“One must experience sorry for those who have unusual gustatory sensations. but ne’er diss them. Their incorrect is Nature’s excessively ; they are no more responsible for holding come into the universe with inclinations unlike ours than are we for being born bowed or well-proportioned” . Marquis de Sade. “Dialogue the Fifth” ( 1795 ) . I was particularly intrigued by this statement which offers account on whom we are and why we do things. In kernel. it states that some of us do some things that may possibly be different from what the remainder of us do.
We. nevertheless. should non blame them for holding done the same nor should we diss them because these things do go on and they may go on against the person’s will. This is similar to a personality theory called the Biological Trait Theory which argues that there are biological conditions that control human behaviours. These biological conditions can be traced straight to the procedures that happen in a person’s encephalon. The theory that human behaviour can be traced to biological causes was hypothesized by Hans Eysenck who thought that criminalism resulted from a nervous system distinct from that of most people.
On the other manus. some disregard the impact of interior mental procedures to a person’s behaviour. Some hint human behaviour to the development of a person’s unconscious personality. Sigmund Freud theorized that human personality develops in three phases: Idaho. self-importance and the superego. all of which may explicate human behaviour. ( “Psychoanalytic Theories” ) The Idaho represents the depot of a person’s desires and wants and is considered the most crude of the three personalities.
From the minute of birth. every human individual possesses id which is manifested by the egoism of the kid as he is more focussed on the satisfaction of his wants and desires. The self-importance. on the other manus. represents a self-aware individual who has understood what the universe is non about him entirely. It is at this phase that the kid learns to socialise and obey certain societal norms. The superego pertains to the phase when the kid learns to separate between what is morally right and incorrect. It is at this phase when the kid develops the proper values and additions a construct of morality.
This essay is concerned with these two celebrated personality theories. I aim to explicate these two constructs and use the same utilizing the personality trait of Jeffrey Dahmer. a celebrated consecutive slayer. I believe that both theories can adequately explicate the behaviour of a consecutive slayer and can both explicate why a individual engages in aberrant behaviour. Personality Profile of Jeffrey Dahmer Jeffrey Dahmer was a celebrated consecutive slayer who victimized 17 work forces and male childs between 1978 and 1991. What could hold motivated or impelled such a diffident immature adult male to perpetrate such atrociousnesss?
Jeffrey Lionel Dahmer was born on May 21. 1960 in Milwaukee. Wisconsin. It was said that Jeffrey Dahmer’s jobs started even before he was born. Her female parent. Joyce Dahmer invariably complained of her forenoon illness and even the odor of nutrient cookery bothered her. She besides developed musculus cramps which caused her to take drugs and pills. It was reported that her female parent consumed up to 20 pills a twenty-four hours. As a kid he found pleasance in killing and in mangling animate beings like nailing a Canis familiaris to a tree and crucifying squirrels in his little favored graveyard.
He besides performed eldritch experiments with these animate beings by executing surgeries on them. During his test. it was found out that he collected dead animate beings and exhibited marks of necrophilism. His stepmother Shari Dahmer stated that when he was still immature. he liked to utilize acid to grate the meat off dead animate beings. She even recalled that there was one clip an olfactory property emanated from their cellar and garage. This prompted his male parent to look into. He was surprised to happen out that Jeffrey Dahmer collected castanetss and meat residue of animate beings and placed them inside containers.
His household was known to be a spiritual household. At such a immature age Jeffrey besides experienced traveling to different vicinities. By the age of 8 old ages old his household moved to Ohio. However. because his male parent was so busy with his work and his desire to obtain a PhD. he spent small clip with his household. His household fell apart when he was still really immature. His male parent left their place and finally his parents got divorce. His female parent took his brother while he went on to populate with his male parent. At such a immature age. Jeffrey Dahmer felt the anxiousness of being abandoned by his female parent and brother.
It was reported that as a kid he was sexually molested by his neighbour. During his younger yearss he was highly diffident and was regarded as lone wolf. He was afraid to travel to school and he was terrified when he was with people. At school. he had no friends and he did non like to be with people. His instructors noticed that Jeffrey had a different personality compared to the other male childs at school and suggested that his parents should acquire aid from experts. But he did non. When he attended university. he was hapless in category. Subsequently on when he dropped out of category his male parent convinced him to fall in the military and he became an ground forces trefoil.
