Qatar has an emirate -type authorities. Qatar claims that it is developing into aA constitutional monarchy but it doesnt allowA political partiesA nor hold elections on a national degree yet.Suffrage is presently limited to municipal elections ( for both males and females aged 18 old ages or more ) . Expatriate occupants are excluded, as are the huge figure of occupants who are prevented from using for citizenship. The elective Municipal Council has no executive powers but may offer advice to the Minister.
Katar is divided into 10 municipalities, besides on occasion or seldom translated as governorates or states:
Jariyan Al Batnah
Since 2004, Qatar has been divided into eight municipalities.A A new municipality, A Al Daayen, was created under Resolution No. 13A formed from parts of Umm Salal and Al Khawr ; at the same clip, Al Ghuwariyah was merged with Al Khawr ; Al Jumaliyah was merged with Ar Rayyan ; and Jarayan al Batnah was split between Ar Rayyan and Al Wakrah.
Basic Economic Facts
GDP: A US $ 71.2 billion ( 2007 est, Qatar Statistic Authority )
GDP per capita: A US $ 74,000
Annual Growth: A 14.2 %
Inflation: A 13.73 %
Major Industries: A Petrochemicals, Financial Services, Construction
Major merchandising spouses: A Japan, US, UK, Singapore, South Korea, Italy, Germany, UAE, France, Saudi Arabia
Exchange rate: A ?1 = QR 5.97 ( October 2009 ) US $ 1 = QR 3.64 ( fixed )
Average OIL Production
Global economic system expected to turn 3.9 % in 2010, emerging economic systems to spread out 6.0 % .US economic system registered 5.6 % growing in Q4 2009, fastest since 3rd one-fourth of 2003.Global composite PMI indicates continued enlargement of fabrication and services industry activity. Qatar ‘s existent GDP is expected to spread out by 18.1 % in 2010 Continued authorities support and increased hydrocarbon grosss to hike the economy.Central Bank ‘s net militias estimated at US $ 19.3 bn ( 2009 ) , up from US $ 9.8 bn in 2008. Business optimism in the non hydrocarbon sector has stabilized in last two quarters.Drop in selling monetary value optimism becomes a retarding force on the hydrocarbon sector mentality. Global building sector presently driven by substructure disbursement as commercial belongings undergoes correction.Demand mentality for Qatar ‘s building sector shows marks of betterment with increasing optimism on new orders.Profitability degrees are expected to remain muted due to higher natural stuff costs.While income from oil, presently produced at around 800,000 barrels per twenty-four hours, histories for most of the authorities ‘s gross, Qatar ‘s future economic system will depend progressively on gas. Qatar has invested to a great extent in universe category Liquefied Natural Gas ( LNG ) installations including a deep-water port at Ras Laffan to work the North Dome gas field. This field is the universe ‘s largest non-associated gas field, keeping 14-16 % of universe militias. At current planned rates of extraction the field will last for over two hundred old ages. Qatar is already the taking planetary provider of LNG and end product is expected to increase to 77 million metric tons per twelvemonth by 2012. A There are two national gas companies, Qatargas and RasGas. Through the South Hook LNG terminus in Wales, Qatar is capable of providing up to 20 % of the UK ‘s gas demands. Government attempts to diversify the economic system have led to the constitution of petrochemical, oil-refining, and fertilizer industries, every bit good as the constitution of Qatar Airways, the Qatar Science and Technology Park and the growing of Doha as a regional conference Centre. Qatar pursues a vigorous plan of “ Qatarization, ” under which all joint venture industries and authorities sections strive to travel Qatari subjects into places of greater authorization. Turning Numberss of foreign-educated Qataris, including many educated in the U.S. , are returning place to presume cardinal places once occupied by exiles. In order to command the inflow of expatriate workers, Qatar has tightened the disposal of its foreign work force plans over the past several old ages. Security is the chief footing for Qatar ‘s rigorous entry and in-migration regulations and ordinances.
Nationality: A Noun and adjectival — Qatari ( s ) .
Population ( May 2008 est. ) : 1,448,446 ; males 1,096,815 ( 75.7 % ) ; females 351,630 ( 24.3 % ) .
