Jose Rizal

April 29, 2018 Teaching

?1. Causes and symptoms of the Social Cancer depicted in the novels–Noli & El Fili Abuses of the friars and civil guards Corruption in the government Defective educational system Hypocrisy, apathy of some Filipinos and decadence of social order 2. List the statements/ expressions of nationalism from the novels. Be able to explain in your own interpretation. 3. Who are the present day counterparts of the following characters: Ibarra, Simon, Elias, Sisa (symbol for? ), Kabesang Tales, Padre Damazo, Maria Clara 4. What were Rizal’s blueprints for nation building found in the novels?

Promotion of national consciousness Vital role of education Need to instill native pride and dignity for us to progress Reorientation and promotion of correct values and attitudes Willingness to sacrifice for the country The Poet 1. Sight instances when Rizal’s strong sense of cultural pride is reflected in his poetry. Our Mother Tongue Love of Country- we must love motherland and as Fil should sacrifice ourselver for country A Remembrance for My Town- don’t forget where we came from and cultures/values 2. Sight 1 poem where Rizal’s nationalism is expressed and why?

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Rizal wrote the poem entitled “Sa aking mga Kababata” or in english “To my Fellow Youth” when he was eight years old. This poem had a strong sense of nationalism expressing Rizal’s love for our own language. He emphasized the significance and the usage of our mother tongue. Mother tongue was the language we learned since birth (which was Filipino). It gave us a sense of identity. Language could not only be our way to communicate but it also served as the reflection of our culture. Rizal also highlighted on this poem that all languages were equal in terms of its significance and usage.

Filipino language like other languages had its own alphabet and words. The values and attitude that still valid and usable today is we should be more proud of our nationality and identity, and by enriching our language we could show our sense of pride as Filipinos. 3. Sight 1 poem where Rizal manifested his love for nature and why? The poem In Memory of My Town. Jose Rizal spoke of his childhood days in Calamba, Laguna in this nostalgic poem. Rizal had the happiest and most beautiful memories of the place, the hospitality and friendliness as well as the industry of the people of Calamba.

Those memories were influential in molding of his character and intelligence. It talks about the the extreme feeling of rizal towards the love for his birthplace or his hometown. He addresses the place as his best for he feels more at home and himself My first Inspiration- Harmony in nature, ever flowing happiness from his mom and Love that he discovers 4. What values and attitudes found in the poems are still valid and applicable today, why? Rizal’s patriotism and love for his country are examples of values and attitudes that are still applicable today.

His devotion for his mother land, shown in his poems “our mother tongue” and “to the Philippine youth” are examples of values that are still in practice for most filipinos today. These values and attititudes towards our country are still widely seen today due to patriotism and sense of “bayanihan” for filipinos where we do help each other in order for our whole country to succed. These sense of of love for our country are all rooted on us, on how we speak, how we value our achievements and how we collaborate to each other for the sake of our whole country. 1. Sense of freedom 2. love for country 3.

Importance of education 5. Why is Mi Ultimo Adios considered as the last will and testament of Rizal? Mi Ultimo Adios is considered as the last will and testament of Rizal because this poem contains all of his farewells and wishes after his death. Although other final letters of Rizal, to his family and to Paciano also contains his personal farewell and will, and in Paciano’s letter he wrote: “Now that I am about to die, at it is to you that I dedicate my last lines, to tell you how sad I am to leave you alone in life, burdened with the weight of my family and our old parents…. I assure you, brother that I am

innocent of this crime of revolution…” and in a letter to his family he wrote,” Bury me in the ground. Place a stone and cross over it. My name, the date of my birth, and of my death. Nothing more. If later you wish to surround my grave with a fence, you can do also, no anniversaries. I prefer PaangBundok. Have pity on poor Josephine. ” But these letters were considered personal, and these letters are only for his family. But Mi Ultimo Adios is actually the last masterpiece of Rizal where he fully expressed his feelings through symbols, wherein his will for his country and his men is written.

This is where his wishes for us can be found, although it is not literally expressed in the lines, but one should understand it deeply. The sixth stanza of the poem describes the image of Rizal’s grave being forgotten someday. He does not say here that he wants monuments, streets, or schools in his name, just a fond kiss and a warm breath so he could feel he is not forgotten. In the eighth stanza line 3, he wrote the reason for us to remember why he died – for the redemption of the country.

He wants to hear a prayer in the still evening, and it will make him rest in peace in God’s hands. In the last line, he repeats that “In Death there is rest! ” which means that he, being ready to be executed, is happy to die in peace. After all, everything is written in this poem-his last will and testament contains our demand of faith to God, to remember the reason behind his death, to remember the people who sacrificed their lives for the country, to remember his works, and finally, to be free from slavery.

It is his last will and testament to all Filipinos, and not just to his family and friends. The Romanticist 1. What influenced the romanticism of Rizal? Admiration of German women, valued education, knowledge, intellect. Diligent, hardworking, active, kind-hearted, friendly 2. What caused the failure of the love affairs of Rizal? Love for country was stronger, puts others before himself The Economist and Political Analyst 1. what were Rizal’s economic ideas that are still valid and applicable for today’s economic development building of schools of craft and trade

encouragement of agriculture and commerce (farmer’s coop) 2. what were the political ideas of Rizal? Are they still valid and relevant if applied today? poop democratic govt is established for the welfare of the people. listening to the people is a necessity to understand what the needs of the people are 3. what were Rizal’s moral teaching that can be integrated to our attitude and values formation today courage compassion 3. industry justice honor honesty fruitfulness tolerance morality should be taught to the people by the example of one’s experiences.


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