Review a range of different assessment methods available and explain the ones you would use for your subject area. Evaluate the use of assessment methods in different contexts, including reference to initial assessment. Justify the types of assessment records you would complete and explain why. There are a variety of assessment methods available to us as teachers which can be used at different points of the teaching/training cycle. The first and probably most important one is the Initial Assessment. The Lifelong Learning UK website states that
Identifying learner needs and initial assessment are critical at the start of a learning programme. Effective practice at this stage will clarify a learner’s needs, and also identify opportunities to support skills development throughout the learning programme. This assessment is carried out before any learning takes place. Usually the prospective learner will be interviewed by one of the course lecturers, to determine whether they meet the requirements for the course, whether they have the literacy, numeracy and ITC skills necessary and also whether they have any special needs which need to be addressed.
Whilst this initial assessment is of the utmost importance to establish learner needs it can also be misleading. We might not get a true account of the learner’s ability, they may be nervous in an interview situation or they may have personal problems which could affect the outcome. To ensure that we have a complete profile we have ongoing assessment throughout the course, this Formative Assessment or Assessment for Learning was advocated by Paul Black and Dylan Wiliam, they suggested that, Information gained through marking or other means of assessment is used as feedback to modify learning activity. http://www. teachingexpertise. com/articles/black-william-assessment-learning-118 For this type of assessment to be successful the feedback must be passed on to the learners. If the information is used simply to monitor progress it is not directly contributing to improving learning. Formative Assessment involves the learners directly and offers them a chance to improve their performance based on the feedback received. Summative Assessment is carried out after a specified amount of time, for example after a unit of a course has been completed.
This can be in the form of a test or an assignment which is marked and graded by the teacher, this can then be assessed to indicate where any improvement may be needed. Formative assessment is then used to pass on these findings. Summative Assessment differs from Formative Assessment as it makes judgements about a students performance, whereas Formative Assessment offers feedback to support and enhance the students learning.
As I teach a residential cookery course for the YMCA, there are no minimum qualifications required to attend the course. An Initial Assessment will still be carried out by the support workers to ensure that the students are suitable for the course. Their findings will be passed on to me so that my lesson plans can be tailored to the students to ensure inclusivity. A Formative Assessment will be given via verbal feedback during the lessons, followed by a Summative Assessment in the form of a short test at the end of the course.