Teenage pregnancy happens in all ethnic groups in various rate. As per National Vital statistics Reports 2011 the highest rate of teenage pregnancy in Hispanic group and the lowest in Asian/Pacific group and the Statics shows there is a significant decline in teenage pregnancy rate in all ethnic groups compare to 2000. This is a result of teenage education. Teenage pregnancy puts families in health problems, emotional stress and a financial burden to both family and society. It causes drops in school or delay in graduation.
Teenage pregnanmay causeses many health problems includes pregnancy induced hypertension, pre-eclampsia, lack of pre-natal care, pre-mature birth, low-birth weight baby, STDs, post-partum depression, isolation and facing social stigma. Also there is chances of more children in young age and lack of proper care for the baby. Studies show teenage pregnancy happens more in low income class people and poor environment. Teenage pregnancy can reduce by proper education about sex and precautions if they become sexually active.
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Teen need education about how and why delay in starting sex and precautionary methods to prevent early age pregnancy. Parents and teachers have to talk openly about sex and risk factors. Availability of birth control forms also helps to lower the rate. Keep teenagers engaged in physical activities and involve them in cultural and community programs will help to redirect their energy and time. Support them to keep a healthy relationship with peers and friends. Setting a goal in their life will motivate them to concentrate on studies and school.
As part of the President’s Teen Pregnancy Prevention Initiative (TPPI), CDC is partnering with the federal Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health (OASH) to reduce teenage pregnancy and address disparities in teen pregnancy and birth rates. The OASH Office of Adolescent Health (OAH) is supporting public and private entities to fund medically accurate and age appropriate evidence-based or innovative program models to reduce teen pregnancy(CDC, Teen pregnancy prevention 2010-2015).