In 1988 nevertheless he was arrested for sexually caressing a 13-yr-old male child for which he served one twelvemonth in a work release cantonment and was required to register as a sex wrongdoer. It is nevertheless interesting that his 13th victim was the older brother of the 13-yr-old male child he molested. During his life-time he killed 17 victims: 3 are white and 14 are black. Most of his victims were African American and Asiatic immature work forces. During his test he nevertheless denied that the nature of his offense was racial. All he said during his test was “it was my selfish lust” ( Reader’s Guide to Jeffrey Dahmer ) .
But it can non be denied that race was chiefly the ground for his slayings. The figure of black people he killed as against the white will foreground that race non lust was his primary motive. Jeffrey Dahmer died in 1994 when he. together with another inmate named Jesse Anderson. was killed by a white inmate. named Christopher Scalver. who suffered schizophrenic disorder and psychotic beliefs. They were beaten to decease by a lead pipe. It is said that the ground for the violent death was similarly racial. Modus Operandi Dahmer was 18 when he started his bequest as a consecutive slayer.
His modus operandi was to pick up immature homophile or bisexual work forces in bars. He offers them money so that they could take images of them or he merely invites them to watch picture at his house and imbibe beer. Dahmer will so drug his victims so that he could hold sex with them without any response or reciprocality. He will finally bore holes in the skull of his victims and pour acid on these holes to destruct their encephalons. The consequence of this huffy experiment is that it makes the victims alive but semiconscious. Dahmer will so do sex slaves out of his victims.
The victim’s caput and genital organ were finally kept as trophies and the musculuss would be frozen to be eaten subsequently. Dahmer besides conducted medical experiments on his victims by boring holes and pouring acid to the hole. Jeffrey Dahmer’s cannibalistic inclinations as a kid and his pattern of necrophilia became manifest merely at the age of 18. It is said that the figure of victims he killed would non hold escalated to 17 had the constabulary closely looked into the disappearing of homosexuals or black people within the vicinity. Likewise the tribunals were considered lenient on discourtesies he committed earlier in his life.
The societal workers were likewise negligent in failure to supervising him despite the earlier discourtesies he committed. It bears emphasizing that it was merely when he was really caught that the constabulary found out that there was a racialist slayer in the street. An illustration of this is what happened with this 13th victim Konerak Sinthasomphone. Three constabularies officers were called at that clip. Upon geting at the scene they noticed 14-year-old Konerak Sinthasomphone who was running about naked and slightly baffled. It appeared that he was running off from Jeffrey Dahmer. Two misss noticed and they informed the constabulary about this.
But the constabulary nevertheless believed Jeffrey Dahmer who convinced them that the 14-year-old male child was really 19 old ages old and was his lover and that they are merely holding a lover’s wrangle. The constabulary so escorted the 14yr old Konerak Sinthasomphone back to Jaffrey Dahmer’s flat. This proved to be a error because finally the 14-year-old male child was found dead. When he was caught the constabulary discovered in his flat a newly severed caput in the icebox. several braces of custodies and phallus stocked at the dorsum of the cupboard. there were two boiled and fleshless skulls on a cupboard shelf.
There were besides exposure of dismembered organic structures and skulls which were taken by Dahmer before and after the violent death. Biological Trait Theory From the point of position of Biological Trait Theorists. scientific discipline may hold the reply for the mystery brought by human behaviour. particularly aberrant behaviours. They believe that human encephalon may hold the reply to violent human behaviour. ( Ingrid Solano ) It is said that there are certain countries in the encephalon that may supply hints for consecutive slayers like Jeffrey Dahmer and that certain alterations in the encephalon may do a alteration in human behaviour.
They cite as an illustration the instance of Phineas Gage who was. before his accident. good loved by his colleagues. It appeared that while at work. Bet on suffered a serious accident. Gage. who was a chief. “triggered a premature detonation that launched a pointed Fe rod. midst as a broom handle. right through his skull. The rod rocketed through his face. striking his left oculus. and exited skyward through the top of his caput. Astoundingly. Pot was able to stand and talk in a few proceedingss. His intelligence was integral. But later it became clear that the one time unsloped immature adult male had been altered.
