Important Categoty Of The Computer Systems For Business People And Consumers. Through Normally Called a Personel Computer, Or a Personal computer, A personal computer IS Much More Than A Small Computers for Use By An Individuals computing machines.

2. Mid Range: -Midrange computing machines Are High-End Network Srvers and Other Types Of Servers And Other Types Of waiters That can Manage The Large-scale Procesing Of Many Business Applications Throught Not Equally Powerful As Mainframe Computers They Are Less Costly To purchase Operate And Maintain Than mainframe systems, And Thus Meet The Computing Need OF Many Organizations.

3.Mainframe Systems: – Information technology IS The Large, Fasr And Powerful Computers systems.

For Example: – Mainframes ccccccccan Process Thousands Of Million direction Per Sec Mainframes can Besides Have Primary Storage Capacities.

Q4: – & A ; gt ; Outline the major engineerings and uses o computing machine peripherals for input, end product and storage?

Ans4.

The Major Tecnologies And Uses AComputer For Input Output And Storage Tecnologies is: –

Peripherals Is The Generric Name Given To All Input Output And Secondary Storage devices That Are The Part Of The Cpu Pheriperals Depend On Direct Connections Or Telecommunications Links To The Centerals Processing Unit Of a Computer Systems. All Pheriperials Are Online devices That Is They Are Separate From But Can Be Electronically Connected To Attend By The Cpu.

1.Moniters

2.PRINTERS

3.Scanners

4.Hard disc thrusts

5.CD And DVD Drives

6.Backup Systems.

Q5: – & A ; gt ; What tendencies are happening in the development and usage of the major types of computing machine systems?

Ans.5

Software. Computer package consists of two major types of plans: ( 1 ) application package that directs the public presentation of a peculiar usage, or application, of computing machines to run into the information processing demands of users, and ( 2 ) system package that controls and supports the operations of a computing machine system as it performs assorted information processing undertakings. Refer to Figure 4.2 for an overview of the major types of package.

i‚· Application Software. Application package includes a assortment of plans that can be segregated into all-purpose and application-specific classs. General-purpose application plans perform common information processing occupations for terminal users. Examples are word processing, electronic spreadsheet, and presentation artworks plans. Application-specific plans accomplish information processing undertakings that support specific concern maps or procedures, scientific or technology applications, and other computing machine applications in society.

i‚· System Software. System package can be subdivided into system direction plans and system development plans. System direction plans manage the hardware, package, web, and informations resources of a computing machine system during its executing of information processing occupations. Examples of system direction plans are runing systems, web direction plans, database direction systems, system public-service corporations, application waiters, and public presentation and security proctors. Network direction plans support and manage telecommunications activities and web public presentation telecommunications webs

Q6: – & A ; gt ; Explain the undermentioned footings:

( a ) DTP: -DTP Stands for Desktop Publishing And It Use to End Users And Organizations to Produce Thier Own Printed Materials That looks Professionally published That Is design and Print Their Own Newsletter, Brochures, Manuals, And BooksWith Several Type Styles, Graphics, Photos And colourss On Each Page.

( B ) Presentation Artworks: -It Helps To Convert Numeric Data Into Graphics shows such as Line Charts, Bar Graphs, pie Charts, And Many Other Types Of Graphics. Mostly Top Package Besides Helps U Prepare Multimedia Presentations OF Graphics, Photos, Animation, And Vidio Chlips Includind To The World Wide Web

( degree Celsius ) Software licensing: -A S/w Applications Is Purchased COTS Or Is accessed Via An ASP, The Software Must Be Licenced for Use Software Licence Is Complex Topic Which Involve Considerations Of The Specials features Of Software In The Context of The UnderLying Intellectual ProPerty Rights, Including Copyright, Trademark And Secrets As good As Traditionls Contracts Law Including Contract LawIncluding the Unigorm Commercial codification ( UCC ) .

( vitamin D ) Foray: -RAID Stands for Redundant Arrays Of Independent DisksThey Combines from 6 To More Then 100 Small Hard disks Drivers And Their Control MicroProcecessors Into A individual Unit. RAID Units ProVide Large Capacities With High one Speed Since Data are Accessed In Parallel Over Multiple Paths From Many Disks.

( vitamin E ) Application service suppliers: -It Is A Large And Fast Growing Number Of Companies Are Turning To Application service Providers Alternatively OF Developing OR Buying The Application Software They Need To Run Their Business Applications service Provides That Own Operate And Maintain ApplicationsSoftware And The Computer System ResourcesRequired To Offer The Use Of the applications Software For a Fee As a Sservice Over the Internet.

( degree Fahrenheit ) Programing linguistic communications: -It Is A Measure Catagory Of System Software They Require The Use Of Varity Off Programing Packages To Help Programmers Develop Computer Programs, And Language Translator Programs To change over Programming Language Instructions Into Machine codifications. The Five Main Major Levels Of Programing Langauges Are Machine lAnguages Assembler Languages, High-Level Languages, Fourth Generation Languages, And Object-Oriented Languages Oriented Languages Like Java and XML Are Being Widely Used Web Based Business Applications And Services.

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