“Role of Youth and Millennium Development Goals : Challenges and Opportunities” Introduction Millennium Development Goals are eight international development goals that all 192 United Nations member states and at least 23 international or organizations These eight time-bound goals provide concrete, numerical benchmarks for tackling extreme poverty in its many dimensions. They include goals and targets on income poverty, hunger, maternal and child mortality, disease, inadequate shelter, gender inequality, environmental degradation and the Global Partnership for Development.
Adopted by world leaders in the year 2000 and set to be achieved by 2015, the MDGs are both global and local, tailored by each country to suit specific development needs. They provide a framework for the entire international community to work together towards a common end – making sure that human development reaches everyone, everywhere. If these goals are achieved, world poverty will be cut by half, tens of millions of lives will be saved, and billions more people will have the opportunity to benefit from the global economy.
India have been positive trends on certain social indicators, particularly those that respond to vertical, campaign-like approaches: the near eradication of polio; a significant increase in literacy rates; and the enrollment of both boys and girls in primary school. However, progress has been slow in areas requiring systemic changes, such as in the provision of good quality services (i. e. primary health care and community-based nutrition services). There has also been limited change in the practice of key behaviours related to child well-being, such as hand washing and exclusive breastfeeding.
The HIV/AIDS epidemic continues to spread and poses a significant threat. Issues related to child protection, including trafficking and child labour, are becoming more pronounced. Repeated and extensive emergencies such as the tsunami, flooding and earthquakes have also adversely affected the lives of children in India. This uneven development path has been further exacerbated by striking and persistent inequities by gender, caste and geography. GOI has adopted ambitious targets related to children that are in line with, and at times more ambitious than, the MDGS.
Centrally-sponsored schemes have increased public resources to key sectors, notably the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan in education (the national policy to universalize primary education), the Reproductive and Child Health Programme II, the National Rural Health Mission and the Integrated Child Development Services. The challenge remains to convert these commitments and resources into measurable results for all children, especially those belonging to socially disadvantaged and marginalized communities. YOUTH
The definition of Indian Youth “Youth define as those who belongs to the age group of 13 to 35 years called youth In the National youth policy 2003 . The age group may, therefore, be divided into two group 13-19 years and 20-35 years. the age group 13-19, which is a major part of the adolescent age group and 20-35 years adult. According to the UN Youth define as a Youth have been in the forefront of progress and social change in India since time immemorial. India has a significant size of youth population which constitutes the most vibrant and dynamic segment and also the most valuable human resource of the country.
Therefore aiming at Millennium Development Goal could be one of the most cost-effective strategies for achieving growth and development of our country by the help of youth. A person is deemed to have attained ‘a state of empowerment’ if she/he takes decisions without any external hindrance or compulsion has accessibility to information, resources and services has the knowledge power, exhibits self-control, self-confidence and self-esteem is conscious of rights, privileges and duties as citizen of the nation and is assertive in exercising them. Eight Millennium Development Goal Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education. Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women Goal 4: Reduce Child Mortality Rate 1 Goal 5: Improve maternal health 2 Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases 3 Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability 4 Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development Role of Youth and Millennium Development Goals Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger 47% of young children in India are malnourished, and up to a third of the world’s undernourished children are Indian. Girls are more affected than boys. About one-third of adult women are underweight. Under-nutrition begins early.
Up to 25% of infants are born with low birth weight, predisposing them to under-nutrition and increased vulnerability to disease throughout life. Vitamin and mineral deficiencies are also extremely common in India. Some 74% of children below three years of age and 52% of adult women are anaemic. Anaemia is also common amongst adolescent girls, affecting between 70-80%. Only about half of the salt consumed is adequately iodized, though there has been progress in certain states (see Child Development and Nutrition Programme). Vitamin A supplementation coverage has risen from 17% in 1998-99 to 51 % in 2004-05. Challenges for youth