P4 explain positive working practice with individuals with additional learning needs.
A positive working practice is when a person’s specific needs are met in a specific way, each individual has their own specific needs so any support that individual receives should be tailored to that individual’s specific needs.
When providing care practitioners need to give the service user as much independence over their situation as possible. By promoting the individual’s independence, it allows them to develop skills and gain the confidence they need to try again. This helps improve their quality of life. Because promoting the individual helps them with their confidence that means they may have more belief in themselves that they can do what they want to do. Promoting individual’s independence can also improve quality of life, this is because if someone just sits around as they cannot move by themselves if given the help they need to learn how to achieve moving alone then they will be able to move around more and will not be sat around which would result in a poor quality of life.
Health care providers can promote independence in many ways, one example would be giving those with additional needs more opportunities to do what they want to do themselves, like asking them if they wish to bathe themselves with someone nearby to help if something goes wrong or asking if the individual wishes to choose their own clothes or brush their hair/teeth. Starting with smaller task that the individual may find it easier to do and slowly working their way up so the individual has more confidence over time and can then do things by themselves.
Promoting independence also fits with the Mental Capacity Act 2005 , the Mental Capacity Act states that if the individual can accomplish an activity on their own and would like to then they should be able to and if not should be given the support to do so.
Personal care are things such as helping an individual to clean their teeth, brush their hair or helping an individual bathe. Personal care is given when the individual is unable to take care of themselves. Personal care is given according to what the individual can or cannot do. Each time personal care is given it is centred around that individual and their needs, personal care is also made to be gentle to the individual, help to promote the individual’s independence and respect the individual’s privacy
When giving personal care it is important to make sure the service user consents to the care, it is also important to make sure the individual is aware of what is going on as if they are not aware of what is going to happen they may not be able to properly consent to it. It is also important to ask the individual if they wish to try to do some of the personal care themselves, this helps to promote the individual’s independence which will in turn allow the individual to learn new skills they can use to try and do their own personal care in the future. It is also important to respect the individual’s privacy when doing personal care, for example if the individual is showering they may wish to do so behind a curtain so they will not be washed as they shower, or closing the door as the individual is being dresses or when the individual is being washed in bed then the individual has a towel over them at all time so they feel more comfortable.
This positive working practice falls in will The Human Rights Act, this is because the act states that all individuals have rights to privacy so when giving personal care the individual is given privacy and this is implementing the human rights act. (prezi.com)
Coping strategies include things such as helping an individual come to terms with moving into a new environment or losing a loved one. Coping strategies can come into play when working with individuals who find it more difficult to understand the situation they are in and why or in some situations they cannot come to terms with why or what has happened.
Some coping strategies may include;
Inclusion in group activities,
Taking up a hobby,
Reminiscing with those around you,
Or communicating with others to make more friends.
In my placement a lady who had lost her husband became very withdrawn and refused to do anything out of her room, however staff realised the reason she stayed in her room was because she shared the room with her husband and while it reminded her of him it also made her very sad. Over time staff helped the lady start up a hobby gardening in the garden with other residents she also tried spending time with the other residents taking part in activities such as baking/cake decorating and lunch in the garden.
Over time the lady began to become more included in the things and more outgoing and engage with others more to, she still got sad because of her loss but began to find it easier to discuss the issues with others. This element of trust that she gained from those around her helped her to overcome the problems she had.
Coping strategies would relate to The Equality act 2010 that states everyone should be given the same opportunities and be given access to the same opportunities so by helping an individual to overcome something using coping strategies you are giving that individual the opportunities available to others and helping them to be able to complete activities on their own and to come to terms with whatever happened in their own time. (prezi.com)
Financial support could refer to when an individual get disability pay, sickness pay or a pension depending on their additional need, or in worse cases helping an individual to fight for the financial support that is rightly theirs.
In my placement it was important each resident had their share of money which they could use to spend on what they wished. For example, if a resident ran out of shampoo they could either go out with a member of staff to buy some more or give the money o the staff for them to buy it for the resident. However, another resident was a young man with severe autism because of this the man could not work and was given personal independence payment (PIP) this meant that he got a weekly allowance to go towards his care and anything else he needed for his disability.
