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December 26, 2017 General Studies

Placement Language and Composition 25 August 2014 1984 Essay In the novel “1984” written by George Orwell the main character, Winston Smith, states that one man can control another by “making him suffer” (266). The Party in this novel is able to maintain control over its citizens by making them suffer both mental and physical torture. The mental torture of party members is very present throughout this novel.

In this futuristic setting, a new language, Newsweek, is in the making with the goal of impolitely eliminating even the possibility of rebellious thinking. Winston companion Same explained how Newsweek will “make thought crime impossible, because there will be no words in which to express it. ” (52). This mental torture will eventually cause the outer party members to become drones who fulfill every need of the inner party without question due to the elimination of free thought. Another example of mental torture is the taleteller’s found everywhere that watches every citizen’s move.

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While terrified that he was being inspected by a member of the Thought Police, Winston made sure to not commit a crime called “affective”; which was “to wear an improper expression on your face… ” (62). This fear of committing affective virtually banned any express of emotion. Another form of mental torture was the banning of intercourse. While pondering the idea that chastity and party loyalty were directly connected, Winston wondered how The Party could ” [bottle] down some powerful instinct and [use] it as a driving force” (132).

The Party takes away man’s natural sexual instinct to reproduce by banning intercourse, but also takes away family by turning the children into their own personal spies. Children often turning in their own parents for crime serve as another tool for The Party to spy on its citizens, mentally torturing party members with absolutely no place to themselves. Another form of torture the Party frequently uses is physical torture. When in the Ministry of Love, Winston was constantly being beat.

While a guard truck his elbow, Winston thought that “nothing in the world was so bad as physical pain” (239). Also while in the Ministry, O’Brien had forced Winston to look in the mirror. He described his reflection as “a bowed, gray-colored, skeletons thing” (271). The Party used physical torture like beatings to eradicate all hope and spirit of rebellion from criminal’s minds. Lastly, in order to force Winston to betray his love interest, Julia, O’Brien used his greatest fear against him. Winston describes the tats as “starving brutes… Hat will leap onto your face and bore straight into it”(285). This use of Winston greatest fear forced him to betray Julia, having his fate of death by rats given to her. The Party in the novel “1984” written by George Orwell used various methods to keep their citizens in line and following all directions given to them by the party. Methods of mental and physical torture such as beatings and eliminating free thought were used in order for the Party to exert true and ultimate power over its people.


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