The Federal Bureau of Investigation paths four discourtesies slaying. physical colza. robbery. and aggravated assault in its Violent Crime Index. The juvenile apprehension rate for each of these discourtesies has been worsening steadily since the mid-1990s. The slaying rate fell 70 % from its 1993 extremum through 2001 ( Snyder. 2003 ) .
Statisticss: Research has shown that offenses committed by juveniles are more likely to be cleared by jurisprudence enforcement than offenses committed by grownups. The clearance informations in the Crime in the United States series show that the proportion of violent offenses attributed to juveniles by jurisprudence enforcement has declined in recent old ages. The proportion of violent offenses cleared by juvenile apprehensions grew from about 9 % in the late eightiess to 14 % in 1994 and so declined to 12 % in 2001. ( Snyder 2003 ) .
Cleared Proportions: The juvenile proportion of cleared physical colzas peaked in 1995 and so fell. with the 2001 proportion still above the degrees of the late eightiess. The juvenile proportion of robbery clearances besides peaked in 1995 at 20 % and fell well by 2001 to 14 % . but was still above the degrees of the late eightiess at 10 % . The juvenile proportion of aggravated assault clearances was at 12 % in 2001 and was somewhat below its extremum of 13 % in 1994. This was still well above the degrees of the late eightiess. The proportion of Property Crime Index discourtesies cleared by juvenile apprehensions in 2001 was below all but 2 old ages in the 1980s and 1990s. ( Snyder 2003 ) Drug Discourtesies: The text highlights an overall addition in the rate of drug discourtesies every bit good as simple assaults sum juveniles.
After reappraisal of arrest statistics. the determination were that jurisprudence enforcement bureaus made an estimated 202. 500 apprehensions of immature people for drug maltreatment misdemeanors in 2001. Of those 202. 500 arrests a drug maltreatment misdemeanor is seen to be the most serious. There was a diminution in juvenile apprehensions for slaying between 1992 and 2001. During this clip period there were a big figure of additions as good though. Statistics showed 51 % motor vehicle larceny and 40 % burglary. There was besides a major addition in juvenile apprehensions for drug maltreatment misdemeanors at a 121 % . ( Snyder 2003 ) . Simple assault increased between the early 1980s and the late 1990s which was more than 150 % between 1983 and 1997. This rate fell 7 % between 1997 and 2001.
Apprehensions of Females: Apprehensions of females for assorted discourtesies are increasing more than the apprehensions of males. and the overall juvenile apprehension rate for simple assault in 2001 remained near its all-time high. ( Snyder 2003 ) . Of the juvenile apprehensions reported in 2001 females accounted for 23 % of those apprehensions for aggravated assault and 32 % of juvenile apprehensions for other assaults. Females besides appeared to be the taking sex in respects to runaway misdemeanors. Females were involved in 59 % of all apprehensions for running off from place. Apprehensions for curfew and lounging jurisprudence misdemeanors were reported at 31 % for female juveniles. Females accounted for 23 % of juvenile apprehensions for aggravated assault and 32 % of juvenile apprehensions for other assaults ( i. e. . simple assaults and bullyings ) in 2001. Females were involved in 59 % of all apprehensions for running off from place and 31 % of apprehensions for curfew and lounging jurisprudence misdemeanors. ( Snyder 2003 ) Violent Arrests of the Races: The text points out that the disparity in violent offense apprehension rates for black juveniles and white juveniles declined well between 1980 and 2001.
In 2001 the juvenile population was comprised of 78 % white. 17 % black. 4 % Asian/Pacific Islander. and 1 % American Indian. Violent offense statisticsshowed that 55 % involved white young person. 43 % involved black young person. 1 % involved Asiatic young person. and 1 % involved American Indian young person. The consequences for belongings offense apprehensions were 68 % white young person. 28 % black young person. 2 % Asiatic young person. and 1 % American Indian young person. Between 1980 through 2001 black-to-white disparity in juvenile apprehension rates for violent offenses show a lessening. The black juvenile Violent Crime Index arrest rate was 6. 3 times the white rate in 1980 and in 2001 ; the rate disparity had declined to 3. 6. The decrease in apprehension rate were chiefly due to the diminution in black-to-white apprehension disparities for robbery. which was greater than the diminution for aggravated assault.
The mentality for the juvenile offense rate is unsure as there are many factors which will impact those concluding Numberss. One thing is for certain and that is that the population is projected to turn throughout the county at a rapid gait. The figure of juveniles age 11 through 17 ; the ages of juveniles responsible for 99 % of juvenile apprehensions will increase in the following decennary. This will finally do a spike in juvenile discourtesies and arrest Numberss.
Snyder. H. ( December 2003 ) . U. S. Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Juvenile Justice Bulletin. Juvenile Arrests 2001. Retrieved July 24. 2008. from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. ncjrs. org/pdffiles1/ojjdp/201370. pdf