The Nineteenth Century’s most influential socialist thinker, Karl Marx (1818-1883), came up with one of the three major perspectives of Sociology, which is Conflict Theory. Marx was brought up in a good family and traveled quit a bit throughout his life. All this travel and interaction with many influential members of the areas he visited allowed him to develop many theories including conflict theory, which is basically the battle of the social classes.
Karl Marx was born Karl Heinrich Marx in Trier Germany, on May 5, 1818, to a “comfortable middle-class family”. According to various sources, Marx came from two long lines of rabbis, but his father was baptized as a Protestant in order to maintain his job as a lawyer in respected Tier. Marx began his journey through the different studies of various theories and ideologies at the age of sixteen when he enrolled in the Faculty of Law at the University of Law in Bonn. A year later he was sent to “the more serious” University of Berlin.
From there, Marx moved on to become a Young Hegelian, a journalist/editor in Cologne (Oct. 1842), formed a life-long friendship/ partnership with Friedrich Engels(1820-1895), who influenced Marx’s research, theories and ideologies, in France, where he helped in editing “Deutsch-Franzosische Jahrbucher” & began writing about his political views in the “Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts” (published 1930’s). In late 1844 Marx and Engels were expelled from Paris and continued his journey to various other parts of Europe.
Through out his journeys Marx came to write &/or participate in different writings such as: The German Ideology, The Poverty of Philosophy, The Communist Manifesto, the Neue Rheinische Zeitung, The Class struggles in France, & The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte, amongst many other literary works. Due to various health issues, Marx’s passed away on March 14, 1883, after losing his wife and eldest daughter, and was buried at Highgate Cemetery in North London.
His long-time close friend, Engel, wrote in his eulogy, three days after Marx’s death, as follows: “On the 14th of March, at a quarter to three in the afternoon, the greatest living thinker ceased to think. He had been left alone for scarcely two minutes, and when we came back we found him in his armchair, peacefully gone to sleep — but for ever. An immeasurable loss has been sustained both by the militant proletariat of Europe and America, and by historical science, in the death of this man.
The gap that has been left by the departure of this mighty spirit will soon enough make itself felt” -Friedrich Engels (1883) Works Cited •”Conflict theory – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. ” Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N. p. , n. d. Web. 23 Sept. 2011. . •”Karl Marx, 1818-1883. ” The History Guide — Main. N. p. , n. d. Web. 23 Sept. 2011. . •”Karl Marx: Conflict Theory – College Essay – Kcleezard. ” Free Term Papers, Research Papers, Essays, Book Reports | OPPapers. com. N. p. , n. d. Web. 23 Sept. 2011. .