Summary of a Reflective journal

May 17, 2018 Construction

There are many skills I will need to be successful in this class. One of the skills I will need is how to edit videos and photos carefully. I will need this skill when working on creating images for our print material. A strategy I can use will be to watch the ‘how to’ videos ahead of time and practice on sample images before I start my images for my project.

This way I will be prepared when we start the video editing and creating the final video. Another skill I will need to be successful in this class is organisation. There are many steps that need to be completed during this class to complete the final project. I will need to be organized to make sure that I have all of the materials I will need. One strategy I can use to organize my work is to create folders for each section of work, saving the files I will need in each folder. I can also name files carefully to save time when I need to go back and find them. When I come up with something I am unsure during this class, I will use the tools that are provided for me and seek help from others when needed. This will help me to be successful.

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Important dates in the history of Glasgow’s industry…
1706: Anti-unionists riot; Glasgow is a major smuggling port 1710: The city’s population is estimated to be 13,000; over 200 shops are open; much of the city is liable to flooding 1712: Glasgow owners own 4% of Scottish fleet, 46 vessels1718: Possible date for first Glasgow vessel to sail to America 1719: Cotton printing has begun

1720: Glasgow’s estimated population is 15,000
1726: Daniel Defoe describes Glasgow as “The cleanest and best-built city in Britain”; 50 ships a year sail to America 1730: The Glasgow Linen Society is formed
1735: The city’s ship-owners own 67 ships
1737-1760: A new Town Hall is built west of the Tolbooth
1738: The Anderston Weavers’ Society is formed
1740: Approximately 685,000 m of linen is made in Glasgow, some of which is sent to London 1742: Delft pottery is manufactured in the city
1745: Tennents open a new brewery in Glasgow
1749: A stage coach service opens between Edinburgh and Glasgow 1750: There
are five sugar refineries in the city
1755: The estimated population of Glasgow is 23,500
1757: 2.2 million metres of linen are produced in the city
1760: Glasgow enjoys a wave of prosperity; there are 13 professors at Glasgow University 1769: Tennents brewers is now a large industry; James Watt patents his steam engine condenser 1771: The Scottish economy is boosted by trade through Glasgow 1775: Trade with America in tobacco, sugar, and cotton – the city’s prosperity is at its height 1780: The construction of the Forth and Clyde Canal is completed 1781: Vessels of over 30 tons can now reach Broomielaw Quay

1799: Demonstrations over bread prices; trade in tobacco and rum declines 1800-1899
1809: General Association of Operative Weavers is formed
1813: Weavers fail in bid for fair wages
1814: Glasgow Green is Europe’s first public park
1815: The Glasgow Herald is published twice-weekly
1818: Public supply of gas begins in the city
1825: the University of Glasgow, still located in the High Street, has over 1200 students and about 30 professors; 10 coaches run to Edinburgh daily 1827: The Argyll Arcade opens
1828: James Beaumont Neilson makes breakthrough in iron-smelting technology; a total abstinence society is formed 1836: The Forth and Clyde Canal has increased traffic in goods and passengers 1837: Violent cotton-spinners strike; the leaders are sentenced to transportation 1842: Glasgow slums “the filthiest in Britain”; opening of the Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway and Glasgow Queen Street railway station 1844: Glasgow Stock Exchange opens

1846: Burgh boundaries are more than doubled to 5,063 acres (20.49 km2) 1851: Glasgow is Scotland’s largest city, with a population of 329,096; over 18% are Irish-born; Portland St suspension footbridge is built 1866: The City Improvement Trust clears slums and constructs new roads and buildings 1868-1870: The University of Glasgow buildings at Gilmorehill are built to designs by George Gilbert Scott 1888: International Exhibition (1888)

1896: Opening of the Glasgow Subway

Glasgow, like all other cities now considered to be major towns in Britain, was profoundly affected by the Industrial revolution during the 18th and 19th centuries, and the river Kelvin played no small role in this, although it has always been overshadowed by the legacy of the river Clyde, which has always served as the hub of Glasgow’s industrial activity, particularly shipbuilding. In fact, the dependency of modern Glasgow on this industry is so great that some even say ‘Glasgow made the Clyde, and the Clyde made Glasgow’. One thing that consistently impeded Glasgow’s industrial progress was the shallowness of the Clyde, which meant that cargo often had to be dropped off outside of Glasgow – successive engineers attempted to fix this problem with various ingenious solutions, such as gouging artificial dykes to channel the scouring power of the river, deepening its bed naturally.

In any case, Glasgow has been geologically, culturally and economically defined by industry on the Clyde… entire areas of modern Glasgow, particularly those around the river, would never have existed without it. BUT the Clyde has always been at the heart of Glasgow’s livelihood – In fact, there exists evidence of pre-historic fishing communities on the banks of the Clyde (Stone Age canoes have been excavated. Being a river of comparatively small size, the Kelvin saw a great deal of industrial activity during the boon that the Clyde was at the centre of – For example, there was a paper mill at Dawsholm and a saw mill at Killermont, the point where the Kelvin truly enters Glasgow.

The most obvious remnants of Kelvin’s industry to a modern Glaswegian are the ruins of the flint mill near the botanical gardens. As industry dwindled and time passed, factory buildings by the Kelvin fell into disuse and the river became useful more as a dumping ground for industrial waste. Before long, every living creature in the Kelvin had been killed by industrial effluent, which is particularly tragic given that the river was once a hub for fishing activity.

However, in his book Glasgow’s Other River: Exploring the Kelvin, Alex Matheson describes the post-industrial Kelvin as ‘an ecological miracle’, which is once again home to a number of thriving habitats for wildlife, although the percentage of birds spotted along the Kevin has fallen from 90% at the beginning of the 20th century to only around 40% more recently. Employment in Clydeside Industry currently stands at ¼ of its 1952 level, and this drop in manufacturing employment is reportedly even more extreme in the city of Glasgow itself. Essentially, Glasgow as a city has suffered worse from the post-industrial drop in employment than any other country in the UK, as this situation is amplified by the city’s isolation from the new business hubs of the UK (the midlands and south east).

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