Prelude to Philosophy: What is Philosophy? Essay

August 15, 2017 Philosophy

List 4 grounds pupils frequently presuppose a low position of doctrine. 1. The image that one has to be ace intelligent to make doctrine. 2. As a subject. most pupils study it tardily in their academic development. 3. Most people don’t think it’s practical.

4. Most pupils don’t cognize what doctrine is or how it can profit them.

Know Socrates’ quotation mark: What is the unexamined life? What did he intend when he said it wasn’t deserving life? The quotation mark: “The unexamined life is non deserving life. ” Socrates didn’t mean that people have no value. or should be executed if they lived unexamined lives. Worlds are alone in the carnal land ; we have the ability to ground and reflect about everything. What he meant was: To populate the unexamined life is to populate less than a to the full human life ; non populating life the manner we were created to populate.

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Know the etymology of the word “philosophy. ”

The combination of two Grecian footings: phileo and sopos. Phileo means “love” . sophos means “wisdom” .

Know the working definition of “philosophy” and explicate each of its elements. Doctrine is the critical scrutiny of our foundational beliefs refering the nature of world. cognition. and truth. and our moral and societal values.

List and explicate each of the 6 features under the description of doctrine. 1. The relationship between doctrine and facts: philosophers are by and large more interested in what lies behind the facts. their significance. significance and veracity. than in the facts themselves. 2. The importance of method in philosophical probe: why person believes something more so than what they believe. 3. elucidation: clear thought is imperative in happening truth. Two enemies to clear thought is ambiguity and vagueness.

4. Doctrine examines and evaluates everything ; nil is taken for granted: Every belief and thought is unfastened to critical scrutiny. Clarification and justification are required before accepting any belief to be true. 5. Doctrine is normally concerned with foundational issues that have been perennial throughout the history of world. 6. Doctrine frequently entreaties to systems of rules or guidelines regarded to be true: either reject new claim to be true or adjust system to accommodate to the new claim. Philosophers build systems of beliefs and philosophical scrutiny doesn’t Begin from a impersonal place.

Contrast and compare doctrine with faith. scientific discipline. and art. How are they different and how are they similar? 1. Doctrine and Religion: ( compared ) Both hunt for the ultimate – that which has the ultimate significance and value. the one thing that unifies everything and from which everything finds it’s significance and beginning. ( contrasted ) Religion normally entreaties to some important disclosure to detect the truths about the ultimate ; doctrine uses rational enquiry in trying to understand the ultimate. A religious facet usually isn’t found in doctrine. 2. Doctrine and Science: ( compared ) Both try to understand world in a methodical manner. They both use observation and entreaty to grounds to back up their decisions.

They both derive standards. hypotheses. and theories that they apply to specific state of affairss to detect the truth about world. ( contrasted ) Science by and large examines that portion of world associated with the senses. the physical universe. doctrines field extends outside of physical world to what lies beyond. Besides. scientific discipline trades with first-order inquiries about world. doctrine trades with second-order inquiries about subjects like scientific discipline. 3. Doctrine and Art: ( compared ) creative persons frequently use their medium to show philosophical thoughts. they both besides frequently cover with similar subjects. and artists gaining control what some modern philosophers promote. ( contrasted ) Art normally merely coveys a peculiar philosophical position. whereas doctrine seeks the rational justification of a position. Philosophy argues for a position. art expresses it. Art is concerned largely with construction. doctrine is concerned largely with content.

Explain the value of experiential cognition in differentiation to propositional cognition. Experiential cognition enhances our understanding beyond what propositional cognition can convey.

Doctrine: Examining life ; love of wisdom.

Unexamine Life: Traveling through daily/routine activities/life. without believing about what you’re making and why you’re making it ; traveling through the gestures of life without doing the attempt to reflect and believe about what life is about.

Normative Claim: Brands a claim about some actions individuals ought to make. Socrates’ “unexamined life” claim was a normative claim. Wisdom: Wisdom has less to make with how much one knows and more to make with how one uses the cognition they have. Wisdom is knowledge applied ; utilizing the cognition one has in a manner that benefits life.

Critical Examination: To analyse.

Clarification: To find what something means.

Justification: Addresses the inquiries: Is this true. and are at that place good grounds to believe it’s true?

Evaluation: Determines the significance or value of the thought.

Presuppositions: Beliefs people normally don’t think about or seek to turn out. They are premises people hold about themselves and the universe. without cognizing which they would non be able to get at any other cognition.

Foundational Beliefs: Central and cardinal beliefs. the nucleus of all other beliefs.

First-Order Discipline: A field that straight surveies world.

Second-Order Discipline: A field that surveies the methods and presuppositions of first-order subjects. It’s non interested in the decision but the agencies used to get at the decision and the presuppositions held while trying to reply the inquiry.

Equivocal: When there is more than one possible significance.

Vague: When the significance is non clear.

Worldview: A comprehensive system of beliefs that maps. foremost as an account and reading of the universe and. 2nd as an application of that system to the manner people live and the values they hold.

Scientism: The impression that scientific cognition is the lone sort of cognition there is.

Propositional Knowledge: Consists of beliefs that can be formulated and conveyed in propositions.

Experiential Knowledge: Cognition gained through sing something.

Rational Animal: Worlds.

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