The Kukkiwon uses the word poomsae for signifier. Poomsae doctrine originate from the book ‘I Ching’ . a Chinese prophet. The I Ching has 64 hexagrams. a combination of two sets of three lines. closed or broken. The sets of three lines are called trigrams. The closed lines represent Yin. the unfastened lines Yang. In the Chinese linguistic communication. the integrity of Yin and Yang is called ‘taich’i’ . In the Korean linguistic communication. the integrity is called Tae-geuk. This explains the term poomsae Taegeuk. The eight trigrams together are called Pal-gwe as in poomsae Palgwe.
Most Kukkiwon schools will utilize the pumsae Taegeuk whereas a few schools will utilize the pumsae Palgwe. The significances. trigrams and symbols are shared by both pumsae Taegeuk and pumsae Palgwe. nevertheless the sequence of motions is different. The first 8 signifiers of the set of pumsae differ from each other. whereas the last 9 signifiers of the set are shared between the two sets.
Palgwe pumsae were used from 1967 to 1971. Taegeuk pumsae have been in usage from 1971 to the present clip. Kukkiwon states that Palgwe pumsae have been eliminated.
The official signifiers for Kukki-Taekwondo. as mandated by the Kukkiwon ( World Taekwondo Headquarters ) . are the Taegeuk pumsae. Poomsae is sometimes written as poomse ; nevertheless this would take to an wrong pronunciation as the Hangeul for the term uses the same Jamo as the Tae in Taekwondo. non the sound “Sey” ( comparing: Teh-kwon-do non Tay-kwon-do nor Tie-kwon-do ) . However. many idioms of Korean pronounce the jamo ae and vitamin E about identically. The Hanja for pumsae is ?? . and means “Quality Shapes of Strength”
On February 26. 1987. the Kukkiwon amended the spelling with it being interpreted as poomsae. which changed the Hanja character from the earlier “se” to the current “Sae” . This besides changed the significance to one that is more complex. This has been reflected in the WTF World Poomsae Championships and of which the inaugural event was held in Seoul. South Korea in September 2006.
Taegeuk Il Jang/Palgae Il Jang
The general significance of this signifier and associated trigram is Yang. which represents Heaven and Light. Besides. this trigram has a relationship to South and Father. The first Taegeuk signifier is the beginning of all pumsaes. the “birth” of the soldierly creative person into Taekwondo. This pumsae should be performed with the illustriousness of Heaven.
Taegeuk Yi Jang/Palgae Yi Jang
The associated trigram of this pumsae represents the Lake. Besides. related to the symbol is South East and the relationship of the youngest girl. The motions of this Taegeuk/Palgwe are aimed to be performed believing that adult male has restrictions. but that we can get the better of these restrictions. The Lake and its H2O typify the flowing and unagitated nature of the soldierly creative person. This signifier is to reflect those properties.
Taegeuk Sam Jang/Palgae Sam JangThis trigram represents Fire. Related to this symbol is besides East and the relationship of the Second Daughter. Fire contains a batch of energy. The symbol behind the fire is similar to the symbolism of the H2O in that both can assistance and both can destruct. This signifier is intended to be performed rhythmically. with some effusions of energy to reflect fire’s rhythmic and energetic dualism.
Taegeuk Sa Jang/Palgae Sa Jang
This trigram represents Thunder. Besides. the trigram is strongly connected to northeast and the relationship of the Eldest boy. Boom comes from the sky and is absorbed by the Earth. therefore. harmonizing to the beliefs of the I Ching. boom is one of the most powerful natural forces. This pumsae is associated with power and the connexion between the celestial spheres and Earth. This pumsae is intended to be performed with power resembling the Thunder for which it is named.
Taegeuk O Jang/Palgae O Jang
The trigram associated with this pumsae represents Wind. The trigram is besides related to southwest and the relationship with an firstborn girl. The I Ching promotes that air current is a soft force. but can sometimes be ferocious. destructing everything in its way. As such. it is intended that this pumsae is performed like the air current: gently. but cognizing the ability of mass devastation with a individual motion. The performing artist and audience should be cognizant of the dichotomy of the signifier.
Taegeuk Yuk Jang/Palgae Yuk Jang
The trigram associated with this pumsae represents Water. Besides. there is a relation to West and the relationship with a Second boy. The motions of this pumsae are intended to be performed like H2O ; fluxing. powerful and cleansing. Sometimes standing still like H2O in a lake. sometimes booming as a river. sometimes powerful like a waterfall. The H2O is to typify composures and cleansing. while besides possessing the property of being violent and destructive.
Taegeuk Chil Jang/Palgae Chil Jang
The trigram associated with this pumsae represents a Mountain. Besides. it represents the Northwest and youngest boy. The symbolism behind the mountain is the never-say-die and olympian nature that all mountains possess. This pumsae is intended to be performed with the feeling that all motions are this olympian due to their unconquerable nature.
Taegeuk Pal Jang/Palgae Pal Jang
The trigram associated with this pumsae represents the Earth. Besides. there is a representation of North and Mother. The associated trigram of this pumsae is Yin. Yin. here. represents the terminal of the beginning. the evil portion of all that is good. This being the last of the pumsae Taegeuk. it represents the terminal of the circle and the cyclic nature of the Earth.
Koryo. or Goryeo. is the name of an old Korean Dynasty. The people from the Goryeo defeated the Mongolian attackers. It is intended that their spirit is reflected in the motions of the pumsae Koryo. Each motion of this pumsae represents the strength and energy needed to command the Mongols.
Keumgang means “diamond. ” typifying hardness. Keumgang is besides the name of the most beautiful mountain in Korea. every bit good as the Keumgang warrior. named by Buddha. Thus. the subjects of hardness. beauty. and chew overing permeate this pumsae.
The legendary Dangun founded a state in Taebaek. near Korea’s biggest mountain Baekdoo. Baekdoo is a known symbol for Korea. The definition of the word taebaek is literally “lightness” . Every motion in this pumsae is intended to be non merely be exact and fast. but with finding and hardness resembling the mountain Baekdoo. the beginning of the state of Korea.
The definition of Pyongwon is “stretch. huge field. ” The name carries with it a intension of being big and olympian.
Sipjin stands for 10 symbols of length of service. which are Sun. Moon. Mountain. Water. Stone. Pine tree. Herb of ageless young person. Turtle. Deer. and Crane. This pumsae represents the endless development and growing by the basic thought of the 10 symbols of length of service and the denary system.
This pumsae is derived from the significance of the Earth. All things evolve from and return to the Earth. the Earth is the beginning and the terminal of life. as reelected through the Yin and Yang.
Cheonkwon literally means ‘sky’ . In the pumsae. the sky symbolizes the swayer of the existence. Harmonizing to belief. it is cryptic. space and profound. The gestures of Cheonkwon are full of piousness. verve and fear.
This pumsae is derived from the fluidness of H2O which easy adapts within nature. The symbol of the H2O repeats itself many times throughout all pumsae. hyeongs. and in soldierly humanistic disciplines in general.
The province of religious cultivation in Buddhism is called ‘Ilyo’ which means ‘oneness’ . In Ilyo. organic structure and head. spirit and substance. “I” and “you” are unified. The ultimate ideal of the soldierly art and pumsae can be found in this province. It is a subject in which every motion is concentrated on go forthing all materialistics ideas. compulsions and external influences behind.