Jean Racine was born on December 20, 1639 in La Ferte-Milon. He was born in a household that belonged to the upper middle class, but was raised by his grandma, because his female parent died in 1941 at birth of a 2nd kid, playwright ‘s sister Mary, and his male parent besides died in two old ages subsequently. So, the male child was orphaned by his grandma and she took him with her to the convent of Port-Royal diethylstilbestrols Champs near Paris. ( Brereton, 1951 ) . In this convent the male child was converted in Jansenism and old ages spent at that place had a decisive influence on his literary development. He studied with four outstanding bookmans of the epoch, and under their leading became an first-class Hellenist. In that period of his life, waxy immature adult male really intensively perceived the direct consequence of powerful and black thoughts of Jansenism motion. The struggle between Jansenism and carried through a life-time love to classical literature was a beginning of inspiration for Racine, and determined tone of his hereafter creative activities. Do n’t experiencing the naming to the church calling, Racine in 1661 moved to his uncle ( the priest ) , trusting to acquire from the church benefices, which would let him to give himself wholly to composing. But dialogues to this consequence have non been successful, and in 1662 or 1663 Racine returned to Paris. His circle of literary familiarities grew from twenty-four hours to twenty-four hours, and really shortly it opened all doors to the tribunal shows to Racine. It is believed that the first two of the lasting plants – La Thbaide and Alexander the Great ( Alexandre le Grand ) – he wrote on the advice of Moliere, who put them in 1664 and 1665. Describing Racine, Hawcroft wrote that he is “ playwright, poet, maestro of the classical Gallic calamity in the times of Moliere and Corneille. Racine took his topics from antiquity or mythology and became really popular with his dramas on blind, passionate love. His play followed the neoclassical tragic signifier ; they had five Acts of the Apostless and the dramatic clip of the action did non transcend one twenty-four hours. Normally the action was restricted to one topographic point. ” ( Hawcroft, 1992 ) In add-on, it is necessary to state that although by birth and upbringing Racine belonged to the middle class, but on its political orientation, he was blue, courtly-aristocratic poet. The job of the category features in Racine ‘s art can non be divorced from issues of category ascription of Gallic classicalism, since Racine was a consistent and steadfast classicist, who was non diverting from the classical canon, like Corneille and Moliere.
Describing Racine ‘s dramas it is necessary to advert that his blue political orientation finds its graphic look in the capable country, secret plan and besides shaped the construction of his calamities. It has been observed for a long clip that the calamity of Racine gives an idealised map of the Versailles tribunal, with all its imposts, manners and conventions. Whatever the secret plan or subject was developed by Racine, whatever fantastic images or characters he described, in any instance they were reinterpreted in a specific tribunal, i.e. , class-noble sense. Therefore, all Racine ‘s heroes and heroines depict two lovers, who suffer from love, because the socio inactive tribunal blue bloods of the 2nd half of Seventeen century were interested in love. ( Campbell, 2006 ) . Love, possibly, was the lone motivation, being capable to derive the attending and involvement of those times public ( precisely this minute includes an of import difference between Racine ‘s calamity and the calamity of Corneille, where the last used the thought of political or spiritual gallantry as the chief motor power ) .
Elmarsafy stated that as the true Laureate Racine depicts sexual dealingss at a specific mode of Versailles ; active function in his calamity falls to the adult females ‘s batch, who make their first stairss ; and the characters, who all in greater or lesser extent are similar to King Louis XIV, merely listen to the declarations of love and take the adult female. ( Elmarsafy, 2003 ) . All Racine ‘s characters were people with “ royal blood ” , they purely abide by the regulations of tribunal etiquette: they say “ seigneuir ” , “ madame ” , and even in minutes of high passion remain people with graceful manners non leting themselves to utilize a individual bad word or despicable look.
So, analysing the life of Jean Racine we see that all his endowment develops under the mark of struggle between the blue hedonism and asceticism of Jansenism. This contradiction is expressed in the play, demoing that all calamities of his clip give an apology of passion and an apology of repudiation of passion ( an apprehension of true love as a forfeit ) . This attack once more proved that Jean Racine adhered to a figure of nucleus rules of Jansenism in the positions on human life. He learned, for illustration, place of the deep corruption and failing of human nature, incapable to get by with the unworthy passions that result in decease, without the aid of grace, but in ain attempts. Hence the ageless struggle of its calamity – is the battle between passion and the will, which defeats the passion, viz. due to failing of will.
Therefore, taking the above stated into the consideration it is possible to reason that Racine was a outstanding individual of his clip. Brought up on the survey of ancient literature, absolutely cognizant of the great Grecian poets, he had learned from them a sense of nonliteral and musical elements of address and tried to utilize its power, without traveling beyond the narrow confines of the classical, rationalistic dosed and polished syllables and limited in its rhythmic possibilities Alexandrine poetry. It is necessary to add that even the most ordinary words and phrases due to impregnation of the tragic emotions become a sort of enormous power under his pen.