Through a nucleus of characters, Camus describes their fright, their confusion, their isolation from the loved 1s and the outside universe, their autonomy, their compassion, and their ultimately built-in humanitarianism as a metaphor for existence.” ( Tony Bing )
Camus knows how to name the emotional and attitude tendency that develops in the pestilence stricken Oran. During the class of a twelvemonth he takes us through a elaborate analysis of how the temper of the society alterations with the spread of pestilence. Yet to me, even more piquant than the development of character of the society, was the single feelings and transmutation of Camus heroes. Camus uses a tactics of a physician: he takes his heroes, and observes the symptoms of their behaviour, allowing us judge about their emotions: their fright, confusion, hankering for the loved 1s. The writer show the humanist portion of their character and reveals their feelings towards each other and the society by how actively they are take parting to contend the pestilence.
Rieux, one of the chief heroes of The Plague, is a physician. He is one of the first heroes that notice the spread of the pestilence: “inside the room a word was repeating still ; the plague.” ( Camus 36 ) Doctor knows about the disease, but does non run off to get away it, he wants governments to shut the diminish the spread of it: “That being so, it has little importance whether you call it a pestilence or a some rare sort of febrility. The of import thing is to forestall its violent death of half the population of this town.” ( Camus 44 ) Rieux stays, faces his fright of decease, and stays selfless to make full the responsibility of being a physician. The physician patiently fights the pestilence, but is frequently confused about his responsibility: he, as the physician, is supposed to salvage people, but in the instance of pestilence, he merely has a opportunity to insulate them from the healthy 1s, and enter their decease. “Rieux had nil to look frontward to but a long sequence of such scenes, renewed once more and once more. Yes, plague, like abstraction, was humdrum ; possibly merely one factor changed, and… deploring exactly the exclusive relief Rieux could so experience.” ( Camus 76-77 ) Yet even though the disease is taking a triumph over him every clip, the physician does non halt seeking, and assisting people.
The agony of the metropolis is non merely beginning of grief for the physician – he is hankering for his loved married woman outside the metropolis. Rieux is separated from his married woman ; she is ill and deceasing in infirmary about 100 stat mis from Oran. “Rieux told him that his married woman was under intervention in a sanatarium some distance from the town… The great thing was that his married woman should recover.” ( Camus 69 ) The physician longs for her but does non voice it, as he does non desire to burthen others. For illustration, Rambert is speaking about his loved one all the clip, but it is Tarrou who reveals to Rambert that Rieux has a married woman: “ I suppose you do n’t cognize that Rieux ‘s married woman is in a sanatarium, a 100 stat mis or so away.” ( Camus 136 )
Camus uses the character of Rieux to demo that a individual does non necessitate to be Christian to assist others. There is something baronial about this character. Rieux loves the people of the metropolis, he loves them, merely as his female parent and friends. “At that minute he knew what his female parent was believing, and that she loved him. But he knew, excessively, that to love person means comparatively small ; or, instead, that love is ne’er strong plenty to happen the words suiting it.” ( Camus 236 ) The physician does non speak about his work, alternatively he ne’er stops traveling and mending. He is so selfless that we do non even cognize if this physician faces fright for his ain life during the spread of pestilence in the metropolis, all we know is that he does non desire the deathly disease to distribute outside the metropolis, as that may do more deceases.
Tarrou is an foreigner in Oran. He observes the development of pestilence and the temper of the metropolis with echt objectiveness, yet till the very terminal of the book the writer tells us really small about the character himself. Tarrou is besides a humanist. He believes in the value of human life, and is willing to confront fright for his ain life in order to assist others. He does non long for any loved 1s outside the metropolis as the merely close individual he has – his female parent has died before. Tarrou is besides the hero who is non confused by the spread of pestilence in the metropolis. The adult male feels he has already experienced the disease, as his perceptual experience of pestilence is much wider than that of other people: “I learned that even those who were better than the remainder could non maintain themselves today from killing or allowing others kill…Yes, I ‘ve been ashamed of all time since ; I have realized that we all have plague, and I have lost my peace. ‘ ( Camus 206 )
Rambert is the character in the pestilence that can be defined by hankering for the loved one outside the pestilence afflicted metropolis. “The truth is that she and I have been together merely short clip, and we suite each other absolutely. All I wanted to cognize was whether you could n’t perchance give me a certification that says that I do non hold non got this darn disease.” ( Camus 72 ) He misses his married woman in Paris and is willing to make anything to acquire to her. Yet the selflessness of others in contending the pestilence helps Rambert to larn autonomy. He realizes that even though he misses his married woman, he is non the lone 1. Rieux misses his married woman excessively. He changes and calls Rieux inquiring: “Would you agree to my working with you till I find some manner of acquiring out of the town? ” ( Camus 137 ) Rambert transforms though the agony of Plague – from an bizarre egotist, he becomes a humanist – who cares about life of humanity.
A important character and merely a Rambert a dynamic character of the book is Father Paneloux. At first Father Paneloux condemns the people of the metropolis as evildoers and tells them that they are hopeless and must atone: “For pestilence is the flail of God, and the universe his threshing-floor, and implacably He will convulse out His crop until the wheat is separated from the chaff” ( Camus 81. He perceives the pestilence as a penalty God sent to the people for their present life manner. Yet after witnessing the decease of an guiltless kid, male parent ‘s sentiment alterations, as he can non believe of a wickedness the kid could hold done to have such a penalty. Father is confused, his religion is earnestly challenged, and he delivers a discourse stating his fold to swear the cryptic work of God because otherwise you must give up all religion. He starts actively take parting in contending the disease and is non afraid to decease to salvage the people of his town. “ When an guiltless kid loses his eyes, a Christian should lose his religion, or consent to holding his eyes destroyed. Paneloux declines to lose his religion, and he will travel through with it to the end.” ( Camus 187 )
Humanitarianism is a system of idea that centers on worlds and their values, capacities, and worth ( dictionary.com ) . Plague is a extremely infective, normally fatal, epidemic disease ; a plague ( dictionary.com ) . Camus brings humanitarianism and pestilence together. Through Dr. Rieux, Tarrou, Rambert, and Father Paneloux show that the universe still has hope. These people let their humanitarianism prevail, they overcame their fright, confusion, hankering for the loved 1s, they become self-sufficing and compassionate to assist the pestilence afflicted metropolis.
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