Management Principle, Management Theory, and Management Practices Essay Sample

August 17, 2017 Management

Every organisation utilizes different types of direction techniques. patterns. theories and rules. Each organisation utilizes their ain patterns as it correlates to their organizations’ mission. ends and civilization. What works for one organisation may non work for the following. In my sentiment. I believe that multiple direction patterns can work for an organisation. The best manner to find which patterns will be good to an organisation is every bit simple as test and mistake.

Formally defined. the rules of direction are defined as the activities that “plan. form. and command the operations of the basic elements of [ people ] . stuffs. machines. methods. money and markets. supplying way and coordination. and giving leading to human attempts. so as to accomplish the sought aims of the enterprise” ( Koontz & A ; Weihrich. 2006 ) . Over the last two hundred old ages direction rule has evolved to a great extent from its origin up to its modern twenty-four hours rules. Over the class of my civilian and military calling I can certify that I have had leading that has taken cues from different phases of the direction rule development.

The classical school of direction rule is considered the oldest formal school of direction idea. Its beginnings pre-date the 20th century. Directors were unsure of how to cover with increased labour dissatisfaction and train employees peculiarly because many of them were non-English speech production immigrants so they began to prove solutions. As a consequence. the classical direction theory developed from attempts to happen the “one best way” to execute and pull off undertakings. The Classical School by and large concerns ways to pull off work and organisations more expeditiously. Three countries of survey that can be grouped under the classical school are scientific direction. administrative direction. and bureaucratic direction ( Hill & A ; McShane. 2006 ) .

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The Classical School sought to specify the kernel of direction in the signifier of cosmopolitan cardinal maps. These. it was hoped. would organize the cognitive footing for a set of relevant accomplishments to be acquired. by all manque directors through formal instruction. Some of the cardinal figures within the Classical School were Mary Parker Follett. Chester Barnard and Frederick Taylor ( Koontz & A ; Weihrich. 2006 ) .

During the center of the 20th century. two major schools of direction were developed. One being the Quantitative School of Management and the other. the Behavioral Management Theory. The quantitative attack to direction involves the usage of quantitative techniques. such as statistics. information theoretical accounts. and computing machine simulations. to better determination devising. Management rules developed during the classical period were merely non utile in covering with many direction state of affairss and could non explicate the behaviour of single employees. In short. classical theory ignored employee motive and behaviour. As a consequence. the behavioural school was a natural branch of this radical direction experiment ( Hill & A ; McShane. 2006 ) .

Modern direction attacks respect the classical. human resource. and quantitative attacks to direction. Successful directors recognize that although each theoretical school has restrictions in its applications. each attack besides offers valuable penetrations that can broaden a manager’s options in work outing jobs and accomplishing organisational ends. Successful directors work to widen these attacks to run into the demands of their prospective environments ( Carpenter. Bauer. & A ; Erdogan. 2010 )

The organisation that I presently work for is the United States Navy. In the Navy our work environment is really different compared to the usual work environments. Most persons work in an office environment with a cell or an office. I remember the yearss that I did work in an traditional work environment. Looking back I definitely retrieve some of the directors that I had and their several direction techniques and patterns. But now in the Navy I presently work on a 200 ton ship. My work environment is backbreaking. hardworking and at times really unsafe. I would decidedly state that the typical direction patterns don’t work for my work environment. But fortuitously some of them do work and they work really good.

Bing in the military. most military members don’t have the traditional occupations. work agendas. and working environment. When deployed I can work up to 18 hours yearss up to 7 yearss a hebdomad. Working such grueling scheduling it takes singular leading and direction accomplishments to maintain persons in my work environment working steadily and maintain morale at optimum degrees. Within the military one of the most of import theories in direction is the Behavioral Management Theory.

The Behavioral Management Theory works good within the military because it emphasizes apprehension of human behaviour at work. such as motive. struggle. outlooks. and group kineticss. improved productiveness. In the military. particularly during times of war it is important to understand human emotions and behaviours. For illustration. in the Navy we are literally a floating metropolis with in surplus of 4. 000 Sailors and Marines. These 4. 000 Sailors and Marines are made up of different races. civilizations and socioeconomic positions. Every one of the persons onboard experiences a different emotion at any given clip. As a leader it is of import to admit that and utilize it as an advantage.

In the Navy. it’s called “knowing your Sailors” . When you “know your Sailors” you can delegate the right Sailor to the right place. honor each Sailor consequently and take attention of any issues that each several Sailor may hold. whether it be personal or professional. For illustration. when I was deployed my Chain of Command knew that I was more of an early riser. I felt more productive on the job forenoons and it was merely a better tantrum for me. My Chain of Command put me in charge of a forenoon displacement and I loved it. I received nil but praise from my Chain of Command about my public presentation. It was besides the first occupation that I’ve of all time had that I felt my penchants were taken in consideration and in bend it yielded positive consequences for my higher-ups. I wish that other leaders could see the good in cognizing their subsidiaries.

One attack to direction that I truly like but don’t rather experience would suit in my current work environment is the quantitative attack. The quantitative attack to direction involves the usage of quantitative techniques. such as statistics. information theoretical accounts. and computing machine simulations. to better determination devising. Unfortunately in my work environment this would non work. In the Navy or in most subdivisions of the military determinations are made rapidly and under force per unit area. There’s no clip to cite statistics or theoretical accounts. For illustration. if there’s a foreign ship with a missile or gunman aimed at my ship. My leading is traveling to give me the order to counter onslaught that missile or gunman. That’s a determination that’s traveling to be made rapidly ( Koontz & A ; Weihrich. 2006 ) .

If I had my ain organisation I would decidedly use the quantitative attack to direction. I strongly believe in the power of statistics when doing determinations. One quotation mark comes to mind “the statistics don’t lie” . which is a fact that no 1 can deny. In leading. statistics should be used as tools and non steering factors.


Carpenter. M. . Bauer. T. . & A ; Erdogan. B. ( 2010 ) . Principles of direction. Irvington. New York: Flat World Knowledge.

Hill. C. . & A ; McShane. S. ( 2006 ) . Principles of direction. New York: McGraw-Hill Companies. Inc.

Koontz. H. . & A ; Weihrich. H. ( 2006 ) . Necessities of direction. New York: Tata McGraw-Hill Education.


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