SOCIOLOGICAL IMAGINATION ON UNEMPLOYMENT
In sociology there is individual’s private issues and public issues which connect with Sociological imagination the concept by C. Wright Mills and it have interlink with unemployment. Mills elaborate sociological imagination as the ‘the vivid awareness of the relationship between experience and wider society and to think yourself away from the familiar retinue of everyday life’. This essay will apply the sociological imagination to unemployment. Firstly, it will discuss unemployment. Secondly it will describe the causes of unemployment. thirdly, it will discuss the effect of unemployment then conclude. In the way of unemployment, one’s may experience problems of not finding a job is a personal issue but the community have the same issue this now makes it a social/public issue. People are experiencing social change, looking at this process of social change the sociological imagination can be applied. People now have opportunities to go shopping, travelling, modern technology.
Unemployment is a concern in every society. Individuals face one or more social issue. Personal issue refers to the problems experiencing one individuals of many in society which can be divorce, unemployment and sickness. Most of the time society is facing a cyclic unemployment where economy is in depression. Other times lack of education result to unemployment. large number of people are depending on their income(grant) to make a living. Those people who are unemployed are load to the economy and funds for development in the country decrease. Government do everything to assist those who unable to provide food for themselves even though unemployment will never be completely stopped. Unemployment may be regarded as a public issue.
There are various reasons people are unemployed. Lack of education is one of the cause of employment. People drop out school for various reasons. Most people cannot afford to study at higher institutions as it requires a lot of finance, can be for meal, accommodation and transport. Government is trying to help student with financial Aid but cannot assist all student. If we look at our parent, most of them are uneducated and they depend on Government. In the earlier years people believed that a woman does not need education. Families are dissimilar, others are managed by children with no adult. When God created human being, he made differences and people are different in minds. Other people drop out of school because they fail their grades several times.
Many times, unemployment is due to the economy. When the economy is in Recession, unemployment rate increases. According to Steven Nickolas (2018), “when an economy is facing recession, business sales and revenues decrease, which cause businesses to stop expanding. when demand is not high, businesses start to report losses and first try to reduce their cost by lowering wages or keeping wages where they are and ceasing to hire new workers, which increases unemployment rate”. There is no way to avoid recession which identify to unemployment. It requires years to stabilize the recession in the economy.
People are now living in the world of technology. Technology has made our lives easy even though it can affect the society negatively. Workers or employees are substituted by robots and machines which create unemployment. Industries prefer machines to avoid paying wages to people. machines save money and they are fast in producing or manufacturing. Business owner believe technology can boost their production which is real but that affect the society. There are few people who are employed in factories, only the machine operators and cleaners. It is costly to purchase production machines but it is a great investment for businesses.
Youth of today is expensive, they want some unaffordable or expensive things. Grant is very helpful but it is also the reason teenage pregnant is incrementing. Most of the teenagers fall pregnant in order to receive income(grant) for expenses. Divorce rate arises as people unable to solve their problems financially which influence children. Separation of parent lead to unavailable of guidance and teenagers takes all the decisions.
Teenage pregnant apply private and public issues, but some people may argue that its apply only private. When a teenager is dropping out of school due to pregnancy, that is private issue. South Africa is facing a high teenage pregnancy rate that is public issue.
In sociology there are three perspectives which include conflict perspective. According to Ashley Crossman, “conflict theory states that tensions and conflicts arise when resources, status, and power are unevenly distributed between groups in society and that these conflicts become the engine for social change”. There are conflicts in those who are employed and unemployed. Employment create a certain power either over people, environment you live in or your life. But once that person unemployed that led to powerless and desperate for any available income. Employment status separate families, an unemployed husband is powerless especially when a wife is employed.
Crime rate tend to increase as people are unable to meet their needs through work. The failing of stabilizing unemployment leads people into crime in order to make a living, crime like drug trafficking, prostitution and domestic violence. Hunger makes violence. Some people deals with desperation differently, others blame others and be violent to their families. There is a connection between unemployment, crime and poverty. Other People facing poverty leave their homes and end up in the street. There are lot people who desert their homes for different reasons. They think the only way to make income is by stealing and conning other people. Homeless people usually takes drugs to reduce stress. struggling to get income makes other people to face poverty.
This essay has covered the causes and effect of unemployment on the society. family support is important when one is losing a job or unemployed as others may commit suicide. Losing a job means starting a new life. People can handle unemployment differently. Unemployment is caused by many factors, it can be recession in the economy, technological change and lack of education. Graduate may become unemployed with their degrees.
Crossman, A. (2017). https://www.thoughtco.com/conflict-theory-3026622
Crossman, A. (2012). panopticontheory.blogspot.co.za/2012/12/reflection-one-sociological-imagination.html
Kalil, A Unemployment and job displacement: The impact on families and children. Ivey business journal 2005
Nickolas, S. (2018). https://www.investopedia.com/ask/answers/032515/why-does-unemployment -tend-rise-during-recession.asp