The stock list direction or stock list control refers to an effort to equilibrate stock list demands and demands with the demand to minimise costs ensuing from obtaining and keeping the stock list ( Inman, 2006 ) . The most of import aim of stock list control is to find and keep an optimal degree of plus in the stock list. Wise control of stock list is frequently a critical factor in the success of concerns in which stock lists are important. The end of stock list control is to be certain that optimal degrees of stock lists are available, that there are minimum stock outs, for illustration running out of stock, and that stock list is maintained in a safe topographic point and is ever readily accessible to the proper workers. Conventional stock list system requires manual intercession, which is labour intensive, clip consuming, and error-prone.
Presents, eating houses can be found everyplace. Food industry becomes one of the fastest growings in industries today. It is known to supply nutrient services and imbibing topographic points that sell nutrients and drinks, although the size of the constitution and the scope of nutrients, drinks, and services offered are vary. But, how they guarantee the handiness of their stocks in order to carry through the client ‘s orders? Most points in their stock list can be categorized as perishable points which mean lessening in value or serviceability of merchandise over clip due to the built-in features of merchandise, whereas obsolescence refers to loss in value of points. ( Chande, Hemachandra, Rangaraj and Dhekane, n.d. , p. 2 ) . Examples of such perishable points are fresh points, canned merchandises, dairy points, meats, and frozen points.
The stock list direction helps the eating house to make up one’s mind in progress on how to to the full use these points. If a eating house is acquiring supplies of minimal order measures, it may non be much of a job to shop and utilize them before the termination day of the month. Compare to a big sum of order measures, which need to be wary so that the storage room infinite is non overcrowded and all the points are optimum utilised.
This research involves developing a system paradigm focused on pull offing the stock lists which applies the engineering of RFID. The primary focal point is to assist and pull off the stock lists for efficient stocks commanding. This system will be implemented in a storage room of a eating house to replace the warehouse to demo the construct of tagging, tracking and look intoing of stock lists inside the storage. The mark users who are traveling to implement this system are those who have large eating house and transport out the daily operations of their stock stock list. Besides, the stock list direction system embedded with a computing machine equipped with customized database and outfitted with an RFID reader to supervise stock lists.
This stock list direction system which includes RFID reader will ease the trailing of objects, alternatively of traditional bar-code scanning engineering to maintain path of the points in the storage room. Primarily RFID is used for stock list trailing, to track points utilizing Electronic Product Code ( EPC ) that is alone identifier stored within a RFID ticket which contains a twine of Numberss and letters, dwelling of a heading and three sets of informations dividers. The first divider of EPC identifies the maker. The 2nd identifies the merchandise type ( stock maintaining unit ) and the 3rd is the consecutive figure unique to the point ( Association for Automatic Identification and Mobility, n.d. ) .
This system becomes cognizant of its contents and it is capable of set uping direct contact between the user ( individual who responsible to number stocks ) and the points. It will remind user if they are out of stocks of points in their storage or when stocks degrees go below some set bounds. Besides, it alerts user if there are stocks inside the stock list had passed their termination day of the month. As an stock list control tool, RFID can assist the eating house to wirelessly capture informations concerned with the motion and position of points inside the storage room.
1.2 Problem Statement
There are several issues aroused sing to maintain path of the stocks in conventional stock list direction. Some of the issues are:
In a big storage room of a large eating house, screening or picking activity is more clip consuming and subjected to mistakes.
The stock clerks may lose to take record of what points need to be ordered and lead to the state of affairs where points are out of stocks ( OOS ) , or they are in stock but can non be found.
Unpredictable clients present on a peculiar twenty-four hours which means more menu orders that can play a function in cut downing points handiness. However, other causes of OOS are more dependent on procedure conformity and information-sharing substructure between the retail merchant and the individual who responsible to do an points order ( IBM Canada Ltd. , 2007, p.18 ) .
Situation called shrinking may go on where a part of stock list may go unavailable to the proprietor of the eating house due to loss, harm larceny or spoilage. This may take to blow of cost.
Space is normally a critical factor in maintaining stock list. It is of import to hold adequate infinite to put the stocks and maintain the storage room from overcrowded ( The Decision Maker ‘s Direct, 2004, p.1 ) .
1.3 Aims of the Research
The aims of the research are:
To reexamine the engineering utilizing RFID towards better stock list direction.
To place the demands standards of the stock list direction system.
