Mission Statement: “The Royal Air Force exists to generate air power to meet the Defence mission”
1. Armed Forces Act 2006 – This act harmonises the arrangements for discipline across all three services so that all personnel are subject to same system wherever in the world they are serving. This increases fairness and efficiency, particular in joint units, and thus support operational effectiveness.
1. Defend the UK and its interests
2. Strengthen international peace and stability
3. Be a force for good in the world
1. Air defence – A quick reaction alert force of Tornado F3 and Typhoon aircraft is ready at all times to intercept any airborne threat to the United Kingdom, aided by radar and command and control sites and VC10 air to air refuelling tankers.
1. Search and rescue – Also on standby 24/7 are S&R helicopters and mountain rescue teams, ready to rescue those in distress, or to provide aid during domestic emergencies.
2. Ground attack – The Royal air force regiment is the ground fighting force of the Royal air force. The RAF regiment fights on the ground to insure control of the air.
1. Aerial Reconnaissance- On the modern battlefield, information, particularly accurate and timely information, is vital to any force commander. To supply this resource, the RAF operates a variety of aircraft equipped with world-leading reconnaissance systems. As a maritime nation, protection of the sea lanes is also of paramount importance, a role fulfilled by Raytheon Sentinel, MQ-9 Reaper (UAV), Beechcraft Shadow R1 and more.
1. Transport -The RAF has a commitment to support the British Army and our NATO allies in the field. Transport aircrafts have a number of tasks in this role, largely transport of supplies, equipment and troops to bases. Aside from this major task, the RAF helicopter forces also evacuate casualties, and operate in support of UN peacekeeping forces worldwide.
1. Medical Evacuation- RAF transport evacuates the wounded from the battlefield or from a scene of an accident. This is provided with medical personnel on board given care to the patients while being transported to medical facilities. Primary medical evacuations used in the RAF usually are search and rescues helicopters, Air ambulance, Chinook helicopter or ground vehicles. The patients are then treated to a nearby facility and depending on the injury, finally transported again to a more advanced medical facility by using aircrafts such as; C-17 Globe master, C-130 Hercules and other types. Another word for Medical evacuation is ‘MEDEVAC’.
1. Humanitarian aid- RAF transport aircraft and personnel are always ready to help with humanitarian aid in times of national emergency, such as natural disasters, earthquakes and famine relief.
Missions Statement: “The primary job of the British Police is to prevent, deter, detect and reduce crime within the UK territorial boundaries and in the case of certain specific crimes to protect UK nationals anywhere in the world.”
Legislation: There are various acts, offences and common laws that are used by the police force. For example;
1. Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 –Governs police powers
2. Police reform act 2002 – Make the police more efficient and cost effective, increased accountability.
3. Criminal Justice and Police Act 2001 – Disclosure of information surrounding disorder.
The purpose of having these legislations is to put a society in order by creating a safer and healthier society.
The roles and responsibilities of a police officer include making an initial response to incidents that take place anywhere in their area and making decisions to deal with them in the most appropriate way.
1. Police Officers (including special constables)
2. Police Community Support Officers
3. Police Staff and Volunteers
1. Dealing with anti-social behaviour – The police and other relevant organisations, such as the local authority, council or housing association, will often work together in tackling some of the issues surrounding anti-social behaviour. Initially, unless a problem threatens to get immediately out of hand, they will usually adopt a ‘softly softly’ approach and have a word with the offenders to try to help them understand the consequences of their actions, and discourage any subsequent repeat of the behaviour in question. There can be a wide range of anti-social behaviour from graffiti on walls, to noisy neighbours to stone throwing and trespassing.
2. Protecting important people – Close protection is a vital part of police work and many prominent people are provided with personal protection by the police. The Royal family for example have a special unit whose officers travel everywhere in the world that the Royal family visits. Diplomats from all countries are also protected by a large specialist department of officers in London.
3. Dealing with public disorder – The UK police do not have a permanent riot police as exists in many countries. Officers volunteer to be trained to various levels of readiness for dealing with outbreaks of public disorder and are called away from their regular duties to deal with such major disturbances. Serious disturbance are relatively unusual events and controls measures are often pre-planned in response to intelligence that is gathered in advance.
4. Investigations – All officers are trained in a variety of investigative techniques at various levels from simple questioning of subjects to advance interviewing and the gathering of evidence. Specialist investigations are carried out by officers trained for the role and can cover such things as terrorist incidents, kidnapping, drugs and fraud.
5. Supporting victims – All officers are trained to support victims of crime and to have enhanced listening skills. Some officers develop a particular empathy with victims of crime and choose to become Victim Support Officers of family liaison officers.
6. Saving lives – This is a primary role of all police officers and they often have to save lives in demanding circumstances: this could include preventing people from committing suicide others who are trapped in burning buildings or individuals involved in fights. Every officer receives full emergency lifesaving (ELS) training and this is refreshed every six months.
7. Arresting people – Although this is generally seen as the last resort, arresting people is an important role of the police for which full training in a variety of techniques is provided. Depriving someone of their liberty is a serious step to take. Officers are thoroughly trained in all aspects of when and where they can and should arrest offenders.
8. Major disasters – Thankfully these are relatively rare and police officers will probably only attend three or four such incidents in their career unless they are part of a specialist unit. Major disasters of recent years have involved rail crashes, football stadium fires and flooding.