This mission which Rizal conceived with the blessing of his older brother Paciano was to detect keenly the life and civilization. linguistic communications and imposts. industries and commercialism. and authoritiess and Torahs of the European states in order to fix himself in the mighty undertaking of emancipating his opressed people from Spanish dictatorship. This was evidenced in his farewell missive which was delivered to his parents shortly after his going for Spain.
• Secret Departure for Spain
Rizal’s going for Spain was kept avoid sensing by the Spanish governments and mendicants. Even his ain parents did non cognize because he knew they. particularly his female parent. would non let him to travel. Merely his older brother ( Paciano ) . his uncle ( Antonio Rivera. male parent of Leonor Rivera ) . his sisters ( Neneng and Lucia ) . the Valenzuela household ( Captain Juan and Capitana Sanday and their girl Orang ) . Pedro A. Paterno. his compadre Mateo Evangelista. the Ateneo Jesuit male parents. and some intimate friends. including Chengoy ( Jose M. Cecilio ) . The sort Jesuit priests gave him letters of recommendation to the members of the society in Barcelona. He used the name Jose Mercado. a cousin from Bi?an. *May 3. 1882. Rizal departed on board the Spanish soft-shell clam Salvadora edge Singapore.
During the ocean trip to Singapore he carefully observed the people and things on board the soft-shell clam. The ship captain. Donato Lecha. from Asturias Spain. *May 8. 1882. While nearing Singapore. Rizal saw a beautiful island. Fascinated by its scenic beauty. he remembered “Talim Island with the Susong Dalaga” . *May 9. 1882. The Salvadora docked at Singapore. Rizal landed. registered at Hotel de la Paz. and exhausted two yearss on a sightseeing soiree of the metropolis. which was a settlement of England. He saw the celebrated Botanical Garden. the beautiful Buddhist temples. the busy shopping territory. and the statue of Sir Thomas Standford Raffles ( laminitis of Singapore ) .
• From Singapore to Colombo
In Singapore Rizal transffered to another ship Djemnah. a Gallic soft-shell clam. which left Singapore for Europe on May 11. It was a larger and cleaner vas which carried more riders. *May 17. 1882. The Djemnah reached Point Galle. a seacoast town in Southern Ceylon ( now Sri Lanka ) .
• First Trip Through Suez Canal
From Colombo. the Djemnah continued the ocean trip traversing the Indian Ocean to the Cape of Guardafui. Africa. At the following stopover—in Aden – Rizal went ashore to see the sight. From Aden. the Djemnah proceed to the metropolis of Suez. the Red Sea terminus of the Suez Canal. It took the Djemnah five yearss to track the Suez Canal. At Port Said. the Mediterranean terminus of Suez Canal. Rizal landed in order to see the intersting sights.
• Naples and Marseilles
From Port Said. the Djemnah proceed on its manner to Europe. On June 11. Rizal reached Naples. On the dark of June 12. the soft-shell clam docked at the Gallic seaport of Marseilles. He visited the celebrated Chateau d’If. where Dantes. hero of The Count of Monte Cristo. was imprisoned. He had enjoyed reading this novel of Alexander Dumas when he was a pupil at the Ateneo. He stayed two and a half yearss in Marseilles. basking every twenty-four hours of his visit.
On the afternoon of June 15. Rizal left Marseilles by train for the last lap of his trip to Spain. After the passport review at Port- Bou. Rizal continued his trip by rail. eventually making his finish – Barcelona on June 16. 1882.
• “Amor Patrio”
In progressive Barcelona. Rizal wrote a chauvinistic essay entitled “Amor Patrio” ( Love of Country ) . his first article in Spain’ s dirt. He sent his article to his friend in Manila. Basilio Teodoro Moran. publishing house of Diariong Tagalog. the first Manila bilingual newspaper ( Spanish and Tagalog ) . Rizal’s “Amor Patrio” . under his pen- name Laong Laan. appreared in print in Diariong Tagalog on August 20. 1882. It was published in two texts – Spanish ( originally written by Rizal ) and Tagalog ( translated ny Marcelo H. del Pilar.
• Manila Moves to Madrid
Rizal received sad intelligence about the cholera that was harrying Manila and the states. Many people had died and more were deceasing daily. Harmonizing to Paciano’s missive. dated September 15. 1882. the Calamba folks were holding afternoon novenas to San Roque and nocturnal emanations and supplications so that God may halt the awful epidemic. which the Spanish wellness governments were impotent to look into. Another sad intelligence from the Philippines was the gabby missive of Chengoy telling the unhapiness of Leonor Rivera. who was acquiring dilutant beacause of absence of love. In one of his letters ( dated May 26. 1882 ) . Paciano advised his younger brother to complete the medical class in Madrid. Obviously. minding his advise. Rizal left Barcelona in the autumn of 1882 and established himself in Madrid. the capital of Spain.