Perception interest, preconceived notions, and present circumstances;

March 26, 2019 Education

Perception is an unconscious process where we take in sensory information from our environment and and we use this information in order to create our own version of reality. Perception depends not only on the physical stimuli, but also on the stimuli’s relation to the surrounding field and on conditions within the individual. There are different factors that influences perception which include our environment, past experiences, education, assumptions and expectations, culture, self-concept, motive, interest, preconceived notions, and present circumstances; and that is why people sees things differently from another.
Perception can vary widely among individuals exposed to the same reality; what one perceives can be substantially different from objective reality. People construct their own perception based on how they see things and how they perceived the world and this direct their action and thoughts.
Experiences: What we perceive is firmly influenced by our past experience, education, culture, values and other several factors, in which all these influences predispose people to pay particular attention to certain information and to organize and interpret the information in certain ways. Past experience and education can lead to assumptions and preconceived notions. Through experience, the mind/brain builds perceptual categories of objects. These categories emerge from basic interaction with the object and, in humans, via conceptual knowledge and naming. Our expectations subconsciously tell us what to look for and how to interpret what we see. Just as one object can give rise to multiple perception, so an object may fail to give rise to any perception at all; if the percept has no grounding in a person’s experience, the person may literally not perceive it.
The processes of perception alter what humans see. When people view something/object with a preconceived concept, they tend to take those concepts and see them whether or not they are there. This problem derives from the fact that humans are unable to understand new information, without the inherent influence of their previous knowledge. A person’s knowledge creates their reality as much as the truth, because the human mind can only contemplate that to which it has been exposed to. When objects are viewed without understanding, the mind will try to reach for something that it already recognizes in order to process what it is viewing. That which most closely relates to the unfamiliar from our past experiences, makes up what we see when we look at things that we don’t comprehend.
https://creducation.net/resources/perception_checking/influences_on_perception.html
One of the influences of perception is also our environment. Environment can be classify into three types according to how they influence people, and they are physiological influences, psychological influences and social influences.
The physiological influences come from the physical environment and ways in which we are different from each other. People receive sensory information differently, which can affect personal relationships. Age, or the older we are, allows for greater experience and reach, and these developmental differences shape our perceptions.
The psychological influences affects how we feel at a time, or our mood, which can have a significant effect on how we view people and events. If we are in a positive mood, we are more likely to view other people around us and our environment positively, but if it’s in another case where we are in a negative mood, it may affect things around us negatively. Although mood may be a temporary condition, our self concept or the way we see and feel about ourselves, has long-term influence on how we perceive others and their behaviours.
The social influences have an effect on our position in society which also shapes our view of society and individual members. Our socioeconomic level, family background, and position in the community all will influence our perception of others. Our occupational role, perception of that role by society, and educational background influence how we see things around us. Our gender and relational roles, such as family members and friends, are perceived differently than others. We also are strongly influenced by our culture and its interpretation, organization, and negotiation.

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