In 1919 Woodrow Wilson stated. “I can foretell with absolute certainty that within another coevals there will be another universe war if the states of the universe do non work together to forestall it. ” The League of Nations was Wilson’s thought in maintaining the universe at peace and it had four chief purposes: to halt war. to demilitarize. to better people’s lives and occupations and to implement the Treaty of Versailles. Even though the purposes of the League are soon clearly? historiographers still argue that the existent purposes of the League are non what they appear to be.
The League believed in maintaining peace all around the universe. demoing shown clearly through its name the League of Nations. However. historiographers claim “The League of Nations. the unhappy precursor of the UN. should hold been designated the League of Imperial Nations. given that most of the universe at the clip was occupied or controlled by imperial powers. ” The League claimed that it would assist states with any affair. and yet when covering with imperial states or states of the Security Council. it was the smaller states that suffered. In the Corfu Incident. Mussolini invaded and it was Greece that had to endorse down in order for Mussolini to halt. Clearly this does non run into the purpose of bettering people’s lives. True. it did prevent war. but it besides laid basis for the Grecian invasion of Bulgaria in 1925. Similar to the Corfu incident. Grecian functionaries were killed. but the Greeks did non derive the same consequence as the Italians. True. the League settled the difference and prevented eruption of war. but clearly shown through the two state of affairss. states that were more powerful and more important in the League were treated better.
Other states were non profiting the same manner. which clearly emphasizes historiographers that claim it should be the “League of Imperial Nations. ” These were the states that obtained power. Besides seen in when the Gallic and the British invaded the Ruhr for reparations. France and Britain were non condemned. and it resulted in hyperinflation for Germany. The League was run by Imperialist states and they were free to make what they pleased. They were known as the universe police officer. and they themselves were non following their regulations. They didn’t disarm. but forced down the military size of Germany. They wanted to halt war and all force. but they invaded for reparations. Besides. in the Hoare-Laval Pact of 1935. non merely was Abyssinia given to Italy. it was besides done under a secret pact. interrupting Wilson’s Fourteen Points. Once once more it showed that imperialist states are the 1s that are profiting from the purposes. However. historiographers do reason that by subscribing this treaty. the League was seeking to carry through its original purposes. A. J. P Taylor said the treaty “‘was a absolutely reasonable program. in line with the League’s old Acts of the Apostless of conciliation from Corfu to Manchuria’ which would hold ‘ended the war ; satisfied Italy ; and left Abyssinia with a more feasible. national district. ‘”
He believes that Abyssinia was in better conditions and it prevented war. Military historian Correlli Barnett besides believed the Pact was a broad method. He believed that if the League were to reprobate or disregard Italy so Italy. “”would be a possible enemy astride England’s chief line of imperial communicating at a clip when she was already under menace from two bing possible enemies at opposite terminals of the line [ Germany and Japan ] . If – worse – Italy were to contend in a future war as an ally of Germany or Japan. or both. the British would be forced to abandon the Mediterranean for the first clip since 1798” and that arousing Italy would be a “highly unsafe bunk to arouse Italy” due to Britain’s military and naval failing and that therefore the Pact was a reasonable option. ” It prevented war. which was an purpose of the League. but it was for the benefit of Britain. which reiterates the fact that it should hold been the League of Imperialist Nations. Historians and other actions of the League clearly demonstrates non-imperialist states are discriminated against. which is non doing the universe peaceful and a better topographic point.
The League of Nations is to better the life conditions of the people in the universe. They successfully achieved this by shuting down four Swiss pharmaceuticals. it created the International Labor Organization to implement the 48-hour work hebdomad. it help refugees in Turkey and the captives of war from World War One. freed slaves in Africa and sent economic experts to assist Austria and Hungary etc. All of these successes show that the League did desire to better the lives of people and they attempted to make so. But. all the actions that they took were in Europe or in settlements of Europe states. since many African states were still under European control and influence. Countries outside of the European influence did non acquire the same sum of aid. In Manchurian Incident. the Japanese were told leave and that was the terminal of the League’s aid when China had asked for it. The League gained the study of the incident a twelvemonth after Japan had invaded.
Then in 1932 Japan left and Manchuria became Manchukuo and the League did nil about it. From this one failure it is once more seen that the leaders of the League had no concerns except for Europe and themselves. Historians claim that Britain needed to maintain a common relationship with Japan because of the pact that they had signed in the early 1900’s. Britain needed Japan to maintain their settlements in Asia safe. Other than non caring about non-European states. the League didn’t attention for Germany every bit good. The invasion of France in 1923 caused Germany to travel into a province of hyperinflation. This was non doing the universe a better topographic point.
First. it was against the League to occupy and France did non demilitarize. Second. the universe police officer was declining the life conditions in Germany instead than bettering it. every bit seen as an purpose of the organisation. True. they were implementing the Treaty of Versailles because Germany needed to pay reparations. but at the same time they were beliing another purpose. By non caring for European states every bit good as non-European states. the League’s purposes are directed towards Europe and the benefits of the Security Council.
Enforcing the Treaty of Versailles was another purpose of the League of Nations. The Treaty of Versailles was directed towards the penalty of Germany. The League managed this one well. They forced Germany to pay. meeting Article 232. the reparation clause. They made sure that Germany was suppressed and could non go powerful. However. the League sought out for disarming and merely Germany’s military power was suppressed to 100. 000 work forces. When the French invaded it was clear that they had non disarmed. Besides. the calming when Hitler took power clearly went against the Treaty of Versailles. Germany’s land and people were split harmonizing to the Treaty. but Hitler united the German districts with an understanding Chamberlain. Historians claim that there was calming was because Britain and France didn’t want a war and neither of them could contend Germany entirely.
True. they prevented and stopped war for a certain clip period. but wholly disregarded the League’s purposes for their ain purposes and intents. Because the universe police officer couldn’t afford a war and didn’t want a war they let Hitler act as he wished. The purpose of implementing the Treaty contradicts with the purpose of bettering living conditions for people. Because they wanted to implement the Treaty. Germans suffered. They were non guaranteed self-government. they had to demilitarize and they suffered from hyperinflation. When the League broke the purpose of implementing the Treaty they so reached the purpose of halting war. even if it was merely impermanent. Enforcing the pact was a clear and obvious purpose. but it was for the Imperialist states and when they broke the purpose. it was for the same grounds.
The purposes of the League of Nations are clear. However. they were more for the benefits of the European Imperialist states. instead than for the states of the universe. The purposes were said to be for the universe. and yet they focused more on the benefits of Europe and the Security council members.
hypertext transfer protocol: //www. newstatesman. com/200509120019http: //www. replies. com/topic/hoare-laval-pactA. J. P. Taylor. The Origins of the Second World War ( Penguin. 1991 ) . p. 128. hypertext transfer protocol: //www. replies. com/topic/hoare-laval-pactCorrelli Barnett. The Collapse of British Power ( Pan. 2002 ) . pp. 352-3 and p. 356. hypertext transfer protocol: //www. replies. com/topic/hoare-laval-pacthttp: //www. johndclare. net/RoadtoWWII_19_Reasons_for_appeasement. htm