In his book. Major Problems in Mexican American History. Zaragosa Vargas describes the Mexican Immigrant experience from 1917-1928. He begins by measuring the Protestant spiritual experience for a Mexican in the early 1920’s. and so depict Mexican life in both Colorado in 1924 and Chicago in 1928. After supporting Mexican Immigrants in 1929. he includes an lineation of an Americanization plan. followed by an anecdote of a Mexican immigrant in the 1920’s. Vargas uses these paperss to demo the evolvement of Americanization of Mexicans from a community end to a social demand.
Vargas begins with the Mexican Immigrant experience in the early 1920’s. and describes it largely as a community undertaking spearheaded by the Church and called for the assistance of voluntaries. The kids learned and studied English in school. so the plans focused largely on classs in English for the married womans and female parents of the community. These English classs consisted largely of vocabulary for familiar and most often seen objects. Sunday schools resulted from this procedure. and in bend made manner for the development of dark schools. clinics. an employment agency. and a male childs and girl’s nine.
In Colorado in 1924. Mexicans played a respectable function in society as non merely a nice portion of the population. but besides the labour force. Spanish-Americans took a noteworthy portion in political relations. and were involved in many businesss that included largely agribusiness. excavation. and steel plants. The diversion was besides of import to Spanish-American life in Colorado ; the slightly freshly developed edifices were a beginning of community for many. Mexicans in Chicago in 1928. Vargas argues. lived a really different life style and endured different adversities than the Mexicans in the Southwest.
They were a much smaller portion of the community. dwelling of little. chiseled vicinities and several smaller less defined settlements. These Mexicans lived in the poorest houses in these vicinities. and most edifices guaranteed hapless life conditions for these households. Employment merely came certain times during the twelvemonth when demand for labour was high. and it was the Mexicans who suffered most when certain industries reduced labour. In the words of Anita Edgar Jones. “They are the last to get and the first to be laid off” ( Vargas ) .
Mexican Life in Chicago during this clip period served as a impermanent solution for many households as they moved from recent reachings to a more desirable topographic point with better chance as they became more established and stabilized. Some vicinities were ill organized for diversion. and even lacked Spanish-speaking employees at their community or diversion centres. Communities besides lacked a Spanish-speaking priest. which is obviously different from early Americanisation plans implemented in the Southwest in the early 1920’s.
After turn toing and supporting most of the jobs of Mexican Immigration in 1929. Vargas moves on to an lineation of a typical Americanization plan in 1931. where the Mexican Immigrant experience evolved from a community undertaking that supported and encouraged Mexican assimilation. to a list of demands and demands for Mexican and Spanish Americans to be acceptable members of society. Vargas uses these paperss to demo the patterned advance of assimilation of Spanish Americans and Mexican immigrants into American society in the 1920’s.
The life of a Mexican Immigrant during this clip was really taxing. and these Americanization plans were used as a tool to try to make a society that operated under certain political orientations and values. As a consequence. this created an even stronger division between civilizations. and prevented assimilation of the two groups. Work Cited Vargas. Zaragoza. “The Mexican Immigrant Experience 1917-1928. ” Major Problems in Mexican American History. Thomas G. Patterson. Houghton Mifflin Company 1999. 234-53.