Review of Related Literature and Studies Essay

August 25, 2017 Tourism

A reappraisal of related literature and surveies is the theories which the research workers use to explicate the being of a research job and usage as a bases in analysing relationship between variables can be generated from mention books and of roll uping. selecting and reading books. diaries. studies. abstract. and other mention stuffs. The Chapter begins with the Introduction. Related Literature. Foreign Literature. Local Literature. Related Studies. Foreign Studies. Local Studies and the Synthesis and Significance of the Study.

Introduction

In this chapter the following proposed system aims to developed web application for easing reserve procedure at hotel. The system provide the response an easy manner for seeking on suites. naming off suites. infixing the client information. acquiring inside informations about specific client. doing a reserve for suites and making payment procedure.

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2. 1 Related literature

2. 1. 1 Foreign Literature

Louw. Door Janne. ( 2006. May 10. 2006 ) . Description with UML Hotel Reservation System. Developed a hotel direction system that can be used online. This system allows the invitees to make their engagement online by them self. Some of undertaking that the system can make are supplying a question for geting day of the month and the length of remaining. supplying the figure of On suites. position all available suites and provides user the ability to take one or more of them. entering the figure of on suites. position all available suites and provides the user the ability to take one or more of them. entering sort of invitees and how many traveling to be in the individual room. supplying the cost of booking. inquiring the users if they want extra service ; such as. dinner or breakfast. hive awaying the invitees detail ; like. name. reference and telephone. inquiring the user for verification. concluding verification positions with the item of engagement and the invitees can reexamine or call off the engagement.

For more understanding to the system the writer provided some figures with atonement. The first figure shows the relationship between the terminal user and the web waiter and how the users interface stats and the application is done measure by measure. The 2nd figure shows the relationship between the user and the screen. The screen transportation HTML codes to interface and when the user interact with it some procedure are done so the screen shows another pages. While the 3rd figure shows how each page is related to each other.

The user can travel to the following page by three ways. The first 1 is the user after infixing his/her information goes through pages in sequence manner. The 2nd manner by pilotage and this manner provide the user the ability to travel the the pervious pages or to login page. The concluding 1 is one user insert unaccepted the page will maintain the recent page.

This article is about a UML designing. JAVA is one of the suggested tools for edifice this system. This system common with our system in with some of reserve procedure ; such as hive awaying the client information and taking the payment method. Besides. this system used JAVA as our system but it differs in the sort of user. this system is used online by the invitee while our system is used locally by the employee of the hotel. This system is retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. liacs. nl/assets/Bachelorscripties/2006-08JanneLouw. pdf Fernandez. E. & A ; Yuan. Ten. ( 1999 ) . An analysis Pattern for Reservation and Use of Reclaimable Entities. An analysis form for reserve and used of reclaimable Entities is an article that focuses on the form for doing a reserve for hotel. This article is written by Fernandez and Yuan.

First it goes through the job so solution. demands and effects. The article is supported with some diagrams that make the apprehension more clear. The job occurs when the user’s demands to reserve a hotel room or vehicle for that the system needs a tabular array for hotel suites and vehicle. In order to avoid duplicated reserve for same room or vehicle the system needs a tabular array for available suites and vehicle. Besides. the user may necessitate to reexamine the reserve so the system has a tabular array for reserve. In the solution portion the article foremost discussed the used instance for demands. The first usage instance is doing reserve. in this instance the user make research for available demand by utilizing day of the month. When the demand which is room or vehicle is available the user can make reserve. The 2nd usage instance is use a reserved entity. In this instance when the use of reserve is done. the room or vehicle is recorded as available once more. The 3rd usage instance is modifying the reserve.

The 4th usage instance is call offing the reserve. This system can be used for other reserve like seats for flight. Besides. this system can enter the history of reserve. This system is similar to our system in doing reserve and history but differs in environment. This system is an on-line system and the invitees is the 1 who is responsible reserve while our system local system and the response is one who is responsible of reserve. This system is retrieved from

hypertext transfer protocol: //hillside. net/plop/plop99/proceedings/Fernandez2/reservAnalysisPattern3. PDF Lauesen. S. ( 2003 ) .

