Religious reforms by Martin Luther and King Henry VIII Essay

September 29, 2017 History

The motivations of Martin Luther in the German provinces and King Henry VIII in England could non hold been much more dissimilar than they were. However. their actions of conveying about reform likened them. Martin Luther was motivated to reform the church entirely for spiritual grounds ; largely defeat with the corruptness of the Catholic Church. while King Henry VIII was motivated by both his personal life and his personal addition.

The whole thought to reform the church in England basically started when King Henry VIII realized he would be unable to disassociate his married woman. Catherine. He had already set his sights on Anne Boleyn. so he needed to happen a speedy loophole in order to disassociate Catherine and marry Anne. Because the Catholic Church still headed England and even the King had to subject to Papal regulation. Henry decided it would be far better if he could merely be autonomous ( and hence be able to disassociate Catherine ) . Due to this disclosure. King Henry decided to reform the Catholic Church and make “The Church of England” . Theologically. he stuck to Catholic principals such as confession and clerical celibacy. but he closed monasteries in order to get the wealth they held. In kernel. all King Henry did was alter the legality of the Church but he did non convey approximately radical spiritual alteration.

Martin Luther. on the other manus. had no personal motivations at manus when he decided he wanted to reform the church. Martin Luther had witnessed and rapidly became frustrated with the corrupt Acts of the Apostless of the church such as barratry. nepotism. disregard of the celibacy regulation. absenteeism. and pluralism. The concluding straw that sent Martin Luther over the border was when Pope Leo X approved the sale of indulgences by Johan Tetzel in order to fund the edifice of St. Peter’s Basilica. Luther wrote the 95 Thesiss in response to this because he believed indulgences undermined the earnestness of repentance.

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Luther went on to denounce the authorization of the Pope and at the Diet of Worms. he did non abjure so he was excommunicated. After this. he formed his basic theological dogmas that differed greatly from the traditional Catholic dogmas. He brought about huge spiritual alteration including: the tenet of consubstantiation. the abolition of clerical celibacy and monasticism. the belief that the church was low-level to the province. and the belief in merely two sacraments versus seven. He besides introduced new replies to theological inquiries that can be summed up in these three Latin phrases: sola scriptura. sola fide. and sola gratia.

The motivations of Martin Luther and King Henry were different. and even though their common end of reform was similar. their end consequences were even rather different. King Henry’s personal. political. societal. and economic motivations resulted in a impermanent reform because they were based off everything but faith. His inheritor altered the Church several times so that the national faith would be to their personal liking. Although the Church of England still exists today. it is non based on the beginning rules King Henry VIII set up. Martin Luther’s reformation of the church. nevertheless. proven lasting. His echt spiritual motivations were evident to the people so his spiritual alterations stuck. Proof of this is merely that Lutheranism is still a popular denomination of Christianity today that is based off of the original rules that Martin Luther set.

Bibliography:

A History of Western Society: 7th edition ( McKay )

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