Each and every poem is unique and has its own styles, approaching the concepts of love and revolution in different directions, while also criticizing the oral’s vindictiveness of industry/adulteration/indoctrination. However, despite the entirely diverse context, they could still be intellectually connected to each other as explained later on in the essay. In both poems, ‘Prayer before birth’ and War photographer,’ each poet has analogously used their language to portray an image of a character regarding the themes of control and freedom.
In ‘Prayer before birth,’ the quote “with strength against those who would freeze inhumanity, would dragoon me into a lethal automaton,” engenders a character that lacks control over his own fife and where he wants to lead it; also, the part of the quote, “with strength against those… ” Exhibits a lack of freedom whilst the repetition of the phrase ‘O hear me’ or ‘O fill me’ throughout the poem connotes a religious prayer. This gives the reader an impression of an impotent figure asking for strength from the more superior – his own god which he referred to throughout the poem.
Meanwhile, the quote itself could also be reflected upon the poet’s feelings that he has no control/freedom over his own life. On the other hand in War photographer, the quote “He has a Job to do. Solutions slop in trays beneath his hands,” also has the same but contrasting effect. This quote portrays almost a godly figure with absolute control over others’ lives and wherever he desires to lead them, suggested by the fact that “solutions slop in trays beneath his hands. Therefore, it appears to be that he has the choice whether to pick up the solutions and use them to save people’s lives, or to being ignorant, indifferent and leave them to die. Moreover, the contexts and purposes of these two poets are also intertwined: Louis Immanence declaring to the world and warning how erupted it has become in terms of industry, on the other hand, Carol Ann Duffy was pleading to the world for support and perception of the anguishes that wars at that time were causing (Vietnam War 1975-1997). Contrasting to Prayer before birth’s poet, this poet’s feelings are that he has absolute control and freedom over his own life.
Furthermore from these implicit meanings drawn, these two poems may also be linked via the two characters created and the contrasting feelings of the two poets themselves – the godly figure in one poem may be the weaker figure’s god in the other. From the three poems, ‘Do not go gentle into that good night,’ ‘Prayer before birth’ and War photographer,’ all the poets have made extensive use of figurative language to explore the themes of control and freedom by presenting the transformation of feelings, in a particular part of the poem, as colors, namely: “good night… He dying of the light,” “on black racks… , in blood-baths… ” And “ordinary pain…. To a nightmare heat. ” In these quotes, words and phrases like ‘night,’ ‘black racks’ and ‘ nightmare,’ all resembles the black color and thus signifying power that leads to intro. Consequently, words and phrases like ‘dying,’ ‘blood-baths,’ and ‘heat,’ all resembles the red color that symbolizes blood, death and war (no control). The transition from black to red color Justifies how an overload of power and control could lead to war that causes endless deaths and sufferings.
On the other hand, the specific order of these colors may also resemble every humans’ live cycle in that era where they aspire, struggle and have an insatiability for power, consequently, when they gain too much power, there would be conflict for repossession of power. These harass clearly represent the lack of power and the anguish that all the three poets are experiencing: the language used to express their situation also signifies an impotent tone and thus engenders a quivering/dying aura.
In addition, the poets may also intentionally want to construct their poems this way so that the readers’ feelings are changed from black to red after reading (can also be interpreted as a transition from fear to courage). From these color/sentimental transition examples, the successes of the three poets in changing the readers’ mood are clearly portrayed as the vivid exemplifications of the themes. However, these three poets have also failed because (areas for development).
Another example of lacking control and being lead/dominated by a more superior figure could be seen in War photographer’ and ‘The Tiger. ‘ Firstly, in War photographer,’ the quote, “his hands which did not tremble then though seem to now,” indicates fear of the photographer in relevance to the cruelty of mankind – where blood, war and tragedy are always available for him to work on. His fearful tone is almost suggesting that he would rather be Jobless than having these malevolence in existence as suggested by how he works with unease and discomforts wrought the entire poem.
On the other hand, in the Tiger, a number of rhetorical questions have been (an extended rhetorical question poem) where the last question, “What immortal hand or eye/Dare frame thy fearful symmetry? ” displays the fear of even immortals (God) to the tiger; this depicts irony since ‘God’ is created by mankind as a symbolism of supremacy with no exception, however, the poet is questioning his power and is challenging his audacity.
This may be because during William Flake’s time (Age of the Romantics), more personal relationships with the God were introduced and thus people could question him. Both Carol Ann Duffy and William Blake have used the sentiment of fear as a symbolism of having no control over yourself and thus fear what might happen which leads to no freedom; this cause of fear may be expressed by both poets because they share the same definition of fear.
The themes of control and freedom could also be concomitant to love before/after death, where people cannot control love however they desire: people are deceived into thinking that love offers freedom. Both Christina Rosettes from ‘Remember’ and Dylan Thomas from ‘Do not go gentle into that good night’ demonstrates the absence f love as painful and excruciating while also making the tone almost personal.
