In the treatment of this work. I have divided it into three chief section. The first parts would see the debut which would speak about the construct of faith and that of societal control. In the same subdivision I would besides see the place of Ross as saying that faith is a more societal control mechanism that enacted Torahs of society. The 2nd and 3rd portion would look at how these spiritual elements would or can inform offense bar and last the decision severally.
By definition faith has been defined by many bookmans in assorted ways harmonizing to their positions but all seems to be indicating at one being which the belief in the supernatural. For the intent of this work. I would travel for the definition harmonizing to J. B Pratt ( 1920 ; p. 2 ) . Harmonizing to J B Pratt. faith is “the serious and societal attitude of persons and communities towards the power or powers which they conceive of as holding ultimate control over their involvement. and destinies” .
This definition was captured by Max Assimeng In his book “Religion and Social Change in Ghana: debut to the survey of religion” . Based on this and many of the definition on faith. I agree with Ross that faith is a more effectual societal control mechanism that enacted Torahs for society. What is societal control one may inquire? Social control in its broader sense is the system of keeping jurisprudence and order in society and guaranting that members of society conform to the recognized ways of behaviour. ( Nukunya. 1992:81 ) .
This definition of faith and societal control takes us to the basic statement of Ross for contending that faith is a more effectual societal control mechanism that enacted Torahs for society is found in the macro theory of societal control as suggested by Abotchie ( 2012 ) . In this theory Ross argued that alternatively of believing that societal control mechanism could be found in some conventional Torahs constructed by some persons or groups. one should believe of it as embedded in the belief systems which is grounded in faith.
For him. a person’s behaviour is determine by the fact that he fears the wrath of the supernatural and this make him to conform to the Torahs of society. This belief can be supported by a poetry in the Christian Bible that states that “behold I come rapidly and my wages is with me. to give every harmonizing to his work shall be” ( Rev. 22:12 ) . As an establishment. the matrimony establishment was and still can be lively conveying in elements such as the traditional societal control mechanism.
This is because they believe in these mechanisms such as the construct of psychic padlock and gbolomagba for case was and can still be utile battling offenses such as unfaithfulness and criminal conversation as postulated by Abotchie. Therefore. this belief is the believe vested in the Gods and the people trusted in their powers and so direct their instances to them for a finding of fact to be given where the wrongdoers may be dealt with badly if found guilty.
Again faith serves as societal control mechanism that enacted Torahs for the people in a sense and thereby forestalling offenses in Ghana as it is believe that the offenses committed work stoppages at the corporate scruples of the community represented by the ascendants. Therefore people would non make certain things such as destructing a clan’s totem. This action would inform offense bar in that it would forestall people from poaching in the Ghanese society.
Among some communities in Ghana nevertheless the people believe that perpetrating self-destruction is an act of abomination which is punishable the ascendants. Besides people see this self-destruction as associated by evil spirit and that a household with such records for case would be refuse matrimonies from other households. This case may transfuse into the people a sense of forbearing from perpetrating such Acts of the Apostless. In Ross guess. the political system of the state is besides influenced by faith as a control mechanism.
For case. before a individual is elected into office. the Holy Bible or the Holy Quran IS given to the individual to curse with. This is done because it is believe that the pickings of the curse would oblige the individual to conform to the regulations and ordinances since the violation of the Torahs would convey about interior countenances between the person and the supernatural. As a agency of informing offense bar in Ghana. faith provides a sense of community where people find security and safety.
This has to a big extent brought some bar since the desperate and the dejected could happen belongingness within these organic structures and would let them to forbear from Acts of the Apostless which otherwise would hold been improper in our society. Therefore for Ross faith gives confidence as it is stated in the bible “seek foremost the land of God and his righteousness and all other things shall be added unto you” ( math 6:33 ) .