Smart Energy Meter Systems

July 12, 2017 February 4th, 2019 Engineering

SMART ENERGY METER SYSTEM

Abstraction

The purpose of the undertaking is to minimise the waiting line at the electricity charge counters and to curtail the use of electricity automatically, if the measure is non paid. The undertaking besides aims at suggesting a system that will cut down the loss of power and gross due to power larcenies and other illegal activities. The work system adopts a wholly new construct of “Prepaid Electricity” . The GSM engineering is used so that the consumer would have messages about the ingestion of power ( in Watts ) and if it reaches the minimal sum, it would automatically alarm the consumer to reload. This engineering holds good for all electricity distribution companies, private communities, IT parks and self-containing lodging undertakings. The execution of this undertaking will assist in better energy direction, preservation of energy and besides in making off with the unneeded fusss over wrong charge. The machine-controlled charge system will maintain path of the existent clip ingestion and will go forth small range for dissension on ingestion and charge.

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In this system the microcontroller nowadays at the user terminal count the figure of units consumed and sends the informations through ZigBee on having the signal from the service supplier.

KEYWORDS: Energy Meter, GSM Technology, ARM7 ( LPC2138 ) , Zigbee.

1. Introduction

Electricity is one of the critical demands for sustenance of comfy life. It should be used judiciously for its proper use. In our state consumers are non satisfied with the services of power distribution companies like MSEB ; because of traditional metre charge methods adopted which requires immense figure of labour and long working hours to roll up complete informations and charge. Human operator charge method is prone to erroneous. [ 1 ] , [ 2 ] Sometimes the energy metre is placed in a location where it is non easy accessible. Manual charge is sometimes restricted and slowed down by assorted grounds. Printed charge has the inclination of losing in the letter box. The increased population and industrialisation in the states like India, to ease easy and sure service with minimal operating cost, a better method of charge process is proposed in this undertaking. Assorted methods and engineerings such as cyberspace, Ethernet, embedded RF faculty, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth were established and developed to supply and show the solution of efficiency, dependability and effectivity of Automatic Energy Meter system. [ 3 ]

The above mentioned methods are either excessively expensive to implement and run, necessitate complex apparatus of substructure, short operating distant and still necessitate field intercession of human operators. With the rapid development of planetary system for Mobile ( GSM ) substructure in the past few decennaries has made Automatic Energy Meter system more dependable and possible. [ 4 ] The GSM automatic energy metre system presented in this undertaking takes advantage of the available GSM substructure, countrywide coverage in the state and the short message service ( SMS ) , cell airing characteristic to direct the power ingestion measure to the client. [ 5 ] , [ 6 ]

2. AIM OF THE PROJECT

The chief aim of this undertaking is to show the thought of a to the full “Automatic Energy

Meter” holding capablenesss like tele-metering and modulating the supply to the energy metre

Sr. no

Year

Undertaking Name – Writer

Decision

2010

Design and Implementation of Secure Low Cost AMR system utilizing

GPRS Technology- Wael El-Medany Sufyan Al-Irhayim

High cost and PIC accountant based

2011

Design and Implementation of Automatic Meter Reading System Using GSM, ZIGBEE through GPRS- Dr, Sidappa Naidu

Analog metre and 89C51 accountant

2012

Wireless Energy Meter and Billing via ‘SMS’- P.V. Santhoshi Roja, B. Kiran Babu, V. Samson Deva Kumar

Extra external memory used with AT 89C52 accountant

2012

GSM Based Power Meter Reading and Control System – Mr.Rahul Ganesh Sarangle, Prof.Dr.Uday Pandit Khot, Prof. Jayen Modi

there is no opportunity of confusion to the

user for paying the measure.

