Reform movements in the United States Essay Sample

In the clip of 1825-1850. United States functionaries and militants sought to spread out the democratic ideals in which the state was founded. Militants such as Elizabeth Cady Stanton every bit good as many other adult females pushed for the right to vote. saying that both work forces and adult females were created equal. and adult females should be given the right to vote. for it was the democratic action to take. Other militants began to make democratic reforms as good. contending to reenforce the ideals the state so actively prides itself in. Many nevertheless. did non take portion in these reforms. take a firm standing that the old ways were the best ways.

The Second Great Awakening was the push that brought on these reform motions. Get downing in New England. in the late 1790s. and subsequently distributing throughout the state. the Second Great Awakening brought on a new manner to look at life. Peoples felt freer to denote their ideas. They weren’t limited to picks about G-d and rigorous regulations of Calvinism which earlier ravaged through the state. puting people’s heads in shockable ways. The Second Great Awakening brought on the thought that G-d may or may non be. and it was up to the people to make up one’s mind what they wished to believe. More so of all time. tolerance spread throughout the state. and people grew more eager to dispute other established establishments in which they believed their positions may be tolerated–and accepted every bit good.

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The Second Great Awakening helped spread out democratic ideals as good by making higher criterions for the common adult male. As written by Charles G. Finney. “When the churches are…awakened and reformed. the reformation and redemption of evildoers will follow. ” Finney besides states that “drunkards. prostitutes and infidels” could besides take part in this higher criterion of life for the common adult male if they were reformed by the church. In Charles G. Finney’s work. the democratic rule that all work forces are created equal. that the common adult male is equal to an blue blood clearly shows throughout his reforms. ( Document B )

The 1835 engraving by Patrick Reason picturing a female black slave caged in ironss with the quotation mark “Am I non a adult female and a sister? ” is another work in which democratic rules were utilizing to force for reforms for equality. This work ties in the unfairnesss of both abolishment and women’s right to vote. both which were being pushed for reforms in the earlier half of the nineteenth century. However as democratic these reforms were. it is notable to see that these reforms were non pushed to be made for everyone. for right to vote and abolishment for minorities such as Native Americans were non even entered into any of these motions. ( Document C )

Although many took portion in these overpoweringly democratic reforms. many did non. The Second Great Awakening reinforced the ideals of tolerance and credence for all. while the belief of Nativism held people back from encompassing the thoughts the Second Great Awakening spread. ( Nativism is the belief that merely white Anglo-saxon Protestants should be allowed right to vote. every bit good as many other rights. ) One staunch protagonist of Nativism was Samuel Morse. In his At hand Dangers to the Free Institutions of the United States. written in 1835. he stated “that no alien who comes into the state after the jurisprudence is passed shall of all time be allowed the right of right to vote. ” In this statement. Samuel Morse is straight opposing the Naturalization Law. which was a democratic reform in order to give more rights to aliens. Morse. like many others rebutted the democratic reforms in which militants tried so thirstily to put in topographic point. ( Document D )

Educational reform motions were besides another of import democratic reform of this period. Universal male right to vote lead the manner for this motion. saying that all work forces should vote. and hence should be equal. and should be able to take part in acquisition and instruction. Democratic ideals set up the fact that all work forces should be able to prosecute instruction to be a more productive member of society. In a transition from the McGuffrey Reader. 1836. it supports the ideal that all people deserve to travel out and acquire an instruction. rich or hapless. As portion of the instruction reform motion. another democratic motion created by militants. tax-supported public schools were able to do that ideal a world. ( Document E )

Another democratic motion which began during this clip was the Temperance Movement. Throughout the 1800s. intoxicant maltreatment was going progressively widespread. impacting the efficiency of labour. The Temperance Movement was an attempt to halt this maltreatment and to press all people to give up intoxicant. Organization such as The American Temperance Society and militants such as Neal Dow and William Lloyd Garrison besides supported moderation. The 1846 sketch. “The Drunkards Progress/From the First Glass to the Grave” shows what an consequence that intoxicant had on the lives of the people of the clip. This motion supported the democratic rules that every adult male was equal. fruitful and productive in his ain right–as long as the authorities protecting him from immoralities. ( Document H )

The Seneca Falls Convention of 1848 yearned to escalate democratic ideals the most straight so any other event of this clip. Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton both played of import functions in the convention. They produced a “Declaration of Sentiments” which stated that “all work forces and adult females are created equal. ” They besides produced a declaration officially demanding women’s right to vote. In an extract from the Seneca Falls Declaration ( August 2. 1848 ) . Stanton states that the adult females are “assembled to protest against a signifier of authorities. bing without the consent of the governed–to declare our right to be free as adult male is free. ” She goes on to declare that “strange as it may look. we now demand our right to vote harmonizing to the declaration of the authorities under which we live. ” Here she refers to the Declaration of Independence of 1776. which stated that “all work forces are created equal. ” If nil else. democratic reforms can clearly be shown in the motion led by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott.

In the period from 1825-1850. a bulk of the reform motions in the United States sought to spread out democratic ideals. However. although many triumphed. many had to confront obstructions set others back. In decision. nevertheless many reverses and “nativists” who tried to keep back these democratic reforms. the motions of 1825-1850 reinforced the democratic ideals which hold our state today.

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