1.4 Significance of Research
Effective direction of an stock list direction calls for acquiring the right points at the right clip to the right topographic point and in the right status. Therefore, this research constructed an stock list system which intends to assist the proprietor of the eating house or the shop clerk modus operandi in forming their stock list become simpler and systematic. The RFID will enable to maintain accurate history of each point in the stock list so that the serialized day of the month are better stock list control, reduced loss, and improved client satisfaction. RFID enable automatic trailing in stock list ( Holloway, 2006 ) which helps the eating house for better safety and quality control of their points. Tracking system helps restaurant to insulate the beginning and extent of safety or quality control jobs. It besides means to avoid functioning the client with insecure or poor-quality points, which in bend reduces the potency for bad public dealingss and answerability. The better and more precise the trailing system, the faster the stock clerk can place and decide nutrient safety or quality jobs.
The range of this research will be concentrating on the undermentioned points:
Pull offing and placing the stock list of the stocks or points inside the stock list by utilizing the construct of RFID which is labeling, tracking and look intoing.
Features included in this system are adding new stocks, edit stocks, delete stocks, find stocks, stocks presentment, generate study of stocks every bit good as screening, printing and export the stock study.
Developing a paradigm with a windows-based signifier and physiques utilizing the Ocular Basic.Net ( VB.Net ) scripting linguistic communication. The external RFID device is used where the RFID tagging will do the checking of points quicker, more accurate and supply a database of information about each point. The database used in this system is Microsoft Access.
The chief users of this system will be the individual who is responsible to maintain path the stock list position of stocks inside the storage room such as stock clerk or order filler which they are responsible to number, fix and keep the stock records necessary to maintain points for stock list running swimmingly.
The degree of designation for RFID labeling utilizing in this system is pallet-level labeling. This degree of designation is of import because it depends on the restraints, for illustration the research worker decided non to use the item-level tagging, because in instance of the natural stock that is traveling to be processed or where the physical form of the stock is traveling to be changed, point degree tagging is non relevant.
2. Literature Reappraisal
Perishable goods present some of the biggest challenges for stock list direction due to a high figure of goods discrepancies, rigorous traceability demands, short life-time of the goods, temperature control in the stock list is needed, and the big volume of goods handled. At the same clip, new engineering allows new ways of commanding the stock lists. Technology such as RFID will enable an efficient disposal of both the measure and the age of the stock list in the system. RFID based informations gaining control system can assist to work out the jobs associated with the stock list control of stocks. This engineering is an emerging tendency in this field and is chiefly used for merchandise designation, aggregation and communicating of relevant informations. This research considers an RFID-based methodological analysis for stock list control of goods. The engineering besides helps in updating the stock list position in existent clip without merchandise motion, scanning or human engagement.
2.1 Inventory Control
Inventory control refers to Chande, Hemachandra, Rangaraj and Dhekane ( 2005, p. 448 ) which supervising the handiness of stuff, delegating it to demands that have arrived and puting orders for refilling of the merchandise. All these activities may non go on continuously, or even in all clip period. Inventory control is employed in the context of “ pull-based ” or replenishment-based systems where the trigger for puting an order is the current stock list position which in bend is related to the demand for points in recent periods. Inventory is a major investing in most of the companies. It strongly influences the internal flexibleness of the organisation, for illustration, by leting production degrees to alter easy and by supplying good bringing public presentation to the clients.
Inventory costs include working capital and storage infinite costs every bit good as costs to make with obsolescence, impairment and loss. In recent old ages, attending in the industry has concentrated on client demand-driven systems. In retailing, stock list direction efforts to supply high demands and high net incomes to the company every bit good as good services and fresh points to clients at low cost. Inventory theoretical accounts are normally used to find when and how much to order while optimising the overall organisational end, for illustration, maximising the net net income ( Chande et al. , 2005 ) .
Harmonizing to Deis ( 2006 ) , benefits of stock list direction can be reached by the usage of “ information engineering and the building of incorporate stock list information systems ” . Refering the usage of information systems ( IS ) to incorporate concern procedures across the stock list, assorted surveies have shown that an internal integrating should predate the external integrating with providers and clients ( Narasimhan & A ; Kim, 2001 ) .
2.2 Overview of RFID Technology
RFID uses wireless signals to interchange informations between a ticket ( besides known as a transponder ) and a read/write device ( normally called a reader or inquisitor ) . Tags consist of a radio bit and aerial that are housed in a label or other protective shell and attached to the point that is to be identified. The ticket may be active, which means it has a battery to power its ain transmittal, or passive, which transmits utilizing power received from the reader in the signifier of electromagnetic moving ridges ( Jones, Wyld, and Totten, 2005 ) ; Mennecke and Townsend, 2005, p. 4 ) .