Task Description as Functional Requirements. I E E E C o m p u T vitamin E R S o degree Celsius I e T Y. The writer wrote a paper to depict the functional demand for hotels and the infirmaries. theses functional demands indicate what the system shall make. data demands bespeak what it shall hive away and quality demands indicate what it shall hive away. and quality demands how rapidly or how easy it shall execute this article focuses on functional demands. which normally described a system’s input. end product. and the relationship between the two.

The article has three unified Modeling Language usage instance diagram between the receptionist and the hotel system. The first UML diagram helps us to understand the functional demands a hotel direction system. Besides the article include figures. each figure describe subtasks. The first figure is a undertaking description for a hotel’s response work country. The 2nd figure is a undertakings and support description of hotel cheque – in. the last figure describe high-ranking undertakings for invention and concern procedure redesign. This system is similar to our system in the solutionon that traveling to supply to the user. Such as happening a room for a invitee. and receive service. This system is retrieved from

hypertext transfer protocol: //www. itu. dk/~slauesen/Papers/IEEEtasks. pdf

2. 1. 2 Local Literature

bituin Abi. ( August 2010 ) . 658 Apartelle Online Reservation System. Short term base housing is the chief ground that a hotel has been established. In the Philippines. wherein many foreign people go and have a holiday. hotel is ever their first finish to hold relaxation after long hours of travel in an aeroplane. Because of the rapid addition of aliens sing the Philippines for a holiday. a common sight is the constitutions ad sophisticated hotels for competitory advantage. As the consequence of the competition between different hotels. assorted concern schemes had been made to pull clients. such as seting price reductions. holding beautiful and restful environment and above all holding a province of the art computing machine system and installations. The current job observed is the manual invitee list records. the manual reserve of invitees. the manual engagement of suites for the invitees which takes a long clip to carry through.

Harmonizing to the director in the constitution. because they keep on making their occupation manually. it resulted to a really mussy office. tonss of documents around the desks and sometimes of import paperss disappear. From the information gathered. the advocates came up with an thought of suggesting a system that is relevant to the demands of the constitution. extremely efficient to run into their demands and most of all simple. easy to utilize system. The 658 Apartelle Online Reservation Management System is non merely a database for guest list but besides an on-line reserve system. where possible invitee can hold online reserve which will automatically be sent to the database of the 658 Apartelle. Based on the proponent’s observation and interview. they have found many jobs such as clip devouring logging of the guest list names to the log book. troubles in doing reserves and troubles in recovering information on their old invitees because of the documents that are scattered everyplace and misplacing of the guestless records.

As a decision. this system is similar to our system in the solutionon that traveling to supply to the user. Such as happening a room for a invitee. and receive service. hypertext transfer protocol: //www. studymode. com/essays/658-Apartelle-Online-Reservation-System-375787. hypertext markup language Lagman D. ( September 2012 ) . Lan-Based Reservation System for Hacienda Gracia Resort and Hotel. A resort is a topographic point used for relaxation or diversion. where visitants are being attracted to take their vacation or holiday. It refers to topographic points. towns or sometimes commercial constitutions operated by a individual company. On the other manus. a hotel is differentiated as an constitution that provides paid lodging on a short-run footing.

Computer coders are continuously developing a system application to better function resort or hotel invitees because some hotels and resorts are going to the full automated while others are still endeavoring for the similar scene. The research workers introduce a “LAN-Based Reservation with Billing System for Hacienda Gracia Resort and Hotel” to better its reserve and charge system. The coming of new engineering gave rise to easy and hassle-free interaction between and among worlds. This is why most hotel and resorts prefer to use cybernation in their concern. As a decision. their system is a lan-based system so we generate their system a online system for some to form and developed system is appeared to be more attractive. efficient and dynamic.

