In the authoritative novel. Jane Eyre. Charlotte Bronte tells the narrative of an orphaned governess and her love affair with Edward Rochester. As Bronte develops the secret plan. she subtly uses symbolism to stand for thoughts. Throughout the book. Bronte includes objects and events that symbolize a deeper construct. Symbolism is a cardinal literary device when Bronte describes the relationship between Mr. Rochester and Jane. In one case. the chestnut tree under which Mr.
Rochester proposed is struck by lightning. “I faced the wreck of the chestnut-tree … split down the Centre … The bisulcate halves were non broken from each other … the house base and strong roots kept them unsundered below … they might be said to organize one tree–a ruin. but an full ruin” ( 282 ) . The diction could easy be overlooked. nevertheless. the tree represents the thought that the relationship between Jane and Mr. Rochester will endure harm. yet remain integral.
Similarly. the circumstance affecting Bertha Mason rupturing the espousal head covering in the center of the dark symbolizes an thought. “It removed my head covering … rent it in two parts … flinging both on the floor. trampled on them” ( 290 ) . The head covering. typifying Jane’s matrimony. is torn in two. merely as Jane’s matrimony will besides be cruelly ripped apart. Together. Bronte uses these two symbols as representations of the devastation shortly to happen in Jane’s love life.
Bronte besides applies symbolism to uncover the characters of Jane’s two love involvements. Mr. Rochester and St. John Rivers. When mentioning to Mr. Rochester. the writer uses footings associating to fire. such as when Rochester tries to win back Jane. “He seemed to devour me with his flaring glimpse … powerless as stubble exposed to the draft and freshness of a furnace” ( 325 ) . Therefore. Mr. Rochester is a ardent character. and fire is his symbol. In contrast. Bronte describes St. John Rivers with icy footings.
For illustration. when Jane is stating Rochester of Rivers’ defects. she describes it this manner: “He is good and great. but terrible ; and. for me. cold as an iceberg” ( 457 ) . St. John Rivers is hence represented by ice. These two symbols are used throughout the book. All in all. symbolism plays a function in developing the secret plan of Jane Eyre. It leads to boding. to contrast. and to word picture. Without symbols. the plot line would non be as vividly presented to the reader. Charlotte Bronte’s symbolism surely adds deepness to her impressive novel.