Norman Rockwell and Aaron Copland: Great American Artists Essay

October 22, 2017 March 26th, 2018 Music

Illustrator Norman Rockwell along with composer and musician Aaron Copland were two good known American creative persons ; each holding an tremendous impact on society with their art and music. Rockwell’s pictures and illustrations depicted the perfect and calm American manner of life ; a manner for which bookmans criticized him for. Copland was considered an foreigner in many ways ; he was the first American composer to give the United States and its people their ain distinguishable musical linguistic communication. Norman Rockwell and Aaron Copland each contributed a wondrous alone and meaningful signifier of art and music. each are clearly American in every sense of the word.

Norman Rockwell’s The Four Freedoms Norman Rockwell was one of the most good known American creative persons of the 20th century. Rockwell’s manner as an illustrator and painter was used intentionally to portray a happy and unworried life that was full of American nostalgia ; a clean and simple state life style. As a immature grownup his end was to set down a screen on the Saturday Evening Post for which he finally illustrated 321 screens in over 47 old ages. As a proud American. Rockwell was a enormous protagonist of his state and the United States military.

When World War II arrived President Franklin D. Roosevelt delivered a address to congress which defined the four indispensable freedoms for all Americans. Inspired by President Roosevelt’s words. Rockwell decided to exemplify the address through four pictures called The Four Freedoms ( Biography Today. 2010 ) . Norman Rockwell’s works by and large touched upon the simple state life without contention. fright. choler or ugliness involved. However with the eruption of World War II Rockwell felt compelled to make something for his state.

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The Four Freedoms had both societal and political effects on the war attempt and brought Rockwell into a different kingdom from which people were used to. The Four Freedoms represented Freedom of Speech and look throughout the universe ; Freedom from Fear in trusting for a decrease in armaments so that the universe may populate in peace ; Freedom of Worship so that each individual can idolize their God in their ain manner ; and Freedom from Want an economic apprehension throughout the universe that every state will bask peace and security.

Freedom of Speech is a picture that is represented by a on the job category adult male standing up to talk publically. While Freedom from Fear portrays a twosome inserting their kids into bed ; the male parent is keeping a newspaper with a headline speech production of the war. Freedom of Worship portrays many different people in single supplication ; and eventually the most good known of the four. Freedom from Want is a picture of an aged adult female puting a roasted Meleagris gallopavo before her happy household. Each painting finally made its manner into the Saturday Evening Post and was accompanied by an essay written by different writers.

Carlos Bulosan. a Filipino-American author composed the essay for Freedom from Want and expressed so articulately what he felt was the American ideal ; “It is the self-respect of the single to populate in a society of free work forces. where the spirit of apprehension and belief exist ; of understanding that all work forces are equal ; that all work forces. whatever their colour. race. faith or estate. should be given equal chance to function themselves and each other harmonizing to their demands and abilities. ” ( Janairo. 2011 ) .

After the Saturday Evening Post published The Four Freedoms in their magazine the pictures began a circuit around the United States in an attempt to back up the war finally raising more than $ 133 million in war bonds and casts. Stephanie Plunkett. the deputy manager and main conservator of the Norman Rockwell Museum stated that Rockwell as an creative person was known for giving more attending to life’s simple minutes. However. with The Four Freedoms there was an chance for Rockwell to go forth an tremendous impact on Americans and their feelings for what was happening in the universe during that clip.

Plunkett states that the images were of great inspiration to our state at a clip when it was needed. Today The Four Freedoms continue to vibrate the importance of society and the universe status. transporting the same messages that Rockwell had intended when he painted them over 70 old ages ago ( Janairo. 2010 ) . Aaron Copland’s Appalachian Spring Aaron Copland was likely one of the best known and good well-thought-of American composers of the 20th century.

While Copland studied composing overseas in France his desire was to do a alone American musical manner ; he accomplished this by integrating traditional American music such as wind and common people into his classical composings. Copland set American classical music apart from all other manners and gave Americans a music to name our ain. Due to his alone daring manner Copland was approached by American choreographer Martha Graham. Graham asked Copland to compose a concert dance that would sum up the lives of people populating through times of peace and battle.

This resulted in Appalachian Spring. a 14 motion work picturing a Shaker nuptials and the emotions and events associated with it ( Scher. 2005 ) . Copland worked under the rubric of Ballet for Martha which he used throughout his originative procedure. However. merely yearss before the introduction public presentation Graham decided to alter the rubric to Appalachian Spring merely because she “just liked the name” . In fact. Graham was inspired by this phrase from poet Hart Crane ; “O Appalachian Spring! I gained the shelf ; Steep. unaccessible smiling that eastward decompression sicknesss

And northbound ranges in that violet cuneus Of Adirondack! – wisped of cerulean wands…” Copland complied with the name. every bit good as with legion secret plan alterations by Graham with no alteration to the music ( Scher 2005 ) . Following several public presentations audience members commented to Copland that they could conceive of the Appalachians and experience spring. neither of which he had ab initio envisioned when composing the mark ( Kennard & A ; Saffa. 2006 ) . Aaron Copland’s societal and political belief of the Shaker peoples was apparent in the context of Appalachian Spring.

The Shakers as a group of people incorporated dance and music into their mundane lives. similar as to how the concert dance portrays them. Appalachian Spring is an drawn-out metaphor on peace and war. During the clip that Copland was composing the piece there was much turbulency happening within America and the universe ; World War II was making its flood tide. while America and Japan were on border with one another. This is brooding as the concert dance begins with an atmospheric about aeriform sound. like small wisps of fog early in the forenoon.

Finally it clears up and things give manner to a nuptials. which most of the concert dance is compromised of. Following the marrying a demon-like animal made of fire and native sulfur arrives to state the merely merrily married twosome that they will hold to give something in order to stay happy together. When the animal departs. the twosome reflects on their newfound cognition and they live merrily of all time after ; we are so reminded that with felicity and freedom there is a monetary value one must pay ( Kennard & A ; Saffa. 2006 ) . Copland and Graham were both modernists. determined to travel their several Fieldss of art forward.

They foremost collaborated in 1931. when Graham did a solo dance to Copland’s controversial and highly ambitious Piano Variations ( written in 1930 ) entitled Dithyrambic. Later. the two worked together on another dance undertaking. entitled Lamentations. Appalachian Spring is the first concert dance in which the two collaborated by having a full ensemble. there were multiple terpsichoreans and the music was easier to listen to. The original ensemble was to be made up of 12 instrumentalists due to the fact that the concert dance was short in length and the music and dance were both merely done.

However. Copland insisted on a group of 13 instrumentalists ; in later old ages the piece would finally be arranged into a suite for full orchestra. The mark consisted chiefly of a kind of subject and fluctuations on the old Shaker dance melody “Simple Gifts” . which arguably gives the piece its ultimate American feel. Copland scholar Howard Pollack stated that the piece Appalachian Spring made both Copland and Graham renowned creative persons ( Scher. 2005 ) . Norman Rockwell and Aaron Copland were both iconic American creative persons in their ain rights. Each of these work forces brought a really specific “Americana” to their plants touching upon the bosom and psyche of all Americans.

Rockwell expressed through his illustrations and pictures pure and simple American nostalgia. Copland on the other manus gave Americans a musical linguistic communication that we could eventually name our ain. He possessed an ability that allowed for the hearer to paint a image of a great America in their head when listening to his olympian composings. Both Norman Rockwell and Aaron Copland were fantastic creative persons who have left a really specific and unerasable grade on American civilization and society ; their artistic parts will everlastingly be woven into the cloth of the American dream.


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