2. 2 Related Surveies
2. 2. 1 Foreign Surveies

Hotel Swiss-Garden Kuala Lumpur ( 2010 ) The official web site for Hotel Swiss-Garden is http: //www. swissgarden. net/ . The chief maps of Hotel Swiss-Garden online reserve system are to supply hotel information and online room reserve. Visitors can acquire hotel information such as location of hotel. room rates. room description and hotel installations. The reserve procedure required quest to make full their item in reserve signifier. Reservation is guarantee by giving the recognition card inside informations or by hard currency sedimentation. The layout of this online system is clear and user-friendly. Guest can shop through the web site to acquire the information easy. The content of the web site is up-to-date. with no grammatical or spelling errors. The user-friendly layout of system is a good illustration for the developed portal to follow.

This is to do certain that the visitants will experience comfy or easy to shop through the portal. The up-to-date contents. without grammatical or spelling errors and broken links are to vouch visitants can acquire the right thought. This is a really of import theory to use in the developed system. as information is important for possible pursuits. The portal must do certain that possible pursuits get the right information. such as room rates and hotel location. This online system merely shows the inactive image of the hotel room. Guests are non able to see the whole image of the room they are traveling to reserved and remain. A image worth a 1000 words. Alternatively of giving plentifulness words to explicate the room status. it is more suited for quest to hold a practical circuit on the room they are traveling to remain. This can increase their satisfaction towards the room status. The on-line system of Swiss-Garden is to the full organized by its developer. The content of this system will necessitate the website interior decorator to update.

As on-line reserve system is portion of the hotel’s belongings. hotel staff should hold the authorization to manage the online system. There should be a manner for them to update the information themselves. without refer to the website interior decorator. The online system should supply contact information to let quest to reach if they have any inquiries or remarks. It is of import to listen to the feedback from them. in order to heighten the quality of hotel’s services. As decision. good feature of this online system is applied in the developed to enables staff to form their on-line reserve system. The developed system is appeared to be more attractive. efficient and dynamic. Hotel Shangri-La. Singapore. The official web site is http: //www. Eden. com/ . Shangri-La Rasa Sentosa Resort. Singapore is one of the hotel ironss for Shangri-La Corporation.

The official web site for Shangri-La Sentosa Singapore is really powerful web site. which consist for many utile maps. The intents of the web site for Shangri-La Sentosa are to supply hotel’s information and online room reserve. Visitors can acquire the hotel information such as hotel location. room rates. hotel publicities. room description. exposure gallery. and hotel services and installations from this web site. Besides. the web site besides includes a antic map. which is practical circuit for hotel. The topographic points available in practical circuit are anteroom. suites. map suites. diversion. eating house and bars. Visitors can utilize their computing machine mouse to voyage around the hotel.

For concern individual use. the website provides a signifier for pursuit to make full in their reserve inside informations. In add-on to room reserve. invitees may make full in another signifier to do particular petition for their reserve. The construction of this web site is good organized and easy to voyage through. Visitors may acquire a batch of information from this web site. The content of the web site is up-to-date. with no grammatical or spelling errors and broken links. The up-to-date contents. without grammatical or spelling errors and broken links are to vouch visitants to acquire the right information. This is a really of import theory to use in the developed system. as information is important for possible pursuits. The portal must do certain that possible pursuits get the right information. such as room rates and hotel location. The practical circuit on hotel has added synergistic consequence and therefore can pull more visitants to see the web site. By clearly Shown hotel status. this may assist guest to better understand the topographic point they are traveling to remain.

They can easy take any room they wish after the practical circuit. Anyway. each visitant will hold to put in Java application before they can see the practical circuit application. As decision. Shangri-La Sentosa online reserve system is an efficient. powerful and robust online system. The good features of this online system should be learn and use in the developed system. In order to heighten the current system. the system is developed to enables every visitants holding their practical circuit on hotel. The developed system is appeared to be more attractive. efficient and dynamic to pull more clients. Marco Polo Guesthouse. The official web site is http: //www. penangguesthouse. com. . The nucleus maps of Marco Polo Guesthouse online reserve system are to supply on-line room reserve. hotel information and tourer information. Visitors can acquire the guesthouse information such as location. room rates. room description and other installations. In add-on. invitee can acquire the tourer information of the topographic point where Marco Polo Guesthouse is located. Marco Polo Guesthouse is located at Batu Ferringhi. Penang.

