Victor Hugo wrote a criticism on Macbeth nearly 150 years ago, and in this book he thought that Macbeth was moulded and sculpted by the witches into a purely evil being, who completely destroys and murders everything in his path. Some mentioned examples of Macbeth’s behavior are found in instances such as when he not only murdered Duncan, a guest in his house, and more importantly, the King, but how he also killed sleep in the process. Hugo concludes his critism in saying that during his reign, he committed so many evil deeds that all have moved against him – even nature, who ultimately, in the form of Birnam Woods, spells his demise. .
“To say ”Macbeth is ambition,” is to say nothing. Macbeth is hunger. What hunger? The hunger of the monster, always possible in man. Certain souls have teeth. Do not arouse their hunger. ” There are many good examples of Macbeth’s “hunger” that Hugo mentions. One such example is the murder of Macbeth’s best friend, Banquo. Banquo and Macbeth were friends since the beginning of the play. “Banquo and Macbeth, all hail!” However, since Banquo knows Macbeth very well, this ends up coming back to haunt him. After a couple of mysterious murders occur, such as the murder of the King, Banquo notices Macbeth’s peculiar behavior and begins to suspect him. “Thou hast it now: King, Cawdor, Glamis, all, as the weird women promised, and I fear thou play’dst most foully for’t.” Hugo says, “Certain souls have teeth. Do not arouse their hunger.” This advice from Hugo would have been ideal for Banquo, as he did just that by suspecting Macbeth, and consequently, he was indirectly murdered by him. “And the right valiant Banquo walk’d too late.” This murder showed another of the aspects given by Hugo; the fact that he was a monster, as he murdered his best friend.
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