Population growing rate ( May 2008 est. ) : 59.6 % .
Cultural groups: Qatari ( Arab ) 20 % ; other Arab 20 % ; Indian 20 % ; Filipino 10 % ; Nepali 13 % ; Pakistani 7 % ; Sri Lankan 5 % ; other 5 % .
Religion: Islam ( province faith, claimed by virtually all of the autochthonal population ) .
Languages: Arabic ( official ) ; English ( widely spoken ) .
Education: A Compulsory — ages 6-16.A Attendance — 98 % .A LiteracyA ( 2004 est. ) — 89 % entire population, 89.1 % male, 88.6 % female.
Health ( 2007 est. ) : A Infant mortality rate — 17.46/1,000 unrecorded births.A Life anticipation — 74.14 old ages.
Work force ( 2006 ) : 508,000.A Private sector — 61.2 % ; A assorted sector — 28.5 % ; A authorities — 5.6 % .
Public wellness services and instruction are provided free by the province through the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs, which besides provides aid to orphans, widows, and other Qatari subjects in demand of assistance.Both jurisprudence and Islamic imposts closely restrict the activities of Qatari adult females, who are mostly limited to functions within the place. Womans are non allowed to obtain a driver ‘s licence without the permission of her hubby. Shari’ah jurisprudence governs heritage and child detention affairs and favours work forces. However, turning Numberss of adult female are having authorities scholarships to analyze abroad, and some adult females work in instruction, medical specialty, and the media. Womans comprise two-thirds of the pupil organic structure at Qatar University. Although domestic force occurs, it is non a widespread problem.Non-Muslims and Shi’a Muslims experience favoritism in employment and instruction. They are besides unable to convey suits as complainants in Shari’ah tribunals. Foreigners make up 75 % of the work force yet are discriminated against and sometimes mistreated. A constitutional commission convened in 1999 to outline a lasting fundamental law that would let for parliamentary elections. Bodily penalty is allowed by jurisprudence, although amputation is non. In 1995, an American received 90 ciliums for alleged homosexual activities.
Qatar ‘s strength is derived from its oil and gas grosss which have made it one of the wealthiest states in the universe in footings of per capita income. The Government of Qatar has ownership involvements in several economic sectors, including oil and gases production, petrochemicals, and the steel and fertiliser industries. Impressive Technology is the chief ground for Qatar winning command for 2022 FIFA universe cup.Qatar may non hold the largest IT market but in 2010 it appeared better than many other markets. The IT services market is forecast to be the fastest-growing section of the Qatari IT market between 2010 and 2014, surpassing the hardware and package sectors. Indeed, it has steadily increased for the last 10 old ages. With IT services disbursement estimated to turn to US $ 151mn by 2014, the following period promises to see more chances in sectors such as fiscal services, health care, instruction and communications.A Nanotechnology in Fieldss assisting to do best quality merchandises at lower cost. IT companies join forcesing to entree the market. Inventions and invention rate. Mechanization tendency in the state.
Environmental duty is vested in the Ministry of Industry and Agriculture. An Environmental Protection Committee was created in 1984 to supervise environmental jobs. Conservation of oil supplies, saving of the natural wildlife heritage, and increasing the H2O supply through desalinization are high on Qatar ‘s environmental precedence list. Air, H2O, and land pollution are besides important environmental issues in Qatar. In add-on to smog and acid rain, the state has been affected by the air pollution generated during the Persian Gulf War. Pollution from the oil industry poses a menace to the state ‘s H2O. The state ‘s dirts have been damaged by pesticides and fertilisers, and its agricultural land is in danger of desertification. Endangered species include the hawkbill polo-neck, green sea polo-neck, and white pasang. Limited natural fresh H2O resources are increasing dependance on large-scale desalinization installations. The State of Qatar is a peninsula located between 24o 27- and 26o 10- N latitude and 50o 45- and 51o 40- E longitude. It is about 180 kilometers long and 85 kilometers broad, covering an country of 11,437 km2. Qatar is surrounded on three sides by the Waterss of the Arabian Gulf and connected to the South by land to Saudi Arabia.A As Qatar is subjected to an waterless clime, it chiefly possesses an waterless dirt, with harsh texture, shallow deepness and low keeping depression of soluble substances.