Harmonizing to RedPrairie Corporation ( 2003 ) , the active tickets have longer read scopes doing them allow for plus direction and real-time location systems ( RTLS ) . Passive tickets have a shorter read scope and are smaller and less expensive than active tickets doing them the ticket of pick for most supply concatenation applications. The most common ticket types used in warehouse and distribution centre ( DC ) operations are inactive adhesive “ smart labels ” applied to instances and palettes. A typical smart label has an RFID ticket encoded within the label stuff, which is printed with text and saloon codification to back up bequest operations. Chips and aerial can besides be encased in more rugged tickets to supply lasting plus and location designation or withstand exposure to high temperatures, industrial dissolvers, impact, and other conditions that make saloon codification or other signifiers of informations aggregation impossible.
LXE Inc. ( n.d ) said that readers have antennas for directing and having signals, a processor for decrypting tag information, and may hold extra package for more advanced information processing. Antennas may be separate from the processor and connected by overseas telegram for extra arrangement and constellation flexibleness.
There are many types of RFID readers. The most common include nomadic readers integrated into hand-held computing machines or mounted on vehicles, and fixed place units, which are typically mounted at dock doors and conveyer lines.
2.2.1 Reading Features
RFID ‘s suitableness for usage in industrial environments is merely one of the properties that set it apart from saloon codification and other automatic designation and informations aggregation ( AIDC ) engineerings ( Bushnell, n.d. ) . One of the most important is that no direct line of site is required between the ticket and reader to interchange informations. This enables tickets to be read if they are non absolutely aligned with the reader, and even to be read through boxing stuff. Readers can besides place multiple tickets at the same time. Companies can take advantage of these properties to cut down labour demands with automatically triggered reads and unattended, high velocity reading processes. RFID tags offer secure, rewritable memory, which can be used to better visibleness, security and supply other advantages as stated by IBM Canada Ltd. ( 2007, p. 12 ) . Most RFID tickets are read/write, and many have memory that can be partitioned so that some parts ca n’t be changed ( such as a consecutive figure ) while other parts can be updated, with dealing histories, storage records, pureblood information or other variable informations. Harmonizing to Scassa Chiasson, Deturbide and Uteck ( 2005 ) , Electronic Product Code ( EPC ) of RFID engineering provides a standardised, alone consecutive figure for each RFID ticket. Many new stock list procedures are emerging to take advantage of unique, standardized and unafraid serialisation that EPC provides.
2.2.2 Frequencies and the EPC System
Frequency is one of the biggest variables impacting RFID scope and public presentation. Harmonizing to Holloway ( 2006 ) , about all RFID systems used for warehouse, distribution centre and supply concatenation applications operate on one of three major frequence households: 13.56 MHz high frequence, common for short scope ( up to about 1 metre ) reading ; 860- 960 MHz UHF, which includes the well-known EPC planetary Gen 2 criterion and provides scope of up to 20 pess ; and 2.45 GHz microwave transmittal, which is used in active tickets that provide long range reading ( Mennecke and Townsend, 2005, p. 6 ) , normally used for placing lading containers.
Between the three, Ultra High Frequency ( UHF ) engineering is by far the most common and best suited for the bulk of fabrication and logistics demands. High frequence ( 13.56 MHz ) engineering is widely used in other applications and is a feasible option for short-range applications. It is frequently promoted for point degree labeling, such as for merchandise hallmark and retail shelf direction ( Association for Automatic Identification and Mobility. n.d. ) . UHF engineering offers the scope, velocity, security and cost-efficient equipment that many stuff handling, warehouse and fabrication applications require. The EPC Gen 2 UHF criterion was created specifically to back up supply concatenation applications. EPC Gen 2 operates in the 860-960 MHz scope, so it can be used throughout the universe and poses no intervention hazard to IEEE 802.11- criterion radio webs ( although intervention is possible from older, 900 MHz radio LANs ) .
