Solon And Lycurgus Essay

July 25, 2017 Law

Of many ancient swayers. two are made really memorable. Lycurgus. swayer of Sparta. and Solon. swayer of Athens. made important impacts on their polis that would go on throughout ancient Grecian history. The reforms that were created by these swayers can be disputed in respects to their benefit on their city state. The reforms Solon implemented were more efficacious in bring forthing democratic alteration in Athens so those reforms that were executed in Sparta by Lycurgus. Due to the fact Solon is a adult male of in-between land. two reforms that are seen as superior to those of Lycurgus’ are the alterations in trade every bit good as authorities.

The reforms implemented by Lycurgus are different than those of Solon’s. Lycurgus. who is non a adult male of in-between land. besides created reforms for trade and authorities. but aimed for a different consequence. Lycurgus reigned for a long clip in Sparta. as he claimed to be a descendant of Heracles. He held all power to develop and implement Torahs. “But Lycurgus was an eleventh-generation descendant of Heracles and had reigned for many old ages in Sparta. ” ( Plutarch. 22. 16 ) . With the power he held. Lycurgus created Torahs that benefited his province. non persons.

These Torahs were chiefly developed around military benefit. such as the jurisprudence pattern of taking immature kids from their households to develop for the ground forces. Lycurgus besides made alterations covering with trade in Sparta. Lycurgus abolished all trades that he deemed unneeded. “After this he ordered a general ejection of the workers in unneeded trades. Indeed most of them would hold left the state anyways when the old currency came to an terminal. since they could non sell their wares. ” ( Plutarch. 25. 9 ) . Again. he focused on trades that would give benefit to the province as a whole.

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He gave no idea to persons. or how other trades could profit the Spartan economic system. When it comes to authorities functions. Lycurgus’ determinations can compare to those of Solon. Lycurgus did non give a portion in authorities to every citizen of Sparta. He took the autonomy of developing his ain Torahs for citizens to follow. and these Torahs were non meant to profit the person. but once more. to profit Sparta as a whole. “Life at Sparta in several ways resembled that of a military cantonment. ” ( Powell 2001. 219 ) . Many Torahs that Lycurgus proposed revolved around the benefit of the Spartan armed forces.

These executions set by Lycurgus do non give any benefit to the democratic alterations happening in society at the clip. Statesman and his reforms are first-class illustrations of how Athens developed the route to democracy. and how the benefits of these reforms make Solon higher-up to Lycurgus as a swayer. Solon. a adult male of in-between land. was urged frontward by the people to govern over them and to settle differences between the rich and the hapless. “Solon. on the other manus. could non travel to such extremes in his fundamental law. since he was a adult male of modest luck and had been chosen by the people.

Yet he made full usage of his power. trusting on the good will of the citizens and their assurance in him. ” ( Plutarch. 22. 16 ) . Since the people chose Solon to govern. he stood a in-between land. and made determinations based on what was best for the people. a true illustration of democracy in Athens. Solon besides benefited the citizens of Athens through is reforms associating to merchandise. Solon implemented a jurisprudence that required every adult male to hold a trade. “He sought to ennoble all trades and ordered the Council of Areopagus to ask how every adult male made a life and to penalize those who had no business. ” ( Plutarch. 22. 22 ) .

Not merely did this jurisprudence green goods work and wealth in Athens. beef uping their economic system. it besides gave citizens the pick to work in any trade they desired. This reform gave chance to citizens. opposed to Lycurgus’ reforms. which permitted them merely to work in certain trades. Through the governmental functions in Athens. Solon is really effectual in bring forthing good alteration. Solon created categories. and within these categories gave everyone an equal portion in authorities. The authorities that Solon developed continues to be used in today’s society. “Athenians called their system demokratia which is merely crudely translatable as ‘democracy’ .

On the significance of the ancient term Aristotle makes some helpful remarks. He reports that demokratia was normally taken to intend regulation by the bulk. and besides personal freedom. ” ( Powell 2001. 272 ) . This authorities developed by Solon. was developed for the people. It gave the opportunity for citizens to lend to how their society was run. This chance strengthened their ways of life and lead to the development of a strong polis. Shown through the alterations employed by Solon. it is made clear that he is more effectual in bring forthing democratic alteration in his city state. so his inferior. Lycurgus.

Solon. who is a adult male of in-between land. made his type of regulation effectual through alterations in trade and authorities. Bing a adult male of in-between land. Solon was forced to do determinations based on the people. apposed to Lycurgus who made determinations based on benefit to Sparta as a whole. Statesmans reform in respects to merchandise. improved the wealth in Athens. every bit good as give citizens the chance to work in their trade of pick. while Lycurgus wholly abolished trade all together. Through his reforms in authorities. Solon gave power to every individual citizen. apposed to Lycurgus who kept all control over his province.

Overall. the alterations that were made by Solon created a strong impact on how Athens was run during their clip period. and this impact continued on to lend to how many states are controlled in today’s society. Bibliography Plutarch. Life of Solon ( from N. M Bailkey Readings in Ancient History ( D. C. Heatlth and Co. 1996 ) pp. 159-165 ) Plutarch. Life of Lycurgus ( from N. M Bailkey Readings in Ancient History ( D. C. Heatlth and Co. 1996 ) pp. 177-185 ) Powell. A. 2001. Athinais and Sparta: building Grecian political and societal history from 478 BC ( NewYork: Routledge ) .


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