1. For Reflective Account 3 you should use one of your child observations. 2. Describe how you did this observation. a. Did you sit away from the child and observe from a distance (unobtrusive) so the child was not disturbed? b. Did you sit near to the child or even sit in on the activity? 3. Describe the type of observation you did- tick list, written, event sample. Where you using paperwork from the setting or did you design your own? 4. Explain why you chose the method you used- best for the activity, style used regularly in the setting, or easy to use for gathering maximum information. . Describe what you have to know before observing the child- age of child, any concerns, type of activity 6. Describe how the early years curriculum is part of how the setting plans their activities. For example identify all the areas of development eg: ‘knowledge and understanding of the world’ and give some examples of activities that come under each area. 7. Attach a development plan based on this observation that will promote development for this child. You will later do this activity with a child and will then evaluate (discuss how appropriate) how the activity worked. See overleaf example activity plan) 8. Explain why it is important to offer inclusive practice and why no child should be excluded from activities ( excluding children leads them to be isolated, lonely and can mean they are withdrawn and shy, they may not develop at the right level and could develop behavioural problems) Explain why giving choices enables a child to feel they have some control and what the effect can be on their development. c. Give some examples of how YOU work to include children in activities and daily experiences 9.
Explain how the room layout, the type of activity and the equipment and resources can affect a child’s learning. d. Is the room a pleasant place that enables the child to feel secure? e. Are the tables, chairs, book corner, role play area all easy for the children to access? f. Are the daily activities interesting and resources and equipment easy for the children to access, are there enough resources so all children can take part in activities? Activity plan Look at your observation and devise ( create) an activity for the child you have observed, based on what you have seen.
You do not have to focus on a child with a particular need. Any of the children in the setting can be observed and then experience an activity organised by you. Example: you have observed a child playing at the sand box and have identified some of their skills: a. social skills- sharing and taking turns using the equipment b. physical skills- manipulating pieces of equipment with confidence c. intellectual development- demonstrating an understanding of how to fill and empty a bucket and other items of different sizes d. Language development- talking and discussing what they are doing throughout the activity.
You now create a new activity for the child:- Sand Play activity experiencing ‘How Things Change’ a. Collect pieces of equipment- buckets, beakers, jug and water at the sand play area. Link to an outcome from the EYFS. b. Have a mop and some paper towels available to deal with any spills. c. Bring the child to the area and encourage them to wear an apron. d. Talk to the child about the activity, demonstrate mixing the sand and water to different consistencies e. Encourage the child to experience mixing the sand to different consistencies and to feel and use the sand to create shapes . . Discuss with the child what they are doing and ask the open questions about ‘how things change’ based on the sand activity. Encourage the child to think of other examples of ‘how things change’ eg: flour, butter, eggs and sugar combine to make cakes. After the activity evaluate how well your plan worked:- a. Did you have enough resources? b. Did you explain the activity well enough for the child to understand? c. Did you ask open questions? d. Did the child experience what you had planned for the child and achieve or work towards a learning outcome?