An organized offense is a group of three or more people of a formalistic construction and the chief object is to obtain money through an illegal activities. This definition is one of many for organized offense. there are five types of organized offense. and there are two theoretical accounts that are used to depict the construction of organized offense and even though both of these are theoretical accounts of organized offense. they are both different. These theoretical accounts are: 1. Bureaucratic or Corporate Model
2. Patron-client or Ancestral Model
The Bureaucratic theoretical account is different than Patron-client for the undermentioned grounds: * Bureaucratic theoretical account is efficiency is the premier factor for big operations or activities. * This theoretical account follows the features of Weber’s and Taylor’s theoretical account. * Once activities expand. the bureaucratic construction becomes necessary to command the endeavor with regulations. hierarchy. specialisation. and means of communicating. * Some illustrations of this construction are Colombian trusts and the criminal biker groups. * A more susceptible to jurisprudence enforcement attempts
The Patron-client theoretical account is different than the Bureaucratic Model for the undermentioned grounds: * Patron-client is based on bonds that tie organisations together * Provides assistance and protection while clients become a loyal member. * Offers the advantage of continuity.
* This theoretical account is less centralised and has more control over subsidiaries. * It requires more of a complex jurisprudence enforcement attempt. * Often uninvolved in existent condemnable activity and merely provides information on marks for the client to rob or steal. Both theoretical accounts are similar in the undermentioned grounds:
1. Profit jurisprudence enforcement. research workers. society. and professionals 2. Supporting Research. statistics. facts. and converting statements 3. Information presented on organisational construction. intent and cause. members. and clientele 4. These theoretical accounts are tools that provide replies to inquiries 5. They offer an account to why people engage in illegal activities 6. How condemnable organisations develop
7. Why most condemnable organisations are successful.
The theoretical accounts are of import for understanding organized offense because each provides a broad scope of good information. Models can expose what geographical locations are more prone to the development of condemnable organisations. It allows us jurisprudence enforcement the ability to engraft methods that will discourage. prevent. detect. and apprehend people involved with illegal organisations. There are two different theoretical accounts in an organized offense with both holding their differences and similarities. they are both of import for understanding an organized offense.
Lyman. M. D. . & A ; Potter. G. W. ( 2007 ) . Organized Crime ( 4th ed. ) . Upper Saddle River. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Mallory. PhD. S. L. ( 2007 ) . Understanding Organized Crime. Sandbury. Massachusetts: Jones and Bartlett Publisher. Inc.