The intention of this essay is not to agree or circumvent the tests, but to gradually explain procedures and happenings and to provide moral and at the same time entrepreneurial solutions for this case to seek an optimal performance and result. B. Case Study 1. Essential moral standards and norms This case will be generally discussing whether a rapid drug test method is morally acceptable or not for the country of India. In this part of the essay I will be generally explaining the moral standards and norms and look into the to different approaches, by giving a general overview of the theories.
Ethical codes or codes of conduct are a number of behaviours that can be applied in a variety of settings and contexts that may depend on the situation. It is necessary to differentiate between code of conduct, moral code and social norms. A code of conduct is a commitment to follow certain patterns or not to do so and to ensure that no one can circumvent this pattern to gain advantage. Moral principles occur in the business world, in different cultures and regions and of course, in almost every country in the world.
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One major theory, the one of “self-regulation”, implies that if essential moral standards and norms, fail to be put through, the system will self-regulate itself by having certain negative outcomes. In this case for example, it remains open to the company for the drug tests to be computed in India. However, according to the previously mentioned theory, in case of noncompliance with the rules, the “self-regulatory” process is induced1. This would result in 1 see Polanyi, K. (2001), The great transformation: The political and economic origins of our time 2 Intercultural
Business -? Case Study WS2012 bad press and the decline of the spin-off company BVVB AG. In contrast to the continuous action of a target process, or a process model is a framework that provides a set of actions sequences for a limited time, for example in connection with a change in management. Deontological ethics or deontology refers to a class of ethical theories to attribute the acts independently of its consequences is intrinsically good or bad. What matters is whether the act is under a mandatory provision and whether it can be done according to these commitments.
According deontological theories a distinction is usually within the consequentialist theories of ethics, not the view of the intrinsic nature of the act itself, but its consequences for moral relevance. Inside, there are various forms of deontology: concede banned while moderate deontologists consequences also a moral significance, certain moral absolutism in action in all circumstances, and regardless of the consequences. More than teleological ethics, when such acts are only the induced state without recourse to measure referred to motives or moral obligations.
Utilitarian ethics is such a model, but there are also efforts to expand the utilitarianism of the inclusion of motives. 2. The practical value of different economic ethics concepts In view of global crises such as the threat to the natural environment or the underdevelopment in the Third World (child labour, forced labour, catastrophic working conditions in the factories, etc. ) and numerous public and private sector scandals, moral issues are encountering widespread appeal. More and more people ask questions about the meaning and value of economic development.
Certainly due to such problem areas, the public awareness of ethical issues has grown. Ethics is not only an appropriate ground for discussions in times of crisis, but a requirement for sustainable and morally acceptable economics, without which a modern society is not armed for competitive and rapidly evolving global markets. How can there be a connection between research and ethics that is created with the same weighting of philosophical discipline and economic drive? Can ethics therefore serve as the basis and starting point for the application of operational considerations?
This theory of utilitarianism emphasizes the collective good, the individual no longer has meaning and a decision can be taken against him, even if he has to bring a disproportionately large sacrifice. Entrepreneurs often act because of the utilitarian theory, 3 Intercultural Business -? Case Study WS2012 first, because according to their decision sphere it seems reasonable, and secondly, because it matches the foreground with the traditional cost-benefit analysis of business: Happiness and values are maximized as profit and return on investment.
This would mean that I as a representative of BVVB AG, the best interest of the collective – should act as its own discretion – the company. John Rawls’ “A Theory of Justice” represents an important contribution to contemporary moral philosophy he criticizes utilitarianism, as it has no fundamental rights 2 . A comparison of benefits and rights is only possible if all have the same conditions and opportunities. According to the theory of justice should anyone have the maximum freedom without the other to curtail their freedom.