In our personal life, there is a lot of changes happening too and cession to be made for our own self. Experience: In the first tutorial with Mr.. Hugo, the most interesting part of the day was building an egg tower for a pen holder with papers and paper carton. However, in the end, the tower was not only to hold a pen, but also staple, a mug of sugar, even a bottle of water. All towers built are definitely able to hold the pen and staple, but not all are able hold the mug of sugar and bottle of water. This activity has given me an insight to think critically and think further without narrowing the imagination.

Reflection:A right decision is made with critical thinking, no matter in repressions field or in personal life. This gives me an insight to think more, think deeper, and think out of the box, to have deeper understanding in every decision made, no matter at where. An interesting quote for Critical Thinking. Source: Quote WAP via phone APS Source: Stella Cottrell (2005) Critical Thinking Skills. Palaver Macmillan. Theme 2 -? Change Thoughts: Change is all around and happening every minute, a successful organization is the one responsive to change aggressively.

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In order to survive and stay competitive in this changing world, organization has to be adaptive and react promptly to the change. Organization change requires management and employee’s cooperation, and it is not easy get people to change. People tend to act defensive, give passive response, feel offensive, reluctant, etc, when get pulled out from their comfort zone. An effective leader in leading changes, should proceed critical thinking, should have a well planned changing process, should have emotion intelligence when dealing with resistance to change behavior, etc.

For an effective changing process, a well planned changing process should applies Lintiest and Pollen’s Stages in Planned Change, John Cotter’s Approach to Implementing Organizational Change, N Nab’s Tips for Managing Resistance to Change and Linen’s Model of Change. An emotional intelligence leader should have deep understanding in Subtler – Rose’s Cycle of Grief, to monitor and to be responsive to negative energy or resistance to change. Feelings: Change is every. Rehire, people who adapted to change are the people who proceed with growth, and people who have refused to change are always left behind by others.

Experience: Base on an exercise given by Dry Hugo, Understand Power and Change Dynamic. We have separated into three groups, the top management group, the middle management group, and the bottom group for an deduction workforce and reorganization process. This is an interesting activity, where we can see and feel resistance to change and negative energies from the bottom group. In this process, it makes me have a clearer picture of the importance of managing change and how the fundamental theories come into the picture.

Reflection: Adapting to changes is necessary to stay competitive no matter for organization or personal. Meanwhile, it also gives me insights of how to manage change, how to cope with change and important of emotional intelligent. An interesting video for Change. Source: DownloadsAn Ever Changing World Youth. Fly Please double click to view the video. Lintiest and Pollen’s Stages in Planned Change I 1. Recognize the need for change 2. Diagnose organizational readiness for change and likely effects | 3. Identify likely sources of resistance I 4. Set overall goals and vision for change I 5.

Educate and enthuse people about change, giving special emphasis to (3) 6. Get Involvement 7. Identify specific change targets 8. Clarify and decide on specific change approaches/techniques | 9. Implement change I 10. Support change (pick up the disaffected early, re-energies the change agents) | 11. Evaluate change Source: Based on N Nab. 10 Tips for Managing Resistance to Change. Bright Hub. John Cotter’s Approach to Implementing Organizational Change I What to Do to Ensure Effective Implementation of Channel Stage 1: Ensure that people feel an urgent need of change.

Stage 2: Get the right people involved to lead change. I Stage 3: Create a new strategic vision. I Stage 4: Make sure the new vision is effectively communicated. Stage 5: Empower a board group of change agents. I Stage 6: Successfully pull off short-term victories. Stage 7: Consolidate the victories and go after more changes. I Stage 8: Solidify the change in the organizational culture. I Source: Based on Cotter, John P. 1996. Leading change. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press. N Nab’s Tips for Managing Resistance to Change I .

Developing a Mindset for Change I 2. Effective Change Management Techniques I 3. End Obstacles I 4. Micro-Management I 5. Ending Uncertainties I 6. Training and Development 7. Carrot and Stick Policy 8. Design Appropriate Rewards as Motivators I Managing Emotional Aspects Of Change 9. 10. Benchmarking I Source: Based on Linen’s Model of Change. Theme 3 – Leadership and Transformational Leadership Thoughts: Leadership is a wide topic and has plenty of definitions from different people, because different people interpreted it differently.

However from all those definitions, they are having a same concept for leadership, which I think is; “Leadership is a process whereby an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal. ” (Northerners, 2007) A successful leadership is relaying on intelligence of an individual who is leading, and the basic five intelligences a leader should have are, cognitive intelligence, spiritual intelligence, emotional intelligence, moral intelligence ND behavioral skills (Gill, 2006). Today’s, everybody is talking about new leadership; transformational leadership.

Transformational leadership is a leadership style that creates valuable and positive change in the followers. Transformational leaders are generally energetic, .NET Asiatic and passionate, and consist of four major components; intellectual stir elation, individualized consideration, inspirational motivation and idealized influence. Feelings: A successful leadership is when a group of individuals has selected the right individual, who has multiple intelligences and willing to lead them to Roth.

