STUDENT NAME: SALIM MURIUKI JUMA
REGD. NO: BCSM/2015/30314
UNIT NAME: COMMUNITY POLICING
UNIT CODE: BJS4121
1. a) Effects of Non-cooperation of the Stakeholders in Community Policing in the Society.
Society must adopt a consultative and participatory approaches to preventing and reducing crime which will involve all the stakeholders and all sectors of society, including non-governmental organizations, academia and the private sector. Therefore non-cooperation of the stakeholders have the following effects:
Effect on crime.
Non-cooperation of the stakeholders in Community policing in the society can lead to rise or escalation of crime levels compared to areas that have maximum cooperation between stakeholders. With community policing, the emphasis is on stopping crime before it happens, not responding to calls for service after the crime occurs. Therefore, lack of cooperation for example between the police and the communities can lead to responding to calls hours after the occurrence of a crime. The building of trust, cooperation and changing the relationship between police and community, may enable citizens to be willing to report crime and public order related behavior more than before.
Increase in the fear of crime
One of the aims of community policing is the reduction of fear of crime. It is important to note that police foot patrol are viewed positively by citizens and are reporting a reduction of fear of crime. Lack of coordination and cooperation between the community and the police may have an adverse negative effect on the reduction of fear of crime.
Increased cooperation between the police and local residents increases satisfaction with police services on both sides within the society. This will in effect tremendously improve the relationship between citizens and the police. Non-cooperation between these two stakeholders will lead to deterioration of relations.
Police-community problem solving.
There will be decreased police-community problem solving due to non-cooperation and involvement of those key stakeholders. Community policing promises increased police-community cooperation by facilitating problem solving. Lack of cooperation will lead Police officers to be unwilling to explore alternatives to law enforcement in order to tackle the underlying causes of community problems. An important element of this process is that the police are unable to work closely with other local government and community organizations. The concerted efforts will bring about the results we so much desire for.
1 b) The benefits of community policing.
There are many benefits that arise as a result of the practice of community policing in a society. Below are some of such benefits:
• There is the development of closer and good liaison between the community and the law enforcement. This may lead to improved relations and cooperation thereby reducing fear of the police.
• Crime reduction. There is a marked reduction in crime rates in the society. This is a result of closer liaison between the police and the public. Therefore crime prevention is proactive. Improvement of communications, both within the community and within the law enforcement. It provides a stronger, safer and friendlier community in which to live.
• There is significant improvement in crime reporting as there is increased trust in the police force. Involving the community in policing encourages innovation and creativity since the members in a society feel empowered. Great reduction in complaints against the police in handling issues concerning law enforcement.
• Community policing provides a better understanding of police capabilities and limitations. It enables the public see the job that the police do with the limited amount of resources that they have.
It provides for a closer working relationship with other governmental agencies. Community policing requires a partnership between the community, the police, government, and other stakeholders.
• Community policing creates an opportunity for the law enforcement to be more responsive to the needs of the community.
1. Rosenbaum, Dennis P. (ed.). 1994. The Challenge of Community Policing. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage
2. \”Community Policing\”. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Retrieved 6 Mar 2015.