Mustafa Kemal Ataturk and Reza Shah Pahlavi as ‘Men of Order’ Essay

July 8, 2017 July 11th, 2017 General Studies

Some historiographers argued that Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. laminitis of the Republic of Turkey. and Reza Shah Pahlavi. the leading Shah of Iran. were ‘men of order’ who took their states down the way of autocratic modernisation in the first half of the twentieth century. Mustafa Kemal Ataturk was a steadfast patriot who sought to transform the defunct Ottoman Empire into a secular and modern province. He besides sought the political and economic support of the West which was necessities to his reforms. Reza Shah Pahlavi was besides a steadfast advocator of patriotism. secularism. and statism.

In order to overhaul Iran. he organized the ground forces. reinforced authorities control over major industries. and restored authorities fundss. There were nevertheless differences. Kemal’s platform of administration was the entire restructuring of the Turkish authorities based on the rule of complete independency. In order to beef up the new Republic. he stabilized the legislative. judicial. and executive constructions of authorities. To accomplish this end. he had to control the power of the Islamic priests who opposed secularism. As president. he approved one-sided pacts with Western states.

In his position. Turkey was portion of the West. and therefore shared in the heritage of the West. Reza shah’s clasp of Iran was much weaker than that of Kemal. His modernisation plan was met with stiff resistance from spiritual leaders. His small undertaking. Women’s Awakening. failed to opened chances to adult females. In March 1928. the Shah beat an Islamic churchman for censuring the shah’s married woman. In December of the same twelvemonth. he issues a jurisprudence necessitating citizens to have on Western apparels. This was once more opposed by many Muslims. Indeed. many of the shah’s reforms were either discredited or changed after his decease in 1944.

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