Transformational leadership is a good fundamental that I would like to adapt and practice throughout my career life. Experience: In a group discussion of leadership, we have selected pictures of leaders and discussed different kind of leaderships. There are course mates who had selected picture of animal like wolfs and penguins instead of human leader. It gives me a deeper thinking on nature of leadership, is leadership born naturally or by learning? After thinking, my answer would be NO. Leadership is neither born naturally nor relaying with learning itself, it is mix of both.

Leaders aren’t born – at least not full-blown. Neither are they made like instant coffee. Instead they are slow brewed. ” (Betty & Betty, cited in Posits, 1998: 71) Reflection: A good leadership is not born naturally, but it is mix with multiple intelligence, continuous learning, gaining personal experience, and ability to adapt to changes. Definitions of Leadership I Leadership is exercised when persons mobile institutional, political, psychological and other resources so as to arouse, engage and satisfy the motives of followers. Burns, 1978) | Leadership is about articulating visions, embodying values and creating the environment within which things can be accomplished. (Richards & Engle, 1 986) | Leadership is a process of giving purpose (meaningful direction) to collective effort and causing willing effort to be expended to achieve purpose. (Jacobs & Jacques, 1990) | Leadership is the process of making sense of what people are doing together so that people will understand and be committed. Drat & palls, 1 994) Leadership is the ability of an individual to influence, motivate and enable others to contribute toward the effectiveness and success of the organization. House et al. , 1990) | Gill’s Five Intelligences Underlying Leadership Cognitive Intelligence The ability to perceive and understand information, reason with it, imagine possibilities, use intuition and imagination, make judgments, solve problems and make decisions. Spiritual Intelligence I The ability to understand that human beings have an animating need for meaning, value and a sense of worth in what they seek and do and to respond to that need.

Emotional Intelligence I The ability to understand oneself and the feelings and needs of other people, exercise self-control, and spoon to other people in appropriate ways in order to influence, motivate and inspire them Moral Intelligence I The ability to differentiate right from wrong according to universal moral principles. I Behavioral Skills Using and responding to emotion (e. G. Body language), communicating in other ways (writing, speaking and active listening), using personal power, and using different leadership styles according to the situation.

Source: Based on Gill (2006). Five Intelligences Underlying Leadership. Four Components of Transformational Leadership Source: Based Four Components of Transformational Leadership (Morehouse 001). Theme 4 -? Toxic Leadership Thoughts: Toxic leadership is leadership approach that harms people, organization or even society, through the poisoning of enthusiasm, creativity, autonomy and innovative expression. Toxic leader define leadership as being control. Toxic leadership tends to ignore some of the components that has in good leadership.

They tend to ignore moral intelligence, emotional intelligence, individualized consideration, intellectual stimulation, etc Such leadership will not last and followers will choose to leave when enthusiasm, emotion, explanation, engagement, reward, culture, trusts, etc, Ewing killed. Feelings: Toxic leadership is limiting organization growth and annoying the people and organization. And, it always leads negative energy to others. Experience: In work life, it is no surprise if there is toxic leadership around.

In my previous job, I had worked with a controlling superior. She tends to control everything and ignoring new suggestions, ignoring emotional changes, killing enthusiasm, and giving minimum of trust to her subordinates. Under her lead, people had left one by one. Reflection: A good leadership should have take caution in avoiding toxic leadership practice. All leaders are human, and human tend to do wrong decision sometimes. Therefore, in order to prevent toxic leadership we have to take note on what have been done wrongly in the past and avoid practicing.

Picture: Miramar Gadding. Toxic Leader What Really Useless Leader Do How They Do It How to Avoid The Same Trap Kill enthusiasm Micromanagement, coercion, disrespect. I Try better delegation and informal feedback, plus better, easier appraisal. Kill emotion Aggression, lack of emotional intelligence, lack of empathy, no work-life balance. Publish a personal work-life balance manifesto, develop rater empathy, encourage assertiveness. I Kill explanation I Partial, inconsistent communication I Make communication consistent, clear and two-way.

Kill engagement I Individual objectives dictated by managers, limited team goals. I Allow teams to set their own goals, encourage participation in decision-making. I Kill reward I Rewarding the wrong things and offering the wrong sort of rewards (egg: money for someone not motivated by money) I Give the right rewards to the right people at the right time, establish team rewards, give managers greater flexibility in rewarding staff. I Kill culture I Ignoring the differences in cultures during mergers and acquisitions, punish risk-talking while trying to foster a culture of innovation.

I Offer training for managers on influencing culture, allow managers to evolve their own personal mistake policy. I Kill trust I unfair recruitment or reward decisions. Offer training for managers on procedural justice and fairness, help managers to develop trust in others. I Source: Casino, S (2007) It’s the fault that counts. People Management, 1 1 January: up 37 – 38 Theme 5 – Ethical Leadership Thoughts: Ethics and moral is basically the same thing and is more or less bout what is right and wrong, and it is interesting since many problems arise from the power relationship between leaders and followers.

Only ethical leadership can lead an ethical organization. Because, leader’s behavior and decision-making has a lot to do with their ethics and moral. Nowadays, more and more people are concern with ethical leadership, ethical organization and social responsibility. Therefore, it is important for modern leader to practice ethical leadership. Feelings: Every individual should have ethics and moral no matter in work life or personal life, this is the basic element in every person. If ethical leadership is widely practice, our world will have less injustice incident and corruption.



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