2013

GSM based Automatic Energy Meter Reading-

Dr. Khalid H. Qamar Engr. Mazhar Iqbal

Conventional Energy Meter

2014

GSM based Automatic Meter Reading System utilizing ARM controller- Bharat Kulkarni

GSM based

2. LITERATURE SURVEY

4. Methodology

In this system the microcontroller nowadays at the user terminal count the figure of units consumed and sends the informations through ZigBee on having the signal from the service supplier. Up on having the information from the user terminal the microcontroller nowadays at the service supplier side sends the information to the personal computer. This personal computer manages all the received information, computes the charge cost and updates the database. After specified continuance the microcontroller will direct the power ingestion measure to the user utilizing GSM in the signifier of SMS. After directing the measure if the client did non pay the measure before due day of the month, an qui vive will be send to the client before the completion of the clip allotted for paying the measure. Even so if the measure is non paid, the supply to the client will be disconnected. If the measure is paid before the due day of the month, the supply will be uninterrupted without any break.

4.1 BLOCK DIAGRAM

4.2 At User End

The figure 3.1 shows the block diagram of User End. The microcontroller will continuously number the figure of units consumed and relay will command working of energy metre as good LCD is connected to meter to expose figure of units consumed and sends this count to the service supplier through ZigBee.

This is our system were energy metre is connected to the micro accountant one side and on the other manus it is connected to the chief supply Whenever SMS is sent to the energy Provider Company so client is given an qui vive dismay which besides reminds client about the measure. This is for the client flexibleness here we besides provide LCD Display. This helps the client for verifying the information when SMS is sent to the energy Provider Company. This reduces errors done by the workers during taking the energy metre readin

.USER END.jpgSERVICE PROVIDER END.jpg

Fig 3.1: At User End Fig 3.2: At Service Provider End

4.3 At Service Provider End

The figure 3.2 shows the block diagram of Service Provider End. On having the count through ZigBee the microcontroller updates the content of personal computer and shops in it. After a fixed clip, thesystem processes the information, computes the measure and sends the power ingestion measure to the client through SMS by utilizing GSM Technology. If the client did non pay the measure before the due day of the month, an qui vive will be send to the client. Even so if the measure is non paid, power supply

will be disconnected. If the measure is paid before due day of the month, the power supply will be uninterrupted without any break.

4.4 FLOW CHART OF THE SYSTEM

4.4.1: Flow Chart At User End 4.4.2: Flow Chart At Service Provider End

Fig 4.1: At User End Fig 4.2: At Service Provider End

The figure 4.1 shows the flow of User End & A ; The figure 4.2 shows the flow chart of Service Provider End.

5. Decision

We are traveling to do commissariats for C # linguistic communication which is traveling to utilize for scheduling of undertaking and we are besides traveling to set commissariats for different characteristics like graph plotting as per the user etc.

In future we can besides update the duty within the energy metre by composing a plan in the Java and it must be connected to the energy metre utilizing USB port which automatically updates the plan in the accountant. And we must besides do easy to the clients for purchasing the Watts utilizing SMS petition. This makes flexible for both user and the company.

It non merely work out the job of manual metre reading but besides provide extra characteristic such as power gulf, power connect, power cut qui vive and Data base waiter can hive away the current month informations and besides all old month informations for future usage. So it saves a batch of clip and energy.

6. Mention

  1. Ali Zaidi.S.K. , “Design and execution of low cost electronic prepaid energy meter” , Multitopic Conference, 2008. INMIC 2008. IEEE International 2008.
  2. Design and Implementation of Automatic Meter Reading System Using GSM, ZIGBEE through GPRS- Dr, Sidappa Naidu M.P Praveen, The Hindu News on 26/06/2011, hypertext transfer protocol: //www.hindu.com.
  3. Wireless Energy Meter and Billing via ‘SMS’- P.V. Santhoshi Roja, B. Kiran Babu, V. Samson Deva Kumar Loss.P.A.V, Lamego. , Minessota, USA, May 18-21, 1998.
  4. GSM Based Power Meter Reading and Control System – Mr.Rahul Ganesh Sarangle, Prof.Dr.Uday Pandit Khot, Prof. Jayen Modi, Student Member, IEEE, 2003.
  5. GSM based Automatic Meter Reading System utilizing ARM controller- Bharat Kulkarni
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