Satisfied people are happy people and happy people are productive people. Therefore, the goal is to .create a working environment in which people like working and in which people work well, a working environment which helps to enrich the life sic of those who work. (Davidmann, 1989)
According to Marinaccio et al. (2013) reviewed, the occupational stress is one of the most challenging issues in occupational safety and health (OSH) now day. Hence, to Niosh, (1999), occupational stress it is a growing concern around the world as it has a significant turned to exhaustion, and sense of job satisfaction has turned into feelings of stress or in the phase set for a job failure .
Stress represents a very significant cost to organization but the real cost of occupational stress is not recognized as it is very complicated (Al-alawi & Al-alawi, 2014).Chetty, Ramkanth, & Pradesh, (2010) reported that stress in the workplace can manifest as absenteeism or habitual absence from work. Both contribute to a loss of productivity. Besides, stressful workers can also contribute to higher accident rates. Following are report from Labour Force Survey (LFS), Health and Safety Executive (2017), showed that:
• The total number of cases of work related stress, depression or anxiety in 2016 and 2017 was 526,000, a prevalence rate of 1,610 per 100,000 workers. This was not statistically significantly different from the previous period. The rate of self-reported work-related stress, depression or anxiety has remained broadly flat but has shown fluctuations. Refer to table 5.
• The number of new cases was 236,000, an incidence rate of 720 per 100,000 workers. Refer to table 6.
• The total number of working days lost due to this condition in 2016/17 was 12.5 million days. This equated to an average of 23.8 days lost per case. Working days lost per worker due to self-reported work-related stress, depression or anxiety has remained broadly flat but has shown some fluctuations.
• In 2016/17 stress, depression or anxiety accounted for 40% of all work-related ill health cases and 49% of all working days lost due to ill health.
• The main work factors cited by respondents as causing work-related stress, depression or anxiety were workload pressures, including tight deadlines and too much responsibility and a lack of managerial support (2009/10-2011/12). Refer to table 7.