RFID can be used for many common warehouse and DC stock list direction operations, including receiving, set away, picking and transportation processs ( Frazelle, 2002 ) . RFID has high return on investing potency when applications take advantage of its reading characteristic to get the better of old restrictions or to enable new concern procedures. Indeed, points can be monitored and identified at procedure points where other signifiers of informations aggregation are impractical because of environmental or cost restrictions. Factor in the ability to encode alone, unafraid consecutive Numberss on tickets, and it begins to go clear how RFID can take to new degrees of visibleness in stock list and supply concatenation operations. It reduced stock list degrees, storage, managing, and logistics disbursals from the improved visibleness.
2.4 Sample of Case Studies utilizing RFID in Inventory Management
Following subtopic will discourse more about sample of instance surveies for stock list direction with RFID deployment.
2.4.1 R. MOROZ LTD. /ACTION TRAILER SALES – ASSET TRACKING/
Action Trailer Gross saless, a public-service corporation dawdler franchise with multiple locations in Canada, wanted to automatize its dawdler stock list system. In order to take an stock list of the 600 to 800 dawdlers at its chief storage pace, employees walked through the 25-acre batch composing down dawdler ID Numberss and locations, so manually entered them into a MicrosoftA® ExcelA® spreadsheet. The procedure was prone to mistakes and consumed several hours each twenty-four hours.
Action Trailer Gross saless holds more than 1,000 dawdlers on four tonss at its Mississauga, Ontario location. The company ‘s manual stock list system, used for day-to-day cheques at the largest dawdler pace, took excessively much clip and was frequently inaccurate. If an employee wrote down or entered the incorrect dawdler figure during this procedure, it made it hard to turn up dawdlers when they were needed. The company considered a saloon codification solution, but the rough conditions of the unfastened dawdler pace would hold rendered the labels indecipherable. R. Moroz Ltd. designed an machine-controlled system utilizing its ain package, 433 MHz Active RFID ticket from Wavetrend, and nomadic RFID readers. Trailer ticket are encoded utilizing a Wavetrend ticket scheduling device and a standard Personal computer. For rental units, these tickets are affixed to the forepart of the dawdler with a particular weatherproof plastic lodging. Dawdlers meant for sale have their tickets attached utilizing a removable plastic holder that hangs on the forepart of the dawdler, off from the metal surface.
To take a complete stock list, staff can now merely drive through the pace and read the RFID tickets utilizing a nomadic computing machine from Psion Teklogix to read and enter the dawdler Numberss. Datas from the nomadic computing machines is uploaded and integrated with Action Trailer ‘s stock list system utilizing package from R. Moroz.
Eliminated informations entry mistakes.
Increased stock list truth.
Saved two to three hours per twenty-four hours in labour.
Inventory procedure did non necessitate to be overhauled in order to utilize RFID.
2.4.2 INTERACTIVE LOT TECHNOLOGIES / HAVERTOWN
MITSUBISHI LOT TRACKING SYSTEM
Havertown Mitsubishi, a new auto trader in Havertown, Pennsylvania, was faced with three primary concern challenges. The franchise has two locations – its chief installation, which includes its salesroom and primary batch, and an overflow batch. With an extended stock list dispersed over the two tonss, Havertown Mitsubishi required an effectual vehicle tracking system to inform in real-time the presence and location of all autos in stock. Like many auto franchises, Havertown Mitsubishi was happening that turn uping a specific auto for a trial thrust by a prospective purchaser was taking a important sum of clip. It was non an unusual happening for the whereabouts of a vehicle to be unknown for yearss, resurfacing merely after monthly floor program inventory audits. These drawn-out holds in turn uping vehicles stalled test drive experiences and caused client exhilaration to decline, and resulted in lost gross revenues. In add-on, with the monthly floor program stock list audit, the franchise was frequently paying for vehicles which were audited by its fiscal establishment as sold when the vehicles were on the premises but were non located during the audit. Management besides wanted the ability to place autos that were most popular with clients and often prove driven, and 1s that were merely sitting on the batch bring forthing small client involvement.
To supply the accurate, real-time vehicle tracking capablenesss, Interactive Lot implemented Wavetrend ‘s active RFID-based system for stock list monitoring with Interactive Lot ‘s Web-based package. Wavetrend ‘s active RFID readers were installed at Havertown Mitsubishi ‘s chief installation and its off-site storage batch located three stat mis off. The reader webs are terminated at Serial/Ethernet modems to feed collected informations over the Internet to the company ‘s waiters.
