Rome vs. Han China Essay

August 16, 2017 Cultural

The Han Dynasty and Imperial Rome were both big and powerful imperiums that existed during the Classical Period. The Han Dynasty and Imperial Rome had some major similarities every bit good as differences. The Han Dynasty had a similar authorities system as Imperial Rome. the empires’ authoritiess made the same errors that led to similar diminutions ; nevertheless the government’s engagement and position on trade was different between these two imperiums. Both the Han Dynasty and Imperial Rome were monarchies. They had emperors that had absolute power.

In add-on. both emperors appointed functionaries to assist them govern their land. This system of authorities is called a bureaucratism. The emperors of Han China claimed to hold Godhead right to govern merely like the Roman emperors. Both emperors used this Godhead right to govern to acquire their peoples support. after all if the emperor had Godhead right to govern and you didn’t back up the emperor. so you would be traveling against God. Another similarity between the Han Dynasty and Imperial Rome was that both emperors of each imperium were able to transport out immense public works undertakings.

These emperors were able to make so because the two imperiums had similar authorities systems. monarchy. therefore the emperors had absolute power and could coerce their people to construct these public plants. Just like the Romans the Han built canals and roads. nevertheless unlike the Romans. the Han improved upon their great wall and did non develop aqueducts. Both the Han Dynasty and Imperial Rome had this similar authorities because their politicians wanted to hold absolute power and supported the monarchy system.

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Imperial Rome’s and The Han dynasty’s authoritiess besides made similar errors which led to similar diminutions. Since both authorities systems were monarchies. the emperors had absolute power. Although some Emperors from both imperiums made immense betterments to their several imperiums. some emperors from both imperiums made critical errors. Besides. in both imperiums. their emperors forced their people to work and pay for the public works. The heavy revenue enhancements and concentrate on public plants worsened the economic system. Both imperiums besides spent a batch of money on menaces at their boundary lines.

The Romans. at the clip of their steady diminution. had to pass a batch of money on their military to contend off their enemies. The Romans. at this clip. were invaded by the Huns every bit good as many Germanic folks such as the Visigoths. The Hand Dynasty besides had jobs with their boundary lines. Unlike the Romans. The Han paid off their encroachers. The Han were largely invaded by nomads. As a consequence of both imperiums passing a batch of money. both authoritiess decided to make more money to pay off their depts. As more money was made by the authorities. the less it became deserving.

As a consequence. there was rising prices ; monetary values went up nevertheless peoples stored money lost value. Not merely did Imperial Rome and Han China face economic problems. their people were disunities. The spread between the rich and the hapless grew in both dynasties. And as a consequence of hapless authorities. there was “unfair” land distribution which causes hatred between the rich and the hapless. This hatred led to disunity. In both imperiums. authorities functionaries and generals fought each other for power alternatively of their common enemies.

In add-on to the disunity between the rich and the hapless. both Han China and Imperial Rome. divide their imperiums to do them easier to command. The neglecting economic system and disunity. which were caused by similar failing authorities systems which gave absolute power to one individual. led to the diminution of both Han China and Imperial Rome. Han China and Imperial Rome had many similarities. they did. nevertheless. have some differences. For illustration their authoritiess had different positions on trade and authorities engagement in trade. Not merely this. Han China and Imperial Rome traded different merchandises.

The Han traded silk and porcelain while the Romans traded their olive merchandises and any abundant agricultural green goods. The Han were so influential in their land trade that there were trade paths called “The Silk Roads. ” On the other manus. The Romans were so successful in their sea trade. that the Mediterranean Sea was named “The Roman Lake. ” Besides. the Han authorities decided to concentrate on merchandising their merchandises made at place with foreign states for a net income. while the Romans focused on purchasing needed goods from other states and selling those goods to their ain people.

For illustration. Rome required lumber and grains. Rome traded with Egypt to acquire the grain they needed. In add-on. the Han authorities had a different position on authorities engagement in trade than the Roman authorities. The Han authorities had monopolies on some merchandises such as Fe. This meant that they sold/ traded their Fe with government/political control. Unlike the Han authorities. the Roman’s had more independent trading. The Romans focused on their “latifundias” or big land estates.

The ground why Han China and Imperial Rome had different positions on trade. types of trade. and authorities engagement in trade was because of their geographics and cultural beliefs. For illustration. Since Han China was ethnocentric and believed that they were the best and the universe revolved around them. their authorities made trade more focussed on exporting merchandises. Besides. China had better and more abundant resources than Rome ; this made the people of China non necessitate to import goods from other states. besides their copiousness in Iron led to authorities engagement in the trade of Fe.

This difference in geographics besides explains why Rome focused on importing goods from other states more than China did. Han China and Imperial Rome were both successful imperiums. They had a similar system of authorities. they were both monarchies. Harmonizing to history. even the greatest imperiums fall. This was no exclusion for the Han dynasty and Imperial Rome. Both empires fell due to the errors of their emperors such as excessively much authorities disbursement. Although the imperiums had many similarities. their types. position. and authorities engagement in trade was different.

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