Narendra Damodardas Modi ( [ n?re?nd?r? d???mo?d??r?d???s mo?d?i? ] ( listen ) , born 17 September 1950 ) is the fifteenth and current Prime Minister of India. Modi, a leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party ( BJP ) , besides served as Chief Minister of Gujarat from 2001–14. He represents Varanasi as its Member of Parliament ( MP ) . Modi was a cardinal strategian for the BJP in the successful 1995 and 1998 Gujarat province election runs. He became Chief Minister of Gujarat in October 2001 and served longer by far in that place than anyone else to day of the month. Modi was a major run figure in the 2009 general election, which the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance lost to the Congress-led United Progressive Alliance ( UPA ) . He led the BJP in the 2014 general election, which resulted in an straight-out bulk for the BJP in the Lok Sabha ( the lower house of the Indian parliament ) , the first clip that any party had done so since 1984. Modi is a Hindu Nationalist and a member of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh ( RSS ) . [ 2 ] [ 3 ] He is a controversial figure both within India every bit good as internationally [ 4 ] [ 5 ] [ 6 ] [ 7 ] as his disposal has been criticised for the incidents environing the 2002 Gujarat public violences. [ 7 ] [ 8 ]
Modi has been praised for his economic policies, which are credited with making an environment for a high rate of economic growing in Gujarat. [ 9 ] However, his disposal has besides been criticised for neglecting to do a important positive impact upon the human development of the province. [ 10 ] Modi was born on 17 September 1950 to a household of grocers belonging to the backward Ghanchi-Teli ( oil-presser ) community, in Vadnagar in Mehsana territory of former Bombay State ( contemporary Gujarat ) , India. [ 11 ] [ 12 ] [ 13 ] [ 14 ] [ 15 ] He was the 3rd of four kids born to Damodardas Mulchand Modi and his married woman, Heeraben. [ 16 ] He helped his male parent sell tea at Vadnagar railroad station. As a kid and as a adolescent, he ran a tea stall with his brother near a coach end point. [ 17 ] [ 18 ] In 1967, he completed his schooling in Vadnagar, where a instructor described him as being an mean pupil, but a acute arguer who had an involvement in theater. [ 17 ] [ 19 ]
That involvement has influenced how he now undertakings himself in political relations. [ 20 ] At the age of eight, Modi came in contact with RSS and he began go toing its local shakhas where he came in contact with Lakshmanrao Inamdar, popularly known as Vakil Saheb, who is known as his political guru and wise man. Inamdar inducted Modi as a balswayamsevak, a junior plebe in RSS. During his forenoon exercising session at the keri pitha shakha of RSS, he besides came in contact with Vasant Gajendragadkar and Nathalal Jaghda, leaders of the Jan Sangh who subsequently founded the BJP’s Gujarat province unit in 1980. [ 21 ] [ 22 ] [ 23 ] [ 24 ] [ 25 ] [ 26 ] Modi’s parents arranged his matrimony as a kid, in maintaining with the traditions of the Ghanchi caste. He was engaged at the age of 13 to Jashodaben Chimanlal and the twosome were married by the clip he was 18. They spent really small clip together and were shortly estranged because Modi decided to prosecute an itinerant life. [ 17 ] [ 27 ]
However as per Modi’s biographer Nilanjan Mukhopadhyay, the matrimony was ne’er consummated. [ 28 ] Having remained soundless on his matrimonial position, during declarations related to candidature during four province elections since 2002 and holding claimed that his position as a individual individual meant that he had no ground to be corrupt, Modi acknowledged Jashodaben as his legal partner when filling in his nomination signifier for the 2014 Lok Sabha elections. [ 29 ] [ 30 ] As per Modi in Kishore Makwana’s Common Man Narendra Modi, published in 2014, after go forthing place at 17, he went to Ramakrishna Mission ashram in Rajkot and so to the Belur Math near Kolkata. Then he went to Guwahati and subsequently joined another ashram set up by Swami Vivekananda in Almora, in the Himalayan foothills.
Two old ages after, he returned to Vadnagar and after a brief arrest at his house, Modi left once more for Ahmedabad, where he lived and worked in a tea stall run by his uncle where he once more came in contact with Lakshmanrao Inamdar who was so based at Hedgewar Bhavan, the RSS central office in the metropolis. [ 21 ] [ 22 ] [ 23 ] He so worked in the staff canteen of Gujarat State Road Transport Corporation until he became a full–time pracharak ( propagandist ) of the RSS in 1970. [ 25 ] In 1978, Modi graduated with an extramural grade through Distance Education in political scientific discipline from Delhi University. [ 22 ] [ 28 ] In 1983, while staying as a pracharak in the RSS, completed his Master’s grade in political scientific discipline from Gujarat University. [ 19 ] [ 31 ] He still continues to see Belur Math on occasion [ 32 ] [ 33 ] and negotiations about his fear for the Ramakrishna Mission.