Every vehicle come ining into stock list is fitted with a Wavetrend active RFID ticket encrypted with its alone identifying informations. The ticket remain attached to the vehicle for the continuance of its stay in stock list. Once a auto is sold and exits the stock list, its ticket is removed for reuse. Synergistic Lot developed and customized a package application for Havertown Mitsubishi to convey the consecutive information over the Internet, procedure it, and reassign it to the database. The system decision makers can so interact with the informations via the application specific graphical user interface.
Havertown Mitsubishi can bring forth legion direction studies that detail the motion and use of all vehicles, and tie in all actions to the staff members originating them. The system is to the full integrated with the auto franchise ‘s package to pull off the full operation, and receives real-time updates on all current and incoming stock lists. The real-time vehicle tracking system has given Havertown Mitsubishi a valuable direction tool to supply visibleness and information on all events related to the franchise ‘s largest investing – its stock list.
Decreased clip to turn up vehicles, taking to increased gross revenues and client satisfaction.
Real-time stock list visibleness, ensuing in improved batch direction, stock list rotary motion, handiness and decreased floor program stock list audit charges.
Enhanced security by instant presentment of unauthorised issue and other selectable presentments such as tamping bar, losing plus ticket, and low ticket battery qui vives, every bit good as usage presentments.
Reporting and historical informations on figure and length of trial thrusts, enabling the monitoring of client vehicle penchants and staff public presentation.
2.4.3 FREIGHTLINER CONTROLS INVENTORY “ CHOKE POINTS ”
WITH MOTOROLA RFID
Business Challenge: Automate Inventory Tracking To Improve Accuracy and Efficiency
Like many modern makers, Freightliner faces changeless force per unit area to better the efficiency and truth of its resource handling in order to better control fabrication costs. The Freightliner direction squad, headed by Plant Automation Project Manager Louis Fleischer, was looking for a manner to streamline the trailing of parts motion from stock list to the mill floor in the Portland works.
Solution: Automate Parts Tracking In And Out Of the Warehouse
Once the survey had defined Freightliner ‘s procedure demands, the concern instance for an RFID solution was easy established and solution development began. Compsee and System Concepts recommended an machine-controlled RFID solution utilizing:
Motorola advanced RFID hardware solutions integrating the XR400 series of RFID readers and the AN series of industrial aerials at each portal.
Metal saddle horse RFID tags attached to the jerks. The tickets were encoded with the EPC Standards ‘ Global Returnable Asset Identifier ( GRAI ) format that is intended for assignment to single objects and is the corporate criterion for tote/tug designation.
A paper RFID 4 ” ten 6 ” smart label attached to each carryall ( one on the side and one on the forepart ) to supply as much ticket exposure as possible to the scanning portals. The GRAI format was besides used for these tickets.
System Concepts ‘ TraxWareA® Software Suite. These modular package merchandises were specifically developed for usage in RFID applications in Manufacturing and Industrial Control, Asset Tracking and EPC/DoD Compliance chances. The package readily integrates with Motorola ‘s RFID hardware.
Freightliner supplied pressmans and System Concepts package connected to the SQL database for receipt minutess.
Labor costs associated with stock list control are down significantly
Reduce the stock list pick mistakes and miss-ships
Production lines receive seasonably and right parts.
3. Research Methodology
The methodological analysis that has been used in this survey consists of four stages and will hold its ain activities and deliverables which being followed carefully to guarantee this research achieved all the needed Scopess and aims. The four stages are:
Problem Identification and Planning
The current jobs are studied decently because it provides the context for this research survey and typically generates inquiries which the research expect to reply. After clearly understand the job statement, the ends and aims of this research survey are established.
A combination of primary beginnings and secondary beginnings are provided for this research. Primary beginnings of information are from informal interview. Information from the Internet and calculating magazines, contribute as a secondary beginnings.
The demands which is RFID specifications and its features that being used together with the stock list direction are documented in Software Requirement Specification ( SRS ) that covered Use Case Diagram, Class Diagram and Sequences Diagram, constructed utilizing Rational Rose tool. These demands will be used subsequently as a mention during the remainder of the undertaking development and therefore, need critical thought of precise, brief and fixed of demands analysis.
The system paradigm is built harmonizing to the stated demand specifications. It is important to do certain that the system is compatible with the platform and hardware including the RFID device which is used to observe the alone consecutive figure points and shop it in the database. Therefore, during the development, this stock list system is ensured to get by with the RFID device specification. Development of this system prototype involved the utilizations of Ocular Basic.Net scripting linguistic communication and Microsoft Access as the database. At the terminal of this stage, the 2nd aim which is to verify and formalize the demands of stock list direction by showing the paradigm of the stock list system is achieved and the system wholly delivered.
