July 9, 2018 Physics

Definition of a Monsoon: The word “monsoon” is come from the Arabic word call “mausim” which means season. The Ancient traders sailing in the Indian Ocean and adjoining Arabian Sea used it to describe a system of alternating winds which blow persistently from the northeast during the northern winter and from the opposite direction, the southwest, during the northern summer. How does Monsoon form? Monsoons are caused primarily by variation in temperature over large areas of land than over large areas of adjacent ocean water. Where does Monsoon generally occur?

Monsoon occurs in some part of the world, like India, SE Asia (Vietnam), Japan, China, Central Africa, US (Arizona & New Mexico), and Mexico. How does Monsoon affect humans? Monsoon affect human in their health in many different ways. For examples, respiratory disorders, heat strokes, cardiovascular, water- borne diseases like cholera, and outbreaks of diarrheal diseases, vector- borne diseases (like dengue and malaria). In other way when the frequency and intensity of extreme weather increase it might translate into loss of life, injuries and disability. Is Monsoon Dangerous, if so how?

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Monsoons can be dangerous. During the monsoon season usually we will get a lot of rains. When that happens in some part of the areas will cause lightning, straight-line winds, dust storms, flooding, and sometimes tornado and hail do occur. How has man tried to prevent, fight, or protect against monsoon? We can’t prevent or fight against Monsoon but we can protect our self during the monsoon season. There are few safety tips that we can follow either we’re indoor or outdoor. Indoor: ? Turn off all unnecessary electrical equipments ? Don’t use phone. It can cause a shock by nearby lightning Stay away from showers, baths, and sinks because lightning can go through metal pipes ? Keep batteries, flashlights, candle and a working batter-powered radio or TV incase the power goes out ? Keep distance from windows Outdoor: ? When you see flooding in some of the area follow the sign “DO NOT ENTER WHEN FLOODED” ? Reduce your speed or slow down if you’re driving ? Stay away from open fields, high land, trees, poles, or other tall objects. One historical event which include monsoon: In September 1988, two-thirds of Bangladesh was flooded and 28 millions of people loss their home.

What types of tools or measurements are used to forecast monsoon? Many tools are used by the Meteorologists to forecast monsoon, but the best method is to monitor the height of the 500mb atmospheric pressure. They usually expressed in the meters above the sea level, which indicates how strong the monsoon ridge is, where it is center and how warm it is the underneath. A strong monsoon ridge with hot temperatures underneath indicates if the height above 5950m. A weak monsoon ridge with cooler temperatures underneath indicates if the height below 5880m. BIBLIOGRAPHY PAGE Elsom, Derek. Weather Explained. New York; Henry Holt and Company,1997.

Resnick, Jane P. , Grambo, Rebecca L. , & Tallarico, Tony. The Big Book of Questions and Answers. Kidsbooks, LLC and Tony Tallarico, 2006. 2009: US Department of Commerce; The National Oceanic and Atmospheric administration; National Weather Service; Tucson Weather Forecast Office. Dr. Chris Castro, Physics and Atmospheric Sciences Department, University of Arizona. http://www. wrh. noaa. gov/twc/monsoon/monsoon_whatis. php http://www. wrh. noaa. gov/twc/monsoon/monsoon_progression. php http://www. wrh. noaa. gov/twc/monsoon/monsoon_safety. php Monsoon. Dictionary. com. Dictionary. com, LLC. 26 Apr. 2010


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