Financial support relates to the Disability Discrimination Act 1995, these two relate because if an individual felt that because they were no longer working or because they had a disability those with additional needs did not deserve additional funding they may discriminate ate against those with additional needs.
M2 discuss positive working practice with individuals with additional learning needs.
There are many barriers that can affect those with additional needs, however with positive working practices it can help to eliminate all of the barriers those with additional needs can still face some issues.
Those with additional needs may find that finding employment is a barrier, this is because finding employment available to them or that they are able to do is quite difficult. This could also be that those who are interviewing the individuals are prejudice and stereotype those with additional needs and this can lead to them not being able to get a job. This could knock the individual’s confidence and stop them from being able to carry on learning new skills. However, if the job was available to them this could help them to be more confident and learn new skills. However, if the individual had their independence they would have more confidence in themselves which could lead to them being a great candidate for the job and then the interviewer would see that. Additional needs should not play a role in deciding whether or not an individual has access to jobs, activities and other opportunities. However, some people may be very stubborn with their stereotypes and prejudice and won’t change their thoughts or ways. This discrimination against those with additional needs may end up with the individual being denied a job. ( www.evenbreak.co.uk)
Personal care is when a practitioner helps an individual with everyday physical needs. A barrier to personal care could be attitudes. Attitudes could be a barrier because people could judge other before actually getting to know them. People who provide personal care should have the trust and a bond with the person they are giving personal care to so if the practitioner has an attitude it can lead to them becoming ignorant and rude to those with additional needs. One way to break down this barrier is for each practitioner to be given a workshop or extra training so they are able to understand what it is like for those with additional needs and how to properly help them. Another way would be if the individual with additional needs to be able to be confident and speak to people which shows that they are just normal, ordinary individuals. However, people may still be stubborn and refuse to see it in any other light and not change their attitude or how they view others.
Another barrier could be communication. In some cases, those with additional needs cannot speak, because of this other may not be able to understand them. With safe practice individuals can feel more secure and safe in situations and therefore feel more comfortable this then allows service users to build up trusting relationships with others which can overcome that barrier as it can help them to feel safe and for both parties’ to understand each other better. However sometimes even though safe practice is in place he individual may not feel comfortable which would continue to lead to a rift in trust as they will continue to see you as someone not worthy of trust
D1 evaluate working practices and their potential for breaking down barriers and improving the wellbeing and life chances of individuals with additional needs.
By promoting independence individual can develop new skills over time and gain the confidence they need, this can help those with additional needs as they will have more chances and have a better wellbeing. By allowing individual to have the chance to develop new skills it enable then to have a better life as they are equipped with skills they can use in everyday life and can give them more opportunities in the future. Also by promoting the individual’s independence the individual can develop their confidence which in turn could improve their mental wellbeing.
Personal care can help to make people trust one another, this is because as the practitioner and services user work together an element of trust will be built between then and they will both feel safe and protected. By having trust in those around them those with additional needs will not be worrying about those around them because they have trust that those around them will protect them. having trust during a process like personal care is highly important because of the delicacy of the situation, however this trust can be transferred to many other situations. However, if the service user is only able to find trust in the practitioner/carer and no other their trust will have no effect on anyone else so I may not make a very big impact on the rest of their life.
Promoting coping strategies helps the individual that during their care they will be looked after and helped by those around them and that they will be helped and will be able to trust and communicate their feelings to those around them. Because the individual has access to help from the individuals around them the individual could have a boost in their self-esteem and promote their mental state to. By helping the individual to come up with ways to cope with what could be going on in their lives their future lives could be changed for the better and there may be more options available to them. However, some people with additional neds have other aspects of their lives that cannot be changed so easily so even if they feel better and are working with coping strategies they may still not feel as though they can speak to those around them which could end up with them being back where they started.
Financial support helps individuals to feel that they are safe and have the funding they need to continue living and are not just living below they line because they cannot afford to have an additional need that is not their choice, with the funding available to them it can help them to travel to work, doctors school and other such necessity’s such as important medications for their disabilities or extra help they may need for day to day life, this means they can afford what they need and can live a relatively normal life. However, some individuals may not believe that someone deserve extra financial help and may begin to discriminate or make derogatory comments about those with additional needs which may damage the individuals mental state.