One of the really of import early stairss in a research undertaking is executing the reappraisal of literature. This is besides one of the most demeaning experiences we are likely to hold. Why? Because we are likely to happen out that any of import thought we have, has been thought of earlier, at least to some extent.
A literature reappraisal is ever performed to place related surveies, to put the current undertaking within the conceptual and theoretical context. When looked at that manner, about no subject is so new or alone that you ca n’t turn up relevant and enlightening related surveies. Here are some stairss about carry oning the reappraisal of literature.
First, concentrate on the scientifically designed literature. Try to place what the most reliable research diaries are in the related country and start with those. Give more importance to research diaries that use a blind or juried reappraisal system. In a blind or juried reappraisal, writers submit possible articles to a diary editor who solicits several referees who agree to give a critical reappraisal of the paper. The paper is sent to these referees without any designation of the writer so that there will be no prejudice ( either for or against the writer ) . Based on their recommendations, the editor can accept, reject it, or urge that the writer revision and feed back the article. Articles in diaries with blind reappraisal system are likely to hold a reasonably high degree of credibleness.
Second, do the reappraisal every bit early as possible in the research procedure. We will certainly larn a batch in the literature reappraisal that will assist us find what the necessary things are. After all, old research workers besides had to confront trade-off determinations.
What should we look for in the literature reappraisal?
First, we might be able to happen a survey that is rather similar to the 1 we are believing of making. Since all reliable and believable research surveies have to reexamine the literature themselves, we can verify their literature reappraisal to acquire started on our ain survey.
Second, anterior research will assist guarantee that we include all of the of import relevant concepts in our survey. We may happen that other similar surveies routinely look at an result that we might non hold included. Our survey would non be judged decently if it ignored a major concept.
Third, the literature reappraisal will assist us to happen and choose appropriate measuring instruments/tools. We will readily see what measuring instruments/tools those research workers used themselves in contexts similar to ours.
Finally, the literature reappraisal will assist us to expect common jobs in our survey context. We can utilize the anterior experiences of others to avoid common traps and booby traps.
Section A: Survey ON INCIDENCE OF NON SPECIFIC NECK PAIN AMONG COMPUTER PROFESSIONALS.
Section B: Survey ON EEFECTIVENESS OF ULTRASOUND THERAPY IN TREATING MUSCLE ( Protective Spasm ) TIGHTNESS.
Section C: Survey ON THE EFFECT OF SUB OCCIPITAL RELEASE IN REDUCING SUB OCCIPITAL MUSCLE TIGHTNESS IN NECK PAIN.
Section D: Survey ON THE RELIABILITY OF VISUAL ANALOG SCALE IN MEASURING PAIN.
Section Tocopherol: Survey ON THE RELIABILITY OF THE COPENHAGEN NECK FUNCTIONAL DISABILITY SCALE IN MEASURING NECK FUNCTION AMONG NECK PAIN SUBJECTS.
Section A: Survey ON INCIDENCE OF NON SPECIFIC NECK PAIN AMONG COMPUTER PROFESSIONALS.
Andrew Shashi Reggie, et Al, 2012
The chief purpose of this survey was to happen out the prevalence of cervix hurting among computing machine users in both university staff and pupils. 328 computing machine users between 19 and 50 old ages of age of which 110 desktop users and 218 laptop users were distributed questionnaires. The ergonomical rating on-site of the participants was besides done for the desktop users and assorted places used by laptop users were evaluated. The informations obtained were analyzed utilizing descriptive statistics. The prevalence rate and the per centum of assorted places used by computing machine users were besides analyzed. Finally the squad concluded that the prevalence of cervix hurting among laptop computing machine users is higher than desktop computing machine users in this cross-sectional survey.
Minakshi Grover, et Al, 2011
A study research was conducted in Hisar territory of Haryana province to happen out the musculoskeletal jobs of computing machine users and the preventative steps adopted by those users. The sample comprised of 200 computing machine users runing from 25-40 old ages of age, utilizing computing machine at least for the last one twelvemonth and for a lower limit of 4-6 hours daily. Working profile of the respondents revealed that on an mean, 6-8 hours daily were spent by private computing machine users whereas it were 4-6 hours by public computing machine users. Data Entry was the chief Job of the maximal figure of the respondents. Specially designed Tables were used by more than half of respondents ( 54 % ) and specially designed chairs were used by about one- 3rd respondents ( 32.0 % ) . Majority of the respondents ( 81.5 % ) reported musculoskeletal jobs as they were working long on the computing machine at a stretch. The magnitude of hurting was highest in cervix and lower back. Watching the screen at a stretch, keeping cervix more or less in the same place for a long clip, and sitting in hapless position for a long clip were the grounds mentioned for hurting in different organic structure parts by computing machine users. Relaxation in footings of remainder and exercising were the steps often adopted by computing machine users to cut down hurting.
Richa Talwar, et.al, 2009
The purpose of the survey was to find the prevalence of wellness jobs among computing machine professionals and its association with working conditions. The squad included 200 computing machine professionals viz. package developers ( 78 ) , name centre workers ( 56 ) , and informations entry workers ( 66 ) in their survey. Mean age of sample was 28.23 with 58.5 % of topics being in the age group of 20-29 old ages. Sing hours at work spent in forepart of computing machine, 60 ( 30 % ) reported passing 3-6 hr/day, 88 ( 44 % ) spent 6-9 hr/day, while 52 ( 26 % ) of the respondents spent more than 9 hr/day working on a computing machine. The squad found out that the prevalence of ocular jobs was 76 % ( 152/200 ) , and musculoskeletal jobs were 76.5 % ( 153/200 ) . They concluded that among the common musculoskeletal jobs, pain/ stiffness in cervix contributed to 48.6 % .
B. Cagnie, et Al, 2007
The survey was aimed to gauge the annual prevalence of cervix hurting among workers in the office and to find which physical, psychological and single factors were associated with this prevalence. 512 office workers were sampled for the survey. Information was collected by the manner of on-line questionnaire. Dependent variable was considered to be Self-reported cervix hurting during the predating 12 & A ; Acirc ; months, whereas different person, work-related physical and psychosocial factors were studied as independent variables. 45.5 % was the 12 & A ; Acirc ; month prevalences of cervix hurting in office workers. The consequences of this survey indicate that physical and psychosocial work factors, every bit good as single variables, are associated with the frequence of cervix hurting. These forms suggest for intercession schemes in order to imitate an ergonomic work topographic point puting and increase a positive psychosocial work environment.
A.K Sharma, et.al, 2006
The Study was aimed at researching the magnitude of computing machine related wellness jobs. The squad studied around 200 IT professionals with different Job profiles like, package developers ( 82 ) , name centre ( 54 ) and informations entry/processing ( 64 ) as sample population. The Mean age of the survey topics was 29.8+ 4.3 old ages with 53.5 % of the topics being in the age group 21-30 old ages. The mean on the job hours per twenty-four hours on computing machine in call centre and package development were higher i.e. 9+0.67 hours and 8.3+0.81 hours severally as compared to 5+0.41 hours in informations entry/ treating group. The squad found that the magnitude of computing machine related jobs were every bit high as 93 % in this survey. The frequence of computing machine related jobs in the survey group were ocular jobs in 76 % , musculoskeletal jobs in 77.5 % and emphasis in 35 % . The most common musculoskeletal symptoms were hurting ( 55 % ) and stiffness ( 14.8 % ) . The squad concluded that among the common musculoskeletal jobs, pain/ stiffness in cervix contributed to 44 % .