Presently, the advancement of this research is at requirement analysis degree where the functional demands of the stock list direction are identified.
4. Analysis and Findingss
The presentation of findings is concise and sufficient inside informations as it followed the research methodological analysis that has been constructed decently and the information has been collected carefully. Data assemblage procedure was covered on stock list direction system every bit good as the engineerings applications of RFID in dealingss to public presentation and informations unity. As a consequence of on-line magazine, diaries, articles, mention excavation, library hunts, speaking and interview to expert, the research worker came out with findings which contain information on scope of fluctuations.
4.1 Issues in Inventory Management
Interview session had been done with the individual who has experience in managing stock list direction and familiar with the written processs sing buying, receiving, review, and managing stocks. The interview session was conducted with Operation Manager of Shakey ‘s Pizza, Mr. Ahmad Tajul Ruslee Termizi ( refer appendix – sample interview inquiries ) . From the interview, the outline of common jobs in pull offing stock lists being identified as shown in Table 1.
Table 1. Issues and Common Problems in Inventory Management of
Shakey ‘s Pizza Sdn. Bhd.
Identified Problems Covering with Stock
Identified Problems Covering with Stock Record Keeping
The manner of
Human errors/ treating mistakes in numbering stocks
Stock being recorded in paper signifiers
Use separate signifiers for each stock
The manner to recover information
Count the stock by physically traveling into stock room
Sorting/ picking stock is subjecting to mistakes and clip consuming
Take out papers in closet, registering cabinet, and files
Find and look into one by one of each stock to update the record
Each stock has its ain class and demand to be decently labeling
May girl to put them into different country status
Checking each stock compared against a list of stocks in signifiers
Mark one by one
Space of storage
More stocks, more infinite country to put the stocks
Stockroom becomes overcrowded
All paper signifiers are kept in detached labeling files
More paper signifiers, more files, more infinite country to put them
Waste resources and cost
The manner of stock list monitoring
Part of stocks become shrink because:
Stockss get spoiled before being used
Need to retrieve and look into termination day of the month in paper signifier for each stock
Make non recognize if stocks are being stolen.
4.2 Functional Requirements of the System
Based on the Table 2, the activity, entities, properties and procedures for the system are identified. These inside informations are approximately identified from the interview. It provides an image of the system demands that need to be fulfilled. The Stock entity shops all the needed information about stocks and this entity straight connected with the Vendor entity. The Vendor merely contains information about Company Name and Id. The research worker did non advert tonss about Vendor because this entity is simply extra information to stocks and it is non the chiefly focal point in this system while Admin entity shops the records on user hallmark which include username and watchword. The application of these entities, properties, and operations is discussed farther in this chapter.
Table 2. Functional Requirements
A ) Manage Stock Records
1. Adding new record of stocks
2. Updating stock records
3. Delete stock records
4. Find current stocks in
5. View stock information
6. Print stock information
B ) Vendor Information
1. View Vendor ‘s Company Name
C ) System User
1. Authenticate user
2. Make new user
3. Change user watchword
The purpose of this paper is to give overview of demands in stock list direction with the RFID deployment. The jobs in forming stocks in conventional stock list direction were identified before supplying the solution. In the conventional stock list system, it is still utilizing the manual manner of stock list records – Numberss of paper signifiers are being used, files need to be labeling to distinguish each paper stock signifiers and when these records acquiring addition, the filing cabinet usage for hive awaying them need to be added. Therefore, understanding with the true facts of the current state of affairs had been developed in order to put this capable research in context.
A set of processs that consist of several stages is implemented to demo the work flow during this research. It started with job designation and planning stage, so demand assemblage, demand analysis, and in conclusion is prototype stage. Each of these stages plays an of import function that is good designed to bring forth a good research.
This paper discussed about two aims that have been achieved throughout the research undertaking. The first aim achieved is to reexamine the engineering utilizing RFID towards better stock list direction. Second, the demands standards of the stock list direction system were identified. This research intends to go on showing a paradigm of Inventory Management System based on the functional demands of stock list.
Finally, this paper hopes to be good and contributes to the practician every bit good as the research worker in implementing RFID in stock list direction. Therefore, for future research, farther survey in execution procedure and empirical survey in selected Malaysia nutrient industry to warrant the execution stock list direction utilizing RFID in Malaysian context.
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