For instance in ‘Remember,’ “Remember me when I am gone away, gone far away into the silent land,” the poet used a sad tone and as if commanded his beloved one to remember him but do not be sad like him. In this case, the phrase ‘silent land’ is a euphemism for a vast and empty landscape or where people would go after death, it creates an eerie aura that signifies the place’s senile and sinister atmosphere; whereas, the single word ‘away represents a sense of ‘out of reach’ or having no control over the situation and what is happening.
Furthermore, a repetition of ‘remember’ signifies the poet’s fear of her lover not being able to hear or sense her Contrastingly yet similarly the line in ‘Do not go gentle into that good night,’ “And you, my father, there on the sad height,” refers to the love between father and son, unlike Christina Rosettes whom referred to the love of couples. In addition, the purpose of ‘remember’ was to represent an after- death love letter, where Christina Rosette wrote this for Charles Clayey, her fiance©, in 1862 in the event of her death.
Meanwhile, the purpose of ‘Do not go gentle into that good night’ was merely to accentuate the poet’s eve for his father and to exhort the his father to affirm life in his dying, during his final moments of fighting the severe illness. The contrast between these two poems are the before and after death love/farewell letters. The tone in this poem is comparable to the previous poem and displays the same sadness/fear for the absence of the person’s beloved one.
However, this poem also differs from the previous one massively because of the type of love being expressed: love between couples is far more licentious and thus have less control or freedom when compared to a fatherly love. But at the same time, the phrase ‘sad height’ could also have similar implicit connotation to ‘silent land’ as mentioned earlier on in this paragraph and be correlated with death.
William Shakespeare and Louis Immanence has both addressed the entire human race, almost sounded as if they were pleading for attention and assistance; this is because they have no control over what was happening around them and they do not have the freedom to react/rebel in their time (if they rebel they would be executed). Firstly, the poem ‘Sonnet 1 16’ by Shakespeare states that “If this be error and upon me roved, I never writ, nor no man ever loved. ” This statement has a diffident tone and aspires to teach humanity; the word ‘ this’ refers to all the features of true love that he has cited earlier on in the poem.
The intention of this line is that: if what he mentioned is not true love, and it is proven, then no man could ever have experienced true love. On the other hand, the poem War photographer’ by Louis Immanence One of the connections between two poets that refer to revolution, control and freedom includes the poems by William Shakespeare and William Blake. The three poets of ‘Prayer Before Birth,’ the Tiger’ and ‘Sonnet 1 16,’ Louis Immanence, William Blake and William Shakespeare, all seems to be obsessed with the theme of revolution that is constantly associated with control and freedom.
Firstly in ‘Prayer Before Birth,’ the extended description and ideologies of the fetus mentioned throughout the entire poem reinforces the fact that the fetus symbolizes revolution and the desire of mankind to go back to the original ways; Meanwhile, the poem was written in the time of Romanticism, Change and revolution: the tiger in its poem is he actual allegory that represents the causation (figure) of French revolution back in the year 1789 – it is the both an anachronism and a euphemism for Napoleon.
Finally in sonnet 1 16, the actual poem was written in the time of revolution, contextually analogous to the tiger,’ back when being a writer was the most dangerous occupation; writers always need to be circumspection about what their work says to the society or else the writer himself could be killed instantly without trials for signs of revolution/rebellion (Elizabethan England was a police state and was ruled entirely e police). The tiger poem could be linked with the poem prayer before birth since both poems portray an obsession of the poets to the theme of revolution – wanting to change the way of life in the corrupted world.
In prayer before birth, the main character is the fetus in the womb that symbolizes innocence and unadulterated imagination. This links with the main concept, everything is based around rhythm for human beings because of how rhythm originated from when they were in their mother’s womb (rhythm of beating heart), of the Romantics’ which inspired the tiger poem. The main purpose and message of the tiger poem is that people need to go back to the original ways, analogous to childhood, where everything is pure and innocent – uncorrupted by the experience’ of adulthood and the industry of the developing world.
Similarly, the message of Prayer before birth is that the world during the poet’s time was transforming newborn children, pure and innocent, into ‘lethal automatons’ like everyone else – following orders and not having a thought of your own. Overall, both of these poets are talking about evil and its creation: in tiger,’ he tiger is symbolism of evil in terms of religion, meanwhile in ‘prayer before birth,’ human race symbolizes evil and its creation is the contaminated world.
Moreover, both of the poets also explores analogous themes of control and freedom; the poet in ‘prayer before birth’ has shown usage of these themes through his choice of restrained language/tone as depicted in the first paragraph. Meanwhile, the tiger’ poem has shown it through an entire quatrain referring to the god himself, namely: “When the stars threw down their spears,/and watered heaven with their traversed e smile his work to see? /Did he who made the Lamb make thee? Earlier on in the poem, the preceding quatrain contains a semantic field of blacksmith in order to engender a sense of creation (for the tiger), where the god in this poem would be represented as the blacksmith. Subsequently, the next quatrain as mentioned above refers to god and questions him about his level of satisfaction towards the creation of tiger (evil) when compared to the creation of the lamb (good). This signifies how even the god has no control over what he creates, he merely has the freedom which none other have.