Qatar has a discretional system of jurisprudence controlled by the amir, although civil codifications are being implemented ; Islamic jurisprudence is important in personal affairs. When contrasted with other Arab provinces such as Saudi Arabia, for case, Qatar has relatively broad Torahs, but is still non every bit broad as some of its neighbors like UAE or Bahrain. Qatar is a civil jurisprudence legal power. However, Shari’a or Islamic jurisprudence is applied to facets of household jurisprudence, heritage and certain condemnable Acts of the Apostless. Womans can lawfully drive in Qatar, whereas they may non in Saudi Arabia and there is a strong accent in equality and human rights brought by the HRA. The state has non accepted mandatory International Court of Justice legal power. On February 24, 2010, Qatar and Iran signed a defence co-operation understanding in which the two states stressed the demand to spread out their defence cooperation.
Iran and Qatar will: –
exchange specialised and proficient commissions
expand cooperation in preparation
behavior joint runs against terrorist act and insecurity in the part
March 10, 2010. Qatari Prime Minister Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim bin Jaber Al Thani has given his support to Iran ‘s right to atomic engineering, and considers Iran ‘s atomic undertaking to be for peaceable atomic energy intents.
If we evaluate Qatar on the footing of Porter ‘s diamond theoretical account: –
RELATED AND SUPPORTING INDUSTRIES
Katar is one of the richest state of the Arab. Mostly it is dependent on its Oil and Gas resources. It is bettering in IT sector and emerging every bit great menace to many markets because it performed exceptionally good in 2010. Oil and Gas industries are the major industries.Vodafone besides entered the telecomm market.
Katar may look little, but in commercial footings it is a lifting giant. This Iranian Gulf Emirate is merely larger than Connecticut and its population is less than 1 million.But its progressive authorities has ambitious programs to transform this peninsula into an international hub for touristry, finance, and instruction. U.S. companies interested in international chances should see current tendencies and future undertakings in Qatar.
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Katar has the 3rd largest militias of natural gas in the universe.
Qatar ‘s per capita GDP is one the highest in the universe at around $ 30,000.
Multi-billion dollar undertakings in legion sectors in the coming old ages.
Pro-american concern clime and beef uping U.S.-Qatar dealingss.
Business-friendly commercial processs and political stableness.
Strong general authorities balance sheet.Substantial external liquidity.Good economic chances and high per capita income.There is great optimism and exhilaration among the concern community in Qatar.By transforming hydrocarbon wealth into modern wellness installations, touristry substructure, and western-style instruction establishments, the Qatari Government aims to breed a advanced and highly-skilled population. The Katari Government has established credibleness among the population and the concern community.When programs and undertakings are announced, they are normally realized, and contracts are awarded in a by and large efficient and crystalline manner.Qatar is really conformable to western visitants, and security experts consider Qatar to hold one of the lowest offense states on Earth. U.S. houses besides report that industrial criterions that are applied in Qatar are favourable to U.S. exports. Besides, Qatar has a stable currency and the state imposes no foreign exchange controls. There are well-capitalized fiscal establishments in Qatar, most notably Qatar National Bank. Furthermore, Qatar allows up to 100 % of foreign ownership in agribusiness, fabrication, wellness, instruction, touristry, power, and undertakings involved in the development and development of natural resources, pending blessing from the Qatari Government.
Qatar demand status is non so good.Qatar’sA trade and cordial reception sector expect betterA demand conditionsA in the 2nd quarter.A Gross saless volume and new orders seen worsening.Most existent estate concerns expect a diminution in sales.It is the universe ‘s largest LNG exporter of more than 31 million metric dozenss per twelvemonth this shows the immense demand for QATAR ‘S natural gas in the universe.
STRATEGY AND RIVALRY
Qatar pursues a vigorous plan of “ Qatarization, ” under which all joint venture industries and authorities sections strive to travel Qatari subjects into places of greater authority.The biggest competition is in telecomm sector between Qtel and Vodafone.