TEACHING AND LEARNING STYLES TEACHING STYLE – individual teachers’ distinctive or characteristic manner of teaching. LEARNING STYLE – are simply different approaches on ways of learning. 4 TYPES OF TEACHER Authoritarian Teacher Permissive Teacher Detached Teacher Authoritative Teacher 4 TYPES OF TEACHING STYLES Authoritarian Teaching Style Permissive Teaching Style Detached Teaching Style Authoritative Teaching Style Teaching Styles 1. Authoritarian Teaching Style – The authoritarian teacher is often described by students as screamer.
This teacher expects children to obey and when they don’t, this type of teacher has little management abilities beyond constant yelling at the students to get back in line. -Very little is allowed past this teacher as every little infraction is caught and disciplined. – Students may obey this teacher but most out of fear, and the teacher will blame the discipline problems in class on the students. 2. Permissive Teaching Style – Is one who really just wants to be friends with her students. She may plead with students to raise their hand or follow other single rules, but does not have a firm discipline plan in place. While students may say they like this type of teacher, when it comes down to difficulty, students know that the teacher will not take care of a problem and will often try to take matters into their own hands as a result. 3. Detached Teaching Style – Is one who really does not care. This teacher has become desentisized to the discipline problems and may not even care what kind of grades her students receive in class. – She will sit behind her desk while students are working and grade papers during class or when on duty. There is no emotional support or behavioral management from detached teacher. – This teacher is often the result of an illness or depression. 4. Authoritative Teaching Style – Is one who has an orderly classroom, a strong discipline plan and is caring and supportive. – Students respect this teacher and know that they can go to her with problems of any kind no matter how big or small. – While this style of teaching is ideal, it can be difficult to achieve. 3 BASIC TYPES OF LEARNING STYLES 1. VISUAL LEARNERS – Learn through seeing.. 2. AUDITORY LEARNERS Learn through hearing.. 3. KINESTHETIC/ TACTILE LEARNERS – Learn through moving, doing and tricking 3 BASIC TYPES OF LEARNING STYLES 1. Visual Learners – Learn through seeing.. -These learners need to see the teacher’s body language and facial expression to fully understand the content of a lesson. They tend to prefer setting at the front of the classroom to avoid visual obstrictions (e. g. people’s heads). They make think in pictures and learn from visual displays including: diagrams, illustrated textbooks, overhead transparencies, videos, flipcharts and hand-outs. During lecture or classroom discussions, visual learners often prefer to take detached notes to absorb the information. 2. Auditory Learners – Learn through listening.. – They learn best trhough verbal lectures, discussions, talking things through and listening to what others have to say. Auditory learners interprets the underlying meanings of speech through listening to tone of voice , pitch, speed and other nuances. Written information may have little meaning until it is heard. These learners often benefit from reading text aloud and using a tape recorder. . Tactile/ Kinesthetic Learners – Learn through, moving, doing and trucking… -Tactile/ Kinesthetic persons learn from best through a hands-on-approach, actively exploring the world around them. They may find it hard to sit still for long periods and may become distructed by their need for activity and exploration. ******TIPS****** TIPS FOR TEACHING THE VISUAL LEARNER * Clean up and take away visual distractions. Write directions down or giver her one step at a time, since multiple spoken directions will often confuse her.
Whenever possible write things down and demonstrate how to do things. Using color to organize information will help her keep things in order and remember information better. TIPS FOR TEACHING THE AUDITORY LEARNER * Find him a quiet place to work. He should be encouraged to read and study out loud. Correct spelling of words is most easily taught using the ‘’say-spell-say’’ method. Whenever possible, encourage spoken answers to questions instead of written answers. TIPS FOR TEACHING KINESTHETIC LEARNER * Utilize as many activities as possible thatallow for movement while learning.
As long as a task is being completed, allow for what may seem like excess movement. This may include standing at the desk or table to do homework, fiddling with a pencil, dacing in her seat, etc. * Use a clock or timer to help cue her to how long any given task should take to keep her focused. Following an active time, have a ‘’calm down’’ period of time before attempting to move on to another task, and use manipulatives to help teach a concept. A manipulative is anything that a child can touch and move and manipulate, no matter how simple or complex. TEACHING STYLES4 Teaching styles are made up of the methods and approaches with which instructors feel most comfortable. Regular use of at least some of the instructional techniques given below will lead to better learning. • Motivate learning. As much as possible,teach new material (vocabulary,rules of grammar) in the context of situations to which the students can relate in terms of their personal and career experiences, past and anticipated, rather than simply as more material to memorize (intuitive, global,inductive). Balance structured teaching approaches that emphasize formal training (deductive,sequential) with more open-ended unstructured activities that emphasis conversation and cultural contexts of the target language(inductive, global). Make liberal use of visuals. Use photographs,drawings, sketches, and cartoons to illustrate and reinforce the meanings of vocabulary words. Show films, videotapes, and live dramatizations to illustrate lessons in texts (visual, global. ) Assign some repetitive drill exercises to provide practice in basic vocabulary and grammar (sensing) but don’t overdo it (intuitive). • Do not fill every minute of class time lecturing and writing on the board. Provide intervals—however brief—for students to think about what they have been told; assign brief writing exercises (reflective). Raise questions and problems to be worked on by students in small groups; enact dialogues and mini-dramas; hold team competitions(active). Give students the option of cooperating on at least some homework assignments (active). • Balance inductive and deductive presentation of course material. Instruct some or all of the class in the language being taught, to facilitate language acquisition and develop skill in oral communication. LEARNING STYLES ARE SIMPLY THE WAY A CHILD LEARNS BEST. PUPILS WILL OFTEN HAVE A DOMINANT LEARNING STYLE. LEARNING HOW TO WORK WITHIN EACH INDIVIDUAL LEARNING STYLE WILL ALLOW PUPILS TO LEARN AND RETAIN MORE INFORMATION.