James A. Garfield Essay, Research Paper
JAMES A. GARFIELD
James A. Garfield was born in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, in 1831. His
father died in 1833, when Garfield was merely two old ages old and so his female parent
had to transport on working the household farm by herself. With the decease of his
male parent, the household experience into poorness. Even though they had really small money,
his female parent made certain that her kids went to the vicinity school to acquire
a good instruction. He belonged to the Desciples of Christ Church.
While turning up, James drove canal boat squads, and earned plenty
money to foster his instruction at college. He attended Western Reserve
Eclectic Institute at Hiram, Ohio, and was graduated from Williams College
in 1856. He returned to Western Eclectic Institute and became a classics
professor. Subsequently, he became the president of the College.
In 1858, he was married to Lucretia Rudolph and had seven childs.
Eliza, Harry, James, Mary, Irvin, Abram, and Edward.
James Garfield was an advocator for slaveless rules and shortly
became a protagonist of the freshly organized Republican Party. And in 1859,
he was elected to the Ohio Legislature. During the sequence crisis, he
advocated haling the splintering provinces back into the Union.
During the Civil War, he helped to enroll the 42nd Ohio Volunteer
Infantry and became the foot & # 8217 ; s colonel. He fought at Shiloh in April 1862,
served as a head of staff in the Army of the Cumberland, saw action at
Chickamauga in September of 1863.
When the Union triumphs had been few in 1862, he successfully led a
brigade at Middle Creek, Kentucky, against Confederate military personnels. And in
1862, at the age of 31, he became brigader general, merely to be made a major
general in 1863.
Meanwhile, in 1862, he was elected by fellow Ohioans to The United
States House of Representatives. He was persuaded by President Lincoln to
vacate his ground forces occupation and remain in Congress. Said Lincoln, & # 8220 ; It is easier to happen
major generals than to obtain effectual Republicans for Congress. & # 8221 ; Garfield
held his House place for 18 old ages by winning repeated elections and became
the prima Republican in the House. As Chairman of the House commission
on Appropriations, he became an expert on financial affairs. He besides advocated
a high protective tarriff, and sought a house policy of Reconstruction for the
South. In 1880, he was elected to the United States Senate.
At the Republican Convention in 1880, he failed to win the Presidential
nomination for his friend, John Sherman, but became the & # 8220 ; dark Equus caballus & # 8221 ;
campaigner on the 36th ballot.
In November 1880, he became the twentieth President, winning with a
10,000 ballot margain over the Democratic rival, General Winfield Scott
As president, he strengthened Federal authorization over the New York
Customss House, the fastness of Senator Conkling. He named Conkling & # 8217 ; s
arch-rival, William H. Robertson, to run the Customs House. This opinion was
contested, but Garfield would non endorse down. & # 8220 ; This will settle the inquiry
whether the President is registering clerk of the Senate or the Executive of the
United States. & # 8221 ;
Garfield & # 8217 ; s presidential calling came to an disconnected terminal on July 2, 1881, in
a Washington railway station when he was shot by Charles Guiteau, merely
four months into Garfield & # 8217 ; s presidential term. For 80 yearss the president lay ailment
and performed merely one functionary act, the sign language of an extradiction paper.
Alexander Graham Bell tried to happen the slug in Garfield & # 8217 ; s organic structure with a
metal sensor, but was unsuccessful at turn uping it, because Garfield was
puting on a mattress with metal springs. He was taken to New Jersey and
seemed to be recovering but died on September 19, 1881 from an infection
and internal hemmorage.
In my sentiment, Garfield wasn & # 8217 ; t much of a president, entirely on the fact
that he merely spent four months in office and ne’er had a opportunity to make
anything great or stupid.