1. Theorist Selected: Florence Nightingale born on 5/12/1820. a author. a philosopher. a theoretician. a “reformer. a statistician. an decision maker. a researcher” ( Attewell. 1998 ) . an pedagogue. and a nurse leader.
2. Description of cardinal points of the theory: Nightingale was one of the first theoretician to link the environment with the patient’s good being. Nightingale believed a individuals wellness depended on their environment and that patients will be compliant to intervention because they wanted to be cared for and be healthy. Nightingale believed ( as cited by Alligood. 2010. p. 101 ) . “that the individual was a holistic person and therefore had a religious dimension. She believed nursing was a religious naming. and with that belief she assumed that nurses could assist those clients who were in religious hurt. ” She believed that the manner the place. community or infirmary room was kept affected the patient’s mending procedure.
She created “13 cannons: Ventilation and heat. visible radiation. cleanliness of suites and walls. wellness of houses. noise. bed and bedclothes. personal cleanliness. assortment. clicking hopes and advices. taking nutrient. what nutrient. junior-grade direction and observation of the sick” ( Alligood. 2010. p. 101-102 ) that aid assistance in the attention of the patient and the environment to assist advance good wellness. She besides believed that nurses should be caring in nature and want to care for the ailment and non for personal addition. Nightingale promoted a well balanced diet to assist the patient with the healing procedure.
3. Theory’s historical background: Nightingale developed her passion immature in life. Cook wrote ( as cited by Selanders. 2010 ) “She records in her diary an interaction with God at age 16 when He “called her to His service” . Nightingale clarified ( as cited by Alligood. 2010. p. 98 ) . “nursing cognition is distinguishable from medical cognition. ” Nursing focal points on the patient and the environment to advance wellness where medical specialty focuses on disease procedure and medicative usage for wellness. In 1854-60 Nightingale cared for the hurt soldiers in the Crimean War with “emphasis on hygiene” ( Attewell. 1998 ) .
During her clip in the Crimean war she persuaded the instruction of ground forces soldiers and physicians. which so lead to an gap of a pathology lab. She was an advocator for nursing instruction and clinical experience. “In 1860 founded 1st plan to educate nurses in St. Thomas Hospital in London” ( Alligood. 2010. p. 98 ) . In 1882 she wrote 2 articles “nurses. developing of” . “nursing the sick” . they were in mention to how nursing school should be developing. Let us non bury how she help analyse informations she collected. “Statistics were a critical constituent of Nightingale’s systemic attack to wellness care” ( McDonald. 2010 ) .
Complete the following grid based on the selected theoretician information.
Define each term harmonizing to the selected theoretician.
Explain how the selected theorist’s attack to each component of the metaparadigm applies to the followers:
Applied to Nursing Practice
Applied to Nursing Education
Applied to Nursing Research
Harmonizing to Alligood ( 2010. p98 ) . “most of Nightingale’s Hagiographas refer to the individual as the 1 who is having attention. she did believe that the individual is a dynamic and complex being” . The one whose wellness is affected by the environment. The patient allows the nurse to supply attention and assist advance a healthier environment. McDonald noted ( as cited by Hegge. 2013 ) “Nightingale realized that propertyless adult females needed instruction to go competent nurses. so she began planing educational elements that would subsequently be used in the Nightingale School of Nursing. ” Nightingale’s research and informations aggregation was done for the benefit of the patient. Making grounds based patterns.
Harmonizing to Alligood ( 2010. p 98 ) Nightingale wrote. “Health is non merely to be good. but to be able to utilize good every power we have. ” Nightingale created the 13 canons to assist advance wellness. Geting patients back to their operation position before they fell ill. Nightingale promoted patient wellness instruction. particularly in the immature adult females so her kids could be healthy. Nightingale statistical expertness aid do alterations to better a patients attention and overall wellness.
Whall noted ( as cited by Alligood. 2010. p. 99 ) “Nightingale saw nursing as the “science of environmental direction. ” Nightingale put four stairss for nursing procedure: observation of patient’s wellness position. designation what needs altering in the environment. execution of nursing attention program. reappraisal of patient’s wellness position with certification of all stairss. Nightingale advocated for nursing instruction. Schools taught nurses how to detect a patient. how to change the environment and implement alterations. We report back to the doctor from our appraisals and reappraisals. Nightingale had the infirmary roll uping informations study informations such as mortality and length of stay. The information was analyzed and so alterations in patterns were implemented.
Selanders stated ( as cited by Alligood. 2010. p98 ) that “environment can be defined as anything that can be manipulated to put a patient in the best possible status for nature to act” . Puting the patient in the appropriate environment.
For illustration. Making a pleasant. composure. soothing and quiet environment in a baby’s room so babes can rest and remain healthy without hurt. Schools created to assist educate the hereafter nurses. In those instructions were the “how to alter. alter. or better the patient’s immediate environment. Nightingale’s collected statistics on the environment in which the soldiers dwelled in and analyzed it making alterations.
Alligood. M. R. ( 2010 ) . Nursing theory: Utilization & A ; application ( 4th ed. ) . Maryland Heights. Moment: Mosby Elsevier. pgs 98. Retreived from the UOP ebook aggregation. Attewell. A. ( 1998 ) . Florence nightingale ( 1820-1910 ) . Prospects. 28 ( 1 ) . 151-166. Department of the Interior: hypertext transfer protocol: //dx. Department of the Interior. org/10. 1007/BF02737786. Retrieved from the UOP online library Selanders. L. C. ( 2010. March ) . The Power of Environmental Adaptation: Florence Nightingale’s Original Theory for Nursing Practice. Journal of Holistic Nursing. 28 ( 1 ) . 81-88. doi:10. 1177/0898010109360257. Retrieved from the UOP online library Hegge. M. ( 2013. July ) . Nightingale’s Environmental Theory. Nursing Science Quarterly. 26 ( 3 ) . 211-219. doi:10. 1177/0894318413489255. Retrieved from the UOP online library McDonald. L. ( 2010. March ) . Florence Nightingale Passionate Statistician. Journal of Holistic Nursing. 28 ( 1 ) . 92-98. doi:10. 1177/0898010109358769. Retrieved from the UOP online library