He now cursed. lied and behaved so detestably that he could non hang on to a occupation or a friend. The balance “between his rational module and his carnal propensities” had been destroyed. wrote Gage’s physician. John Harlow. Gage was no longer Gage. ” ( Claudia Wallis ) Using this theory to the instance of Jeffrey Dahmer. it would look that there was so something in his encephalon that made him perpetrate these atrociousnesss. First. his parents. though they got separated were normal people. His male parent was a chemist and his female parent was before the divorce a good female parent. He came from a comparatively loving household.
There was nil that will demo that he was abused or maltreated as a kid by his parents. In fact. his parents even tried to convey out the best in him by directing him to a good school and a good environment. Although he was reported to hold been sexually molested by a neighbour when he was older. this was at the clip when he was already exhibiting violent behaviours. Second. the histories on Jeffrey Dahmer’s life says that from the really immature age of four he already showed no compunction for animate beings as he experimented on them and decapitated them and scraped their tegument off.
It could non hold been possible that he acquired this behaviour from his parents or his neighbours. Therefore. his behaviour could merely be attributed to the interior procedures of his head which is manifested by the fact that Dahmer’s violent behaviour showed even at the clip when he was two old ages old when his male parent noticed that he liked to violently force blocks and ferociously rend up foliages. It was as if his violent behaviour was natural on his portion. There is nil that could explicate this violent behaviour except that it was the chemical reactions in his encephalon that trigger these violent effusions.
Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory On the other manus. Freud offered another account for aberrant behaviour. He thought that consecutive slayers are narcists or what he called the phase of pure Idaho. ( “Freud Narcissist Theory” ) A narcist is an single with no sense of empathy. They have no sense of the universe and no respect for the feelings of other individual aside from their ain. A individual who engages in aberrant behaviour has the feeling of ego and compulsion with phantasies of limitless success.
He is convinced that he is particular and alone and he feels that every people deserve to be punished and hurt. He is a individual who is concerned merely with himself and has pure amour propre. Harmonizing to Freud. human personality is divided into three phases: Idaho. self-importance and superego. The aim is for human personality to come on from the Idaho to the superego. The job is that some of us are non able to come on to superego and stay in the phase of Idaho. Consecutive slayers. like Jeffrey Dahmer. are ne’er able to come on from the infantile and emotional development phase of the Idaho.
This theory can competently use to Jeffrey Dahmer. It is deserving nil that Jeffrey Dahmer was an anti-social when he was still a kid. He disliked take parting in competitory and physical games with the other kid. In facts. histories show that Dahmer was more hypnotized with games like fell and seek or games that involved stalking or hiding. At school. he did non speak to the other childs which alerted his instructors. Indeed. Dahmer had jobs keeping relationship with other people which is the foundation of the following phase of personality theory – the self-importance.
This personality trait continued until he reached his maturity. He was hapless in school. got kicked out of the military and was ne’er able to remain in any sort of work. Harmonizing to Freud. this feeling of surplus of self-love can be associated with holding a deficiency of sexual libido. It is because of this ground that Jeffrey Dahmer when his victims are semi-conscious would normally hold repeated sex with his victim foremost before he kills them. His intent is to let go of his sexual libido. Harmonizing to Freud. this egotistic feeling is manifested with the mode the consecutive slayer kills his victims.
In the instance of Jeffrey Dahmer. he would normally degrade his victims. humiliate and humble them by boring holes to their skull and pouring acid on these holes so that they remain alive but they are semi-conscious. The dismembered parts of the organic structure will later on be placed inside the icebox to be eaten subsequently. Decision We hear about consecutive slayers about all the clip in our society to the point that it has become normal for us to hear and see people being killed. mutilated and violated. Our society is similarly fascinated when the life of consecutive slayers. like Jeffrey Dahmer. are portrayed in the films. telecastings and newspapers.
Although it is true that we hate them but at the dorsum of our heads there is a feeling of awe every clip we watch a movie about consecutive slayers. I think this is because of our love for force and danger. This nevertheless merely speaks of the debase status of the present society. We are non cognizant that possibly it is the society’s captivation for consecutive slayers and our love for lecherousness and force that creates a thousand more of Jeffrey Dahmer. The writer feels that so long as this status persists we will see a thousand more of Jeffrey Dahmer being born.