The purpose of this thesis is to analyze the metaphor and subject of David Copperfield written by Charles Dickens for understanding of this novel.
2. Introduction to Charles Dickens and David Copperfield
Charles Dickens, the most popular author of the Victorian age, was born near Portsmouth, England, in 1812 and he died in Kent in 1870. When his male parent was thrown into debitors ‘ prison, immature Charles was taken out of school and forced to work in a shoe-polish mill, which may assist explicate the presence of so many abandoned and exploited kids in his novels. As a immature adult male, he worked as a newsman before get downing his calling as a fictional author in 1833. In his novels, short narratives and essays, Dickens combined screaming comedy with a scathing unfavorable judgment of the cold characteristics of Victorian industrial society. Many of his novels – Great Expectations, A Christmas Carol, Oliver Twist, etc. , have been made into ace Television and movie versions.
David Copperfield is the narrative of the storyteller ‘s life from early childhood to maturity. In it, David describes all the obstructions he had to get the better of in order to get peace of head and economic stableness.
Chapters 1-2: David enjoys a happy childhood with his female parent and her faithful retainer, Peggotty, until his female parent marries once more and proves powerless to protect him from the inhuman treatment of his stepfather, Mr. Murdstone.
Chapters 3-4: Mr. Murdstone sends David to a boarding school in London where he makes friends with Steerforth and Traddles. When David ‘s female parent and his babe brother dice, David is sent to work at Mr. Quinion ‘s concern.
Chapters 5-6: While he works at the wine-bottling concern David stays at Mr. Micawber ‘s house but when the latter leaves London, owing to his debts, David decides to travel in hunt of his lone relation, Miss Trotwood, whom he finds in Dover. Davis is sent to school once more and becomes a great friend of Agnes Wickfield ‘s, at whose house he stays when he ‘s non at school.
Chapters 7-8: After completing school David goes to Yarmouth to see Peggotty, who has married Mr. Barkis. There, he meets Steerforth who seems upset that Emily, Mr. Peggotty ‘s niece, is get marrieding her friend Ham. At Mr. Spenlow ‘s, with whom David is traveling to analyze jurisprudence, he falls in love with Dora, his girl.
Chapters 9-10: David arrives at Yarmouth after Mr. Barkis ‘s decease. There he hears that Emily has run off with Steerforth. Mr. Peggotty is devastated and starts seeking for her.
Back in London David proposes to Dora and is accepted.
Chapters 11-12: When Miss Trotwood informs David that she has lost all her money, all his programs prostration. He starts larning stenography to happen a good occupation in order to be able to get married Dora. In the interim, Uriah Heep, a gross outing adult male who lives with the Wickfields, wants to get married Agnes. Mr. Peggotty keeps looking for Emily.
Chapters 13-14: David and Dora marry thanks to the money he has earned by composing narratives. Dora proves to be a really unqualified homemaker, but David loves her all the same. Mr Peggotty hears that Emily has left Steerforth and asks an old friend of hers, Martha Endells, to look for her in London. Martha locates Emily and Mr Peggotty decides to emigrate to Australia with her and the Micawbers, now that Mr Micawber has got rid of Uriah Heep and exposed him as a stealer.
Chapters 15-16: Dora falls sick and dies and, in Yarmouth, a awful storm putting to deaths Ham and Steerforth. Furthermore, all the remainder of David ‘s friends, except for Miss Peggotty and Traddles, leave for Australia. David travels abroad to seek to bury Dora but he falls sick and returns to England. David finally marries Agnes, who had ever loved him, has five kids and becomes a celebrated author.
3. Metaphor analysis
3.1 Satans and angels
The novel has a distinct moral construction, whereby the good characters are clearly distinguishable from the bad characters and on the whole, good things happen to good people and bad things happen to bad people.
3.2 Predatory animate beings
Images of predatory animate beings are used to convey inhuman treatment, destructiveness, self-interest, and development of other people. In Chapter XXVI, Uriah is described as being “ like a great vulture: gorging himself on every syllable that I said to Agnes, or Agnes said to me. ” In similar vena, in Chapter XXXIX, Uriah and his female parent are “ like two great chiropterans hanging over the whole house. ” In Chapter XLVIII, David gives up seeking to better Dora ‘s head, fearing that if he continues, he will “ devolve into the spider once more, and be for of all time lying in delay. ” There is an inexplicit mention to Mr. Murdstone, who acted in merely such a predatory and barbarous manner with David ‘s female parent
4. Subject analysis
4.1 The maltreatment of power
David Copperfield examines those who have power over the weak, and finds that they frequently abuse it. David ‘s first experience of this is as a kid, when a sort and soft authorization figure, his female parent, is supplanted by barbarous authorization figures, the Murdstones. The Murdstones halt David ‘s instruction and direct him to work in a mill, where he is unhappy, hapless, and hungry. Mr. and Miss Murdstone crush Clara Copperfield ‘s spirit, make her ailment, and arguably are responsible for her decease – all under the pretension of bettering her head and soundness of character. There is an interesting analogue to this episode in David ‘s matrimony to Dora. Dora is similar to Clara Copperfield in her childly nature and softness for housework, and David at first attempts to “ organize ” her head by learning her facets of housework and educating her. However, this lone makes her suffering and defensive, and David, unlike the Murdstones, is sensitive and caring plenty to detect this and halt seeking to alter his married woman. By supplying a parallel state of affairs with a different result, Dickens shows that everyone has a pick about how they exercise their power, and that it is the duty of the powerful to handle the powerless with kindness and apprehension.
4.2 The importance of kindness and charity
In David Copperfield, Dickens portrays many types of human agony: for illustration, poorness, kid labour, societal shame, and treachery by friends and loved 1s. While he does non propose ways to consistently reform society to decrease these maltreatments, he does set send on an counterpoison on the single degree. He emphasizes the critical importance of kindness and charity that is given without idea of return. Such Acts of the Apostless are however by and large rewarded, as a kindness given inspires a kindness in return.
4.3. Equality within matrimony
In Chapter XLV of David Copperfield, Annie Strong says, “ There can be no disparity in matrimony like unsuitableness of head and intent. ” The novel emphasizes the importance of this sort of equality within a matrimony, though Dickens was non so progressive as to encompass modern impressions of equality, where neither spouse has authorization over the other. While Annie and Dr. Strong love, regard, and honour each other, Annie has no expostulation to kneeling before her hubby as a mark that she submits to his authorization. Dr. Strong does non mistreat his authorization, but ever treats Annie with gradualness and compassion.