The online system had includes the going information of Batu Ferringhi. and Pulau Pinang every bit good. This online system appears to hold multi-functions. in add-on to online reserve system. Visitors may acquire cognize more about the topographic point they are traveling to remain. and have make certain they had a select a right topographic point to remain. The online system had stated out the contact person’s figure and e-mail clearly. In instance visitants have any inquirers. they can name or compose to the contact individual. Suggestions from invitee are good to assist the hotel concern turning. Anyway. the online system did non supply an instant engagement system. Guests will hold to wait for verification within 24 hours after their engagement. To heighten the current system. system is developed to enables guest have handiness cheques and instant verification of the engagement. The intent of this characteristic is to salvage valuable clip and to cut cost. as it will extinguish email exchanges between invitees and reserve section.

Valuable reserves staff clip is saved because reserve petitions will no longer hold to be processed. Although the online system had included the image for the sleeping room. kitchen and dining room. visitants merely can see of it. With a more beforehand characteristic provide in developed system. visitants will be able to see the whole room. for every angle of the room. The current online system for Marco Polo Guesthouse did non include the direction for housekeeping. In add-on to heighten the functionality of developed system. a ‘Housekeeping’ characteristics added for housekeeper to execute their day-to-day work. As decision of this instance survey. system will be developed to hold an instant engagement for the room and repasts. There is a ‘back office’ for them to command the content of the portal. This is to assist hotel in better direction of their reserve and content of portal. The ‘Housekeeping’ characteristics besides hope to supply staff have better direction of day-to-day work and be able to work on agenda.

2. 2. 2 Local Surveies

Catalogue Horse21. ( 20l3 ) . an on-line hotel Catalogue in Philippine. The Microtel Inn & A ; Suites by Wyndham Manila/At Mall of Asia is strategically situated near SMX Convention Center. SM Mall of Asia and Ninoy Aquino International Airport. It is near major concern territories and tourer finishs. It is easy accessible by private and public conveyance. The hotel has a eating house functioning international culinary art and map room for 200 individuals. The swimming pool located at the roof deck will be operational shortly. Free WIFI in Lobby. Restaurant Merely. Php 100/hour for in-room cyberspace usage. Free counter breakfast in all suites. Hotel does non offer room merely rate. Microtel by Wyndham® stands out from other belongingss because of the system-wide design of its edifices and trappingss that stress map. comfort. and convenience. while at the same clip meeting international quality criterions. The online system did non supply an instant engagement system.

Guests will hold to wait for verification within 24 hours after their engagement. To heighten the current system. system is developed to enables guest have handiness cheques and instant verification of the engagement. The intent of this characteristic is to salvage valuable clip and to cut cost. as it will extinguish email exchanges between invitees and reserve section. Valuable reserves staff clip is saved because reserve petitions will no longer hold to be processed. As decision. system will be developed to hold an instant engagement for the room and repasts. There is a ‘back office’ for them to command the content of the portal. This is to assist hotel in better direction of their reserve and

World Wide Web. catalogue. horse21. com

Shangri-La’s Mactan Resort & A ; Spa ( 20l3 ) . a resort hotel owned by Shangri-La Hotels and Resorts located at the island of Mactan. Cebu. It was one time the Philippines’ largest resorts. equipped with 547 invitee suites and suites. Shangri-La’s Mactan Resort and Spa. Cebu received the “ASEAN Green Hotel Standard” at the ASEAN Tourism Forum 2008 held late in Bangkok. Thailand. Since it opened in October 1993. Shangri-La’s Mactan Resort and Spa. Cebu has won assorted awards from international establishments such as Asia Money. Business Traveller. Conde Nast. HotelClub. com. Smart Travel Asia. Time Magazine. Travel Weekly ( for “Best Spa” ) and Zagat World’s Top Hotels. Resorts and Spas. Besides. the web site besides includes a antic map. which is practical circuit for hotel. The topographic points available in practical circuit are anteroom. suites. map suites. diversion. eating house and bars. Visitors can utilize their computing machine mouse to voyage around the hotel.

For concern individual use. the website provides a signifier for pursuit to make full in their reserve inside informations. In add-on to room reserve. invitees may make full in another signifier to do particular petition for their reserve. The construction of this web site is good organized and easy to voyage through. Visitors may acquire a batch of information from this web site As decision. Shangri-La’s Mactan Resort & A ; SPA online reserve system is an efficient. powerful and robust online system. The good features of this online system should be learn and use in the developed system. In order to heighten the current system. the system is developed to enables every visitants holding their practical circuit on hotel. The developed system is appeared to be more attractive. efficient and dynamic to pull more clients.

hypertext transfer protocol: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Shangri-La_Mactan_Island_Resort_ % 26_Spa. _Cebu

Marco Polo Hotel ( 2013 ) . Every hotel of the Marco Polo group is an incarnation of Asiatic heat and Western comfort. a blend which conjures an unforgettable experience for every invitee remaining with us. Marco Polo hotels provide their invitees with a alone travel experience which embraces the local appeal and the escapade of travel with the deeply instilled elegance and heat of the in-house civilization of Marco Polo hotels. Every Marco Polo hotel befits the new-age traveler. whether on concern or leisure. with its elegant design. faultless service and modern amenitiess. Just like the continent we are based in – Asia. Marco Polo Hotels with its 13 belongingss in cardinal Asiatic concern finishs has flourished and established itself as one of the taking hotel trade names in the part.

Anyhow. the online system did non supply an instant engagement system. Guests will hold to wait for verification within 24 hours after their engagement. To heighten the current system. system is developed to enables guest have handiness cheques and instant verification of the engagement. The intent of this characteristic is to salvage valuable clip and to cut cost. as it will extinguish email exchanges between invitees and reserve section. Valuable reserves staff clip is saved because reserve petitions will no longer hold to be processed. Although the online system had included the image for the sleeping room. kitchen and dining room. visitants merely can see of it. With a more beforehand characteristic provide in developed system. visitants will be able to see the whole room. for every angle of the room.

The current online system for Marco Polo Hotel did non include the direction for housekeeping. In add-on to heighten the functionality of developed system. a ‘Housekeeping’ characteristics added for housekeeper to execute their day-to-day work. As decision of this instance survey. system will be developed to hold an instant engagement for the room and repasts. There is a ‘back office’ for them to command the content of the portal. This is to assist hotel in better direction of their reserve and content of portal. The ‘Housekeeping’ characteristics besides hope to supply staff have better direction of day-to-day work and be able to work on agenda.

hypertext transfer protocol: //www. marcopolohotels. com/en/index. hypertext markup language

2. 3 Synthesis and Significance of the Study

In synthesis and significance. the intent of reappraisal related literature and surveies is to analyze other online system and analyse the system. By analyzing other system can assist to develop a more complete and efficient system. These surveies discuss to use in developed system. Good characteristics of the studied online system in developed system

After studied the related literature and surveies. it is conclude that every system has its strengths and failing. The intent of those on-line reserve systems is fundamentally the same. which enables invitee to do on-line room reserve. Anyway. some systems provide other utile maps for visitants in add-on to online reserve. Therefore. the on-line reserve system is hoped to supply May utile information. A new characteristic is added into the develop system after studied other online system. The characteristic is to supply a ‘back office’ for staff to pull off the reserve of suites. repasts and bundles. There is besides a characteristic for housekeeper to mention to their day-to-day work agenda. The developed system non merely includes the bing maps of an on-line reserve system. but besides added in more characteristics to heighten its functionality

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