The middle age was an era of European history caused by a gradual decline in the Roman Empire. It was known as “the dark ages” when society declined, taking place between the sass to the asses. The renaissance took place between the asses and asses and was the rebirth” of society. The renaissance began after the wars and plagues when people wanted to celebrate life and the human spirit. Arc This was a period of revival for art, writing, and learning. The main topics which show the similarities and differences between these periods are art and literature, religion, and government. Art and literature was very different in these time periods. The art of the middle ages was mostly religious, including many symbols of Christian concepts and values. There was no perspective art and it lacked things like details, shadowing, and colors. The art wasnt very realistic, but it served a purpose Renaissance art, on the other hand, was very realistic and more interesting Fastu Grap Things were portrayed as they looked using perspective. Art was more focused on the beauty of nature, and less on religion. There was more emphasis on individuals, showing their importance. The use of shadowing and many brighter colors also enhanced the art. Michelangelo Bonaparte, Donated, Leonardo dad Vinci, Raphael Sansei, Isobars Anguish, and Artemisia Gentiles were the most Illustra Industr famous artists of the Renaissance. Middie ages literature downplayed the brutality of knighthood and feudal warfare in the asses. Epic poems were popular, such as the famous “The Song of Roland” as well as love memos and songs. Renaissance writers produced works that reflected their time. They used techniques like writing in the vernacular, or their native language. Renaissance writers wrote for self expression or to portray the individuality of their subjects. During the renaissance, Johann Gutenberg developed the printing press which could produce books quickly and cheaply. This caused ideas and religion to spread rapidly. Overall art and literature became much more advanced and creative over time from the middle ages to the renaissance Artist And Religion changed between the times of the middle ages and the renaissance. During the middle ages, the church build monasteries to adapt to rural conditions. Monks devoted their lives to serving god in monasteries. Women who devoted their lives to god were nuns and lived in convents. The church was very powerful and shaped the lives of people from all social classes. All medieval Christians were subject to canon law in matters like marriage and religious practices. Rulers questioned the popes authority, but the pope used the threat of excommunication. Otto I created the Roman Empire of the German Nation, later called the Holy Roman Empire. In the renaissance people began thinking that the authority and wealth of the church was corrupt new ideas and opinions spread fast because of the printing press. Martin Luther, a Germa wrote 95 theses against the church. His 95 theses spread throughout Germany and sparked the reformation, which split Protestantism spread across Europe. Catholicism started the catholic reformation in response to the 95 theses and the church hanged some of its ways. The main difference with religion between the middle ages and the renaissance is that Catholicism was split into many branches of different beliefs during the renaissance. The third topic compares and contrasts the middle ages and renaissance is government. Pluralism, the system of governing and landholding, began in the middle ages. The feudal system depended on the control of land and was based on rights and obligations. A lord granted a fief to a vassal in exchange for military protection and other services
From the Middle Ages to the Renaissance, Europe underwent a great deal of changes, including attitudes towards learning, science and technology, art and literature, and the way humankind felt about themselves and towards their society. The Middle Ages were the time period between ancient and modern times in Western Europe. Before the Middle Ages, Western Europe was part of the Roman Empire. After the Middle Ages, Western Europe included the Holy Roman Empire, the Archite Cerami kingdoms of England and France, and a number of smaller states The history of the Middle Ages extends from the end of the Roman Empire, about the fifth century AD to the 1 ass’s. The Renaissance was a great cultural movement that began in Italy during the sasss. It spread to England, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, and other countries in the late assess and ended about 1600. The word Renaissance refers to the act of being reborn. During the Renaissance, many European scholars and artists studied the learning and art of ancient Greece and Rome. They wanted to recapture the spirit f the Greek and Roman cultures in their own artistic literary, and philosophic works. The Renaissance overlapped the end of the Middle Ages. the leaders of the Renaissance rejected many of the attitudes and ideas of the Middie Ages. For example, European thinkers in the medieval times believe that people’s chief responsibility was to pray to God and concentrate on saving their souls. They thought that society was filled with evil temptations. Renaissance thinkers, on the other hand, emphasized people’s responsibilities and duties to the society in which they lived. They believed that society could civilize people rather than make them wicked. Learning and the arts during the Middle Ages were devoted to glorifying God (theology) and strengthening the power of the church. Almost all the great ideas and artistic achievements reflected the influence of the church. Painters and sculptors tried to give their works a spiritual quality. They wanted viewers to concentrate on the deep religious meaning of their paintings and sculptures. They were not concerned with making their subjects appear natural or lifelike. Medieval scholars reinstated Greek and Arabic writing from ancient civilizations into Latin, and studied their meanings. More and more scholars became familiar with the writings of the Greek philosopher Aristotle. The scholars argued whether Aristotle teachings opposed those of the church. A field of thought called scholasticism grew out of their discussions and writings. However, during the Renaissance, another cultural break with tradition may be summed up with the word humanism. Classical texts were studied and valued on their own terms, no longer serving merely to embellish and justify Christian civilization. Although the study of ancient literature, history, and moral philosophy sometimes degenerated into slavish imitation of the classics, it was meant to produce free and civilized human beings, people of taste and Judgment, citizens rather than priests and monks. Renaissance painters and sculptors, like Renaissance writers, wanted to portray people and nature realistically. Architects of the Middle Ages designed huge cathedrals to emphasize the majesty and grandeur aware of their own powers and dignity, In medicine and anatomy, progress was made. Some of the most advanced Greek treatises on mathematics were translated in the 16th century and advances made beyond the ancients included the solution of cubic equations and the innovative astronomy. In the field of technology, the invention of printing in the 1 5th century began to revolutionize the dissemination of knowledge. Printing increased the quantity of books, helped eliminate errors, furnished scholars’ identical texts with which to work, and turned intellectual endeavor into a collaborative rather than a loyalty activity. The use of gunpowder transformed warfare between 1450 and 1550. Artillery proved devastatingly effective against the stone walls of castles and towns. The medieval army, led by cavalry and supported by bo firearms and masses of troops with pikes. All of these changes from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance change much Europe. People were less concerned with religious thinking, and concentrated more understanding people and the world. The scholars and artists emphasized the study of humanity. Scholars and artist rediscovered ancient works and gained inspiration from them. Architects began to design non-religious buildings rather than cathedrals. Painters and sculptors began to glorify people and nature in their works. More and more writers composed prose and poetry not in Latin, but in their native languages, including French and Italian. This increasing use of the vernacular opened a new literary age and gradually